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Communication and reality

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Prison Mindfulness Institute. The Prison Mindfulness Institute (previously the Prison Dharma Network) is a non-profit organization founded in 1989 with the mission of supporting prisoners and prison volunteers in transformation through meditation and contemplative spirituality in prisons.

Prison Mindfulness Institute

The organization provides books and resources through their "Books Behind Bars" program, publishes books on prison dharma through their Prison Dharma Press, organizes a pen pal program between prisoners and meditation volunteers, and offers an apprenticeship program for prison volunteers called "Path of Freedom".

The organization supports prisoners in the study and practice of contemplative traditions as well as mindfulness awareness practices.[1][2] It is an affiliate of the Buddhist Peace Fellowship as well as the Peacemaker Community USA. Philosophically, the organization claims to encourage restorative justice and transformative justice models over retributive justice.[1] History[edit] Further reading[edit] Maull, Fleet (2005). Navigating Intermediate Targets: The Nervous System Midline. + Author Affiliations Correspondence: and Abstract In a bilaterally symmetric animal, the midline plays a key role in directing axon growth during wiring of the nervous system.

Navigating Intermediate Targets: The Nervous System Midline

Midline cells provide a variety of guidance cues for growing axons, to which different types of axons respond in different ways and at different times. For some axons, the midline is an intermediate target. The complex guidance decisions at the midline have made it a particularly fascinating model for investigating the mechanisms and logic of axon pathfinding. At the ventral midline of the developing vertebrate spinal cord is a transient structure composed of ependymal cells called the floor plate. In vertebrates, the commissural neurons that are commonly used for axon guidance studies are born in the dorsal spinal cord and extend axons ventrally toward the floor plate during embryonic day 10 (E10) to E13.5. Figure 1. The Empowerment Dynamic. Two-Triangles The Empowerment Dynamic (TED) has been proposed as an alternative to the Karpman drama triangle.

The Empowerment Dynamic

The drama triangle is a psychological and social model of human interaction in transactional analysis (TA) first described by Stephen Karpman in 1968. The drama triangle is used in psychology and psychotherapy to describe the insidious way in which people who present themselves as "victims", "persecutors", and "rescuers" can get caught in a cycle that is hard to escape, because in a sense, none of the three roles may actually be honest ones. For many years, the key to escaping this triangle was thought to be awareness plus willpower. [citation needed] However, there was no clear alternative to the drama triangle. In 2005, David Emerald Womeldorff published a short book The Power of TED to provide a new model that offers an antidote to and escape from Karpman's drama triangle. Nonviolent Communication. Nonviolent Communication (abbreviated NVC, also called Compassionate Communication or Collaborative Communication[1][2]) is a communication process developed by Marshall Rosenberg beginning in the 1960s.[3] NVC often functions as a conflict resolution process.

Nonviolent Communication

It focuses on three aspects of communication: self-empathy (defined as a deep and compassionate awareness of one's own inner experience), empathy (defined as listening to another with deep compassion), and honest self-expression (defined as expressing oneself authentically in a way that is likely to inspire compassion in others). NVC is based on the idea that all human beings have the capacity for compassion and only resort to violence or behavior that harms others when they don't recognize more effective strategies for meeting needs.[4] Habits of thinking and speaking that lead to the use of violence (psychological and physical) are learned through culture.

Applications[edit] Four-sides model. Graphic of the four-sides model The four-sides model (also known as communication square or four-ears model) is a communication model by Friedemann Schulz von Thun.

Four-sides model

According to this model every message has four facets[1] though not the same emphasis might be put on each. The four sides of the message are fact, self-revealing, relationship, and appeal. Relationship[edit] Bohm Dialogue. Bohm Dialogue (also known as Bohmian Dialogue or "Dialogue in the Spirit of David Bohm") is a freely-flowing group conversation in which participants attempt to reach a common understanding, experiencing everyone's point of view fully, equally and nonjudgementally.[1] This can lead to new and deeper understanding.

Bohm Dialogue

The purpose is to solve the communication crises that face society,[2] and indeed the whole of human nature and consciousness. It utilizes a theoretical understanding of the way thoughts relate to universal reality. It is named after physicist David Bohm who originally proposed this form of dialogue. Bohm's Original Dialogue[edit]