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The origins of abc

The origins of abc
Where does our alphabet come from? We see it every day on signs, billboards, packaging, in books and magazines; in fact, you are looking at it now — the Latin or Roman alphabet, the world’s most prolific, most widespread abc. Typography is a relatively recent invention, but to unearth the origins of alphabets, we will need to travel much farther back in time, to an era contemporaneous with the emergence of (agricultural) civilisation itself. Robert Bringhurst wrote that writing is the solid form of language, the precipitate.[1] But writing is also much more than that, and its origins, its evolution, and the way it is now woven into the fabric of civilisations makes it a truly wonderful story. That story spans some 5,000 years. Cuneiform The Sumerians began to experiment with writing at the close of the fourth millennium BC, in Mesopotamia between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates (roughly modern-day Iraq). 1.1 The pictographic origin of Cuneiform. 1.2 Proto-Cuneiform. The writing of the gods Related:  Escritas e língua egípcias

Ägyptologisches Seminar: Sinuhe-Bibliographie Die hier vorgelegte Sinuhe-Bibliographie geht auf ein privates Unterfangen von Günther Lapp zurück, der bereits in den 1970er Jahren damit begonnen hatte, die einschlägigen Besprechungen von Sinuhe-Stellen zu verzetteln. 1982 stiess ich dazu und habe die Arbeit seit Beginn der 1990er Jahre alleine weitergeführt. Mit dem Aufkommen der Computer stand dann zuerst vor allem die Umsetzung des alten Zettelkastens in digitale Form im Vordergrund. Aber auch allein das kontinuierliche Sichten der enormen Menge an stets neu hinzukommender Literatur war und ist sehr zeitaufwändig, zumal die Erzählung des Sinuhe eines der meistdiskutierten Literaturwerke in der Ägyptologie darstellt (und einen der meistgelesenen Texte im universitären Unterricht). Die entsprechende Sekundärliteratur ist inzwischen von einer Einzelperson kaum mehr überschaubar. Umso wichtiger scheint es mir, dem Fachkollegen dieses "Werkzeug", so provisorisch es im derzeitigen Zustand noch sein mag, an die Hand zu geben.

How To Sharpen An Image - Advanced Photo Sharpening Try before you buy. Download any Adobe product for a free 30 day trial. How To Sharpen An Image In Photoshop — Advanced Photoshop Sharpening Techniques Adapted from "Photoshop CS2: Essential Skills" by Mark Galer and Philip Andrews Most if not all digital images require sharpening, even if shot on a state of the art digital megaresolution SLR with pin-sharp focusing. Most cameras or scanners can sharpen as the image is captured but the highest quality sharpening is to be found in the image editing software. Sharpening in Adobe Photoshop CS2 will allow you to select the precise amount of sharpening and the areas of the image that require sharpening most. The best sharpening techniques prioritize certain areas; in this case, sharpening the eyes of a portrait but avoiding the skin texture. The basic concept of sharpening is to send the Unsharp Mask filter or Smart Sharpen filter on a “seek and manipulate” mission. Step 2 Choose Filter > Other > High Pass.

Calligraphy/ A SANE MAN IN AN INSANE WORLD "..Why can't they stop clucking, and just push the money through his letter-box (if he has one) ? But then there'd be the immediate problem of gangster or government attack..." (the following is adapted from a piece in The Daily Telegraph, London) Dr Perelman's extraordinary life has been one of adversity and extremes. Disillusioned with the world around him, he effectively withdrew from society about five years ago, taking a monk-like vow of silence. Grisha, as he is known to his friends, was born in 1966 in what was then known as Leningrad at a time when the Soviet Union was at the peak of its powers. The young Grisha's talents were noticed before he had reached the age of 11. "In 1981, he became the best of his age-group in the Soviet Union," recalled Sergey Rukshin, the director of the élite maths school where he studied. "It was very important for him to be Number One," he said. "Grigori is pure Jewish and I never minded that - but my bosses did.

‘Dreams’, ‘Stars’ & ‘So Much To Do’ 3 new limited edition prints by Seb Lester I released three new limited edition prints today, ‘Dreams’, ‘Stars’, and ‘So Much To Do’. I’ll show all three prints in this article, but for practical purposes I’ll focus primarily on ‘Dreams’, one of my most ambitious prints to date. What follows is an outline of what I wanted to achieve, the lettering styles I developed, and why I produced it. I guess it’s because of my design background that I always write a brief for myself before I start a print — a distillation of everything I want the print to say and do. I think the high water marks in my previous prints have probably been ‘Blazing’ and ‘Flames’. With ‘Dreams’ I wanted to try something else, to push the boat out somewhat and develop something more showy and complex. I love strong contrast in design and I wanted to create some bold display styles to act as a counterbalance to the scripts. I created ‘Dreams’, ultimately, because I wanted to challenge myself.

Egyptian Hieroglyphs | Egyptian Hieroglyphs The following lessons will familiarize you with some of the basic concepts of Middle Egyptian. They are as much here for you as the are for me. I’m not a linguist, I’m a student. ) as well as a copy of Raymond O. , an invaluable resource for beginners. Beautiful Word Clouds Medieval Art Time Zones Gay type The Week in Type Hard to believe that 2011 is coming to a close. Autumn is showing its face, and before you know it, we’ll be Christmas shopping. Some inspiring stuff in this week’s The Week in Type. Let’s begin with a gorgeous book cover by Carlo Giovani for the new Brazilian edition of Jules Verne’s Journey to the Center of the Earth: Lovely use of Phaeton by Randy Jones & Kevin Cornell. Via @ThinkingType. If a rug is too big, then how about something a little smaller: Type-Rings: The Wood Type Revival site of Matt Griffin & Matt Braun has launched. Linotype is one of the last of the big font foundry/distributors to redesign their websites. PBS continues its series of Off Book shorts with one devoted to type: This could well be the world’s largest printing type. And, yes, he printed with them. Created for the Wood Type Evolved exhibition at Columbia College, Chicago. Promotional video for Simon Garfield’s Just my Type: Just My Type from Pentagram on Vimeo. via @klimtypefoundry Bacteria type.