The Origins of Western Thought
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Apollo and the Greek Muses
Aristotelian Logic & Why it Doesn't Work Introduction
Plato’s Cosmology: The Timaeus Literally, “craftsman.” The creator of Plato’s physical world is not a divine intelligence or a personal ruler, but (as it were) a manual laborer.
Problem of Evil - Epicurus
Plato Plato's Allegory of the Cave
Edit Edited by Psam520, Teresa, Maluniu, Flickety and 13 others Socrates is considered the first major western philosopher along with his pupil Plato.  Socrates lived a simple life in Athens, and after being both a stonemason and soldier, he became a philosopher.  Socrates invented the Socratic method of inquiry which sought to highlight people's ignorance, through questioning which lead to contradictions in their beliefs; however, this didn't go down well and Socrates was executed in 399 B.C.E. at the age of 71.