Monographs: unlocking the potential of the plant kingdom. □□The pace of progress in unlocking the DNA secrets of the natural world is accelerating. It's now possible for science to address challenges that not so long ago would have seemed like science fiction □ The origin and drivers of Neotropical plant and tetrapod diversification. A Comprehensive Phylogenomic Platform for Exploring the Angiosperm Tree of Life. A Comprehensive Phylogenomic Platform for Exploring the Angiosperm Tree of Life William J.
Baker, Paul Bailey, Vanessa Barber, Abigail Barker, Sidonie Bellot, David Bishop, Laura R. Botigué, Grace Brewer, Tom Carruthers, James J. Clarkson, Jeffrey Cook, Robyn S. Botanical Monography in the Anthropocene. The Purpose of Botanical Monographs The Anthropocene  has already witnessed unprecedented biodiversity loss as a direct consequence of human impacts , prompting calls for coordinated responses to the complex interlinked planetary crises affecting biodiversity, climate change [3,4], and healthi.
Amid alarmingly high rates of species invasions , range shifts (see Glossary)  and extinctions , there has never been greater urgency to document the estimated 20% of the Earth’s flora that remains to be scientifically described . The dark side of the genome. The Knowledge About (Digital) Specimens is in the Published Literature. November 10, 2020 Presentation Open Access Agosti, Donat; Guidoti, Marcus; Dikow, Torsten; Miller, Jeremy A.
Repositories for Taxonomic Data: Where We Are and What is Missing. Skip to Main Content Advertisement Search Close.
Taxonomy: stable taxon boundaries. How plants are named and how the RHS ensures naming standards. Floras of the Future: A look at Flora of North America Online. One of several interactive workshops offered at Botany 2020 was on the digital Flora of North America (North of Mexico, to give it its full name; FNA for short), which can be found in beta here.
Taxonomic concepts continued: All change at ALA and AFD. Continuing my struggles with taxa (see Taxonomic concepts continued: iNaturalist) I now turn to the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) and the Australian Faunal Directory (AFD), which have perhaps the most fluid taxon identifiers ever.
In 2018 I downloaded data from ALA and AFD and used it to create a knowledge graph ("Ozymandias", see GBIF Challenge Entry: Ozymandias and for the web interface to the knowledge graph). One thing I discovered is that the taxon identifiers used by ALA change... a lot. It almost feels that every time I revisit Ozyamndias and compare it to the ALA things have changed. Inference: International Review of Science. In response to “A Quiet Revolutionary” (Vol. 5, No. 1).
To the editors: Andrew Brower has written an insightful essay on Willi Hennig, the “quiet revolutionary.” Hennig was an entomologist, a dipterist, primarily known for his work on the relationships of flies and for his book Phylogenetic Systematics. Inference: International Review of Science. Since prehistory, humans have observed aspects of the living world around them and categorized organisms based on their salient features.
Which berries are edible, and which ones are poisonous? Which animals are good to hunt, and which ones are hunting you? Principles for creating a single authoritative list of the world’s species. Abstract Lists of species underpin many fields of human endeavour, but there are currently no universally accepted principles for deciding which biological species should be accepted when there are alternative taxonomic treatments (and, by extension, which scientific names should be applied to those species).
As improvements in information technology make it easier to communicate, access, and aggregate biodiversity information, there is a need for a framework that helps taxonomists and the users of taxonomy decide which taxa and names should be used by society whilst continuing to encourage taxonomic research that leads to new species discoveries, new knowledge of species relationships, and the refinement of existing species concepts. Citation: Garnett ST, Christidis L, Conix S, Costello MJ, Zachos FE, Bánki OS, et al. (2020) Principles for creating a single authoritative list of the world’s species.
PLoS Biol 18(7): e3000736. Published: July 7, 2020 Copyright: © 2020 Garnett et al. 1. New books present the PhyloCode, an evolution-based system for naming organisms – Florida Museum Science. Move over, Linnaeus: There’s a new way of naming organisms.
Scientists have formalized an alternative set of rules 285 years after the publication of the first edition of “Systema Naturae,” the landmark volume marking the beginning of the rank-based system for categorizing and naming life. Known as the PhyloCode, this system defines scientific names based on evolutionary relationships. Phylogenetics in the Genomic Era - Table of Contents. [New publication] - Meise Botanic Garden meets important educational needs.
Meise Botanic Garden has just launched a new publication, which provides an introduction to the field of botanical classification and naming (plants and fungi). It is available for free (Open Access) in both the English and French languages, as hard copy and electronically as PDF. The classification and naming of the plants and animals occurring on our planet is a crucial first step of biological science. Researchers from the Botanic Garden realized that such an introduction to plant systematics (also known as plant taxonomy) was lacking in the French language, but, moreover, that it was hardly ever taught at universities and colleges in tropical Africa. Plants and the People Who Name Them: The International Plant Names Index and BHL. How many people does it take to revise a genus? In 1994 I was in a forest in the Central African Republic standing in front of a tree. I remember the moment well.
