Unarmed. Not wearing a seatbelt. Running away. Police are more likely to shoot if you’re black. In the past three years, police shootings have sparked an unprecedented series of protests across the country.
Groups led by Black Lives Matter said the shootings were part of a larger pattern of racial discrimination. Law enforcement officials said they weren’t. So we examined every Florida police shooting from 2009 to 2014, using police reports, news articles, lawsuits and autopsies to break down each one to its most basic traits. Each dot represents one person who was shot. Most of the people were either black or white. More black people were shot, even though whites in Florida outnumber blacks 3 to 1. Take away the least debatable cases, where people were involved in violent crimes or threatened police with weapons.
Here’s what’s left. Now the numbers skew even more black. Then think about what raises the most questions when a police officer shoots someone. Shot while unarmed? Blacks outnumbered whites 2 to 1. Or while reaching for something that officers thought was a weapon — but wasn’t. HISTORY OF SLAVERY. The horrors of the slave trade do not go unnoticed in England, however hard the traders try to justify their activities (even, preposterously, proclaiming the care and consideration which they show to their precious cargo).
The first sharp prick to the public's conscience comes in 1688 with the publication of Aphra Behn's novel Oroonoko (about the sufferings of an African prince and his loved one, transported by the English to slavery in Surinam). By this time the Quakers are already prominent in their condemnation of this inhuman trade, with the society's founder, George Fox, speaking strongly against it. In 1772 there is a landmark case when Lord Mansfield frees James Somerset, belonging to an American master, on the grounds that he has set foot in England. The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you - Anthony Hazard. The Atlantic slave trade sent slaves to various locations in the world.
What effect did this forced migration have on these areas? Visit the Mariner’s Museum Captive Passage website. Slavery Throughout the World: World History in Context. No system of slavery has persisted on a significant scale unless supported by continuing systematic introductions of fresh captives: strangers brought into the slaveholding society without the cultural knowledge of seasoned slaves, not to mention the inherited rights accorded locally born members of the host community.
Trade as a source of such newcomers has the specific connotation of purposive investment in--and organized movements of--people, by merchants in a commercialized economy. Otherwise, small numbers of dependent newcomers might enter localized communities through occasional, ad hoc transfers from neighbors, below the threshold of such an organized "trade. " Distressed persons have offered themselves...View More. Humanities 8 - Slavery Unit. From Abigail Smith Adams to Cotton Tufts, 28 November 1800. Columbia City of Washington Novbr 28 1800 Dear Sir I feel as tho I was much further removed from all my Friends and Connections <, Start deletion,in, End,> at the State of Massachusetts, than one hundred and 50 miles from Philadelphia could make me.
As to politicks, I believe it best not to say any thing upon the Subject at present; I must leave them to a certain General who has so well understood the art of warfare, as to miss his mark and wound himself instead of destroying his opponent, at least this is the universal voice as reported from every quarter where his Letter has circulated—grose falshoods he has told—as well as some truths the person he meant to serve, he has injured, and the one he designd to injure, he has Served— I have not heard from you Since I left home I hope you will write and let me know how you do, as my friends whom I left sick. inclosed is a Bill out of which I will thank you to pay Col. I rejoice with all my Heart at the Success and Gallantry of capt.
Georgetown and the Sin of Slavery. Photo The reparations movement, which calls for compensating the descendants of generations of enslaved Americans going back 250 years, has failed to gain traction in this country for a variety of reasons.
Most Americans see slavery as an artifact of the distant past that has no bearing on the nation’s present. And even people who are sympathetic to the reparations idea — and who acknowledge the continued imprint of slavery on society — have often argued that there is no way to distinguish descendants who have provable claims to compensation from those who do not, partly because enslaved people usually went unnamed in the United States census, which rendered them faceless in the historical record. Bankers, merchants and manufacturers all profited from the slave trade, as did companies that insured slaving ships and their cargo. And more than a dozen universities have acknowledged ties to slavery. At Georgetown, slavery and scholarship were inextricably linked. Slavery Abolition Act 1833. The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (citation 3 & 4 Will.
