Presocratic Philosophy. The Origins of Western Thought Philosophical Thinking Philosophy as a discipline isn't easy to define precisely.
Issuing from a sense of wonderment about life and the world, it often involves a keen interest in major questions about ourselves, our experience, and our place in the universe as a whole. But philosophy is also reflectively concerned with the methods its practitioners employ in the effort to resolve such questions. General Ancient History. FOR INFO ON THE ANCIENT RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONSTigris/Euphrates Rivers - The Fertile Crescent - Ancient Middle East The Nile River - Egypt Indus River Valley - IndiaYellow River - China Updated 6/8/11 Prehistoric cave painting at Vallon-Pont-d'Arc in the Ardèche region of France.
The Chauvet Cave. Myth, Legend, Folklore, Ghosts. Apollo and the Greek Muses Updated July 2010 COMPREHENSIVE SITES ON MYTHOLOGY ***** The Encyclopedia Mythica - SEARCH - Areas - Image Gallery - Genealogy tables - Mythic Heroes Probert Encyclopaedia - Mythology Gods, Heroes, and MythDictionary of Mythology What is Myth?
Aristotelian Logic & Why it Doesn't Work. Introduction By Aristotelian logic, I mean category logic, excluded-middle logic, on/off logic, either/or logic.
No greys – only black and white. This false ‘logic’ lies at the heart of authoritarianism, conflict, and a great deal of inadequate ‘science’. You are either for us or against us. Plato’s Cosmology: The Timaeus. Literally, “craftsman.”
The creator of Plato’s physical world is not a divine intelligence or a personal ruler, but (as it were) a manual laborer. Cf. Vlastos, Plato’s Universe (pp. 26-27): A living being Because it is based on the Form of living being (= Animal) Unique Because it is based on a unique model (the Form of living being), and the Demiurge makes it as much like its model as he can (subject, of course, to the limitations imposed by the fact that it’s made of matter). It has a soul Because it is a living being Spherical Because that is the most perfect and most beautiful shape Temporal That is, there is time in the cosmos - it is characterized by temporal predicates.
Problem of Evil - Epicurus. Plato's Allegory of the Cave. Plato Book VII of The Republic The Allegory of the Cave Here's a little story from Plato's most famous book, The Republic.