I turned to my companion, Bakembe – part botanical wingman, part guru on forest living. He said “liambamba”. I picked up a fruit from the ground and glanced at him meaningfully and he repeated “liambamba – but different”. The Code Decoded. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants.
The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants is the set of rules and recommendations that govern the scientific naming of all organisms traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants, whether fossil or non-fossil, including blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), chytrids, oomycetes, slime moulds, and photosynthetic protists with their taxonomically related non-photosynthetic groups (but excluding Microsporidia).
Before 2011 it was called the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN). This edition of the Code embodies the decisions of the Nomenclature Section of the XIX International Botanical Congress (IBC), which took place in Shenzhen, China in July, 2017. This Shenzhen Code supersedes the Melbourne Code (McNeill & al. in Regnum Veg. 154. 2012), published after the XVIII IBC in Melbourne, Australia in 2011. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. IAPT - International Association for Plant Taxonomy. Online Resources for Taxonomic Research. Names and Nomenclature When tracking down published scientific names, and their places of publication, IPNI, The Plant List and Tropicos are the three primary websites.
The other listed sites are useful for interpreting abbreviations and following up on nomenclatural matters. International Plant Names Index (IPNI), includes Index Kewensis, the Gray Card Index (Harvard University), and the Australian Plant Names Index. A increasingly useful and authoratiative resource, but be aware that author citations and publication data may not be in standard form or complete, there are very few pre-1970 infraspecific names included, any basionym links/accepted names are just to be used as a guide, there are still some OCR scanning errors from the original digitisation.
The Plant List a working list of all known plant species – Version 1.1. Taxonomic Literature II (TL-2) .: Taxonomic Literature II (TL-2) Taxonomic Literature II. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. APG III system. APG IV system. ITIS. Phylogenetic Trees and Classification. Botanical Nomenclature. A Guide to Botanical Nomenclature. 1. Taxonomy 2028 Challenge: Greater engagement with the public and end users of taxonomy - noto. Taxonomy is a field that celebrates the immense diversity of life and allows for effective communication across not only scientific disciplines related to biology, but also for a whole range of other fields and industries that are crucial to our society (e.g. medicine, biosecurity, horticulture etc.).
Discovery of the type collection of Arabis nuda Bél. (Brassicaceae) - Scientific Publications of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. Preserving Biological Heritage: The Importance of Type Specimens. One thousand plant transcriptomes and the phylogenomics of green plants (Nature) CETAF – Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities. How new plant species get their names. Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities. Single copy genes produce a clearer phylogeny of the Apioideae. Search GRIN for Taxonomy of Plants. Towards visualising classifications from Wikidata. National Botanical Conservatory of Brest. Report on botanical nomenclature—Melbourne 2011.
What is a specimen: ref 2017. Phylogenetic Toolbox. Assembling, Visualizing, and Analyzing the Tree of Life. Introduction to plant phylogenomics with a focus on palms. Global Genome Biodiversity Network: saving a blueprint of the Tree of Life. Phytologia.org. Surfacing the deep data of taxonomy. TDWG 2013. Amazon plant diversity revealed by a taxonomically verified species list. Phil Garnock-Jones: Australian Taxonomy. Case Study of Botany Research in Tropics. Flowers mislead traditional taxonomy. Here's How Nature Files Its Taxa. Where are new species found?
We Need Books to…Identify New Species. Common Names: On some botanical mondegreens and Hobson-Jobsons. Hardscape floristics: Functional and phylogenetic diversity of parking lot plants - Frazee - - Applied Vegetation Science. The first steps towards the Flora of Myanmar. #iamabotanist – taxonomist. Oak Spring Garden Foundation - Incredible Conifers. Sticking to its roots: fighting to save the sweet potato’s identity.
Can’t Botanists agree on common names..? Rule-making about species naming in government. My name is Legion … – microscopesandmonsters. Trade in threatened medicinal plants - why plant names matter. 'What’s in a Name?' Launched at Harvard Museum of Natural History. Naming nature: Explaining Taxonomy. Cavendishia ends a 38 year wait for its own name. Endangered plant named after rockstar Jimi Hendrix. Name A New Species: Honor Someone Special. A Lasting Gift - Name auction. New bush tomato speciesnamed for Mark Watney of “The Martian” Scientists give a new name to Brazil’s national tree. Twin plants named after Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito following DNA discovery.
Naming Species on ebay. Scientist, Non-Profit Auction Naming Rights To New Plant Species. Average of 8 new species a month in New Caledonia. On a recent field trip,I learnt that species named after places can give pride and a sense of responsibility to locals. Invaluable for conservation! This is #Calamus lambirensis, home to #Borneo's incredibly diverse #LambirHillsNP and surrounding regions.