IV c. 73) was an 1833 Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom abolishing slavery throughout the British Empire (with the exceptions "of the Territories in the Possession of the East India Company," the "Island of Ceylon," and "the Island of Saint Helena"; the exceptions were eliminated in 1843). The Act was repealed in 1998 as part of a wider rationalization of English statute law, but later anti-slavery legislation remains in force. Background In 1772, Lord Mansfield's judgement in the Somersett's Case emancipated a slave in England, which helped launch the movement to abolish slavery. The case ruled that slavery was unsupported by law in England and no authority could be exercised on slaves entering English or Scottish soil. In 1785, English poet William Cowper wrote: We have no slaves at home – Then why abroad?
New Databases Offer Insights Into the Lives of Escaped Slaves. This map shows where the world’s 30 million slaves live. There are 60,000 in the U.S. Share of each country's population that is enslaved.
Click to enlarge. Data source: Walk Free Global Slavery Index. (Max Fisher/The Washington Post) We think of slavery as a practice of the past, an image from Roman colonies or 18th-century American plantations, but the practice of enslaving human beings as property still exists. There are 29.8 million people living as slaves right now, according to a comprehensive new report issued by the Australia-based Walk Free Foundation. This is not some softened, by-modern-standards definition of slavery. The country where you are most likely to be enslaved is Mauritania.
The Confederate Cause in the Words of Its Leaders. Slavery myths: Seven lies, half-truths, and irrelevancies people trot out about slavery—debunked. Photo courtesy the National Archives/Getty Images A certain resistance to discussion about the toll of American slavery isn’t confined to the least savory corners of the Internet.
Last year, in an unsigned (and now withdrawn) review of historian Ed Baptist’s book The Half Has Never Been Told, the Economist took issue with Baptist’s “overstated” treatment of the topic, arguing that the increase in the country’s economic output in the 19th century shouldn’t be chalked up to black workers’ innovations in the cotton field but rather to masters treating their slaves well out of economic self-interest—a bit of seemingly rational counterargument that ignores the moral force of Baptist’s narrative, while making space for the fantasy of kindly slavery. In a June column on the legacy of Robert E.
“The Irish Were Slaves Too” Is it true? Which raises a question: Where did the myth of Irish slavery come from? A Slate Plus Special Feature: This is an important point. Is it true? Image via mythdebunk.com. The history of British slave ownership has been buried: now its scale can be revealed. The past has a disconcerting habit of bursting, uninvited and unwelcome, into the present.
This year history gate-crashed modern America in the form of a 150-year-old document: a few sheets of paper that compelled Hollywood actor Ben Affleck to issue a public apology and forced the highly regarded US public service broadcaster PBS to launch an internal investigation. The document, which emerged during the production of Finding Your Roots, a celebrity genealogy show, is neither unique nor unusual. It is one of thousands that record the primal wound of the American republic – slavery. It lists the names of 24 slaves, men and women, who in 1858 were owned by Benjamin L Cole, Affleck’s great-great-great-grandfather.
When this uncomfortable fact came to light, Affleck asked the show’s producers to conceal his family’s links to slavery. It was precisely because slaves were reduced to property that they appear so regularly in historic documents, both in the US and in Britain. Go Forrest Go. The statue of Nathan Bedford Forrest in Memphis, TennesseeJim Weber/The Commercial Appeal/Zuma On Wednesday, the Memphis City Council cast its final vote to remove a statue of Nathan Bedford Forrest from a downtown park. Despite the considerable pushback against the decision, I can't help but feel a little hope that progress is being made in my home state. Discovery Of A Wrecked Slave Ship From 1794 Is Important Today. Last week, the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African-American Culture and History, along with several other organizations, announced the discovery of the wreckage of the Sao José Paquete Africa, a Portuguese slave ship that sank off the coast of South Africa in 1794.
The ship had left Mozambique on December 3, 1794, with between 400 and 500 slaves shackled in its dark hold; they were bound on a 7,000-mile voyage to Brazil, where they would work in sugar plantations. Instead, after just 24 days, the ship went down in the seas near Cape Town. Around 212 slaves died; the Portuguese captain, crew and half of the slaves survived. Once brought to land, those slaves were immediately re-sold. Wrecked Slave Ship Is An Important Discovery For the Museum, this is important because it has taken more than 10 long years to make this discovery, and it marks the first-ever recovery of a slave ship that went down with slaves aboard.