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The ancient fabric that no one knows how to make - BBC Future. BBC Radio 4 - A History of the World in 100 Objects. Primary Sources.

Slavery past & present

US. Muslims lived in America before Protestantism even existed. The first words to pass between Europeans and Americans (one-sided and confusing as they must have been) were in the sacred language of Islam.

Muslims lived in America before Protestantism even existed

Christopher Columbus had hoped to sail to Asia and had prepared to communicate at its great courts in one of the major languages of Eurasian commerce. So when Columbus’s interpreter, a Spanish Jew, spoke to the Taíno of Hispaniola, he did so in Arabic.

Earliest Human History

Asia. Contemporary History. Early British History. History in Photos. 30 Years After Tiananmen, a Chinese Military Insider Warns: Never Forget. Ancient Society Research Resources. History Visualised - Timelines- photos. digital info. Future - Are we on the road to civilisation collapse? Great civilisations are not murdered.

Future - Are we on the road to civilisation collapse?

Instead, they take their own lives.

European History

Famous Speeches in History — Audio Online - History of colonisation and decolonization. Lessons From McGraw Hill: The Eurocentric Influence on History Textbooks and Classrooms. Earlier this month, McGraw Hill found itself at the center of some rather embarrassing press after a photo showing a page from one of its high-school world-geography textbooks was disseminated on social media.

Lessons From McGraw Hill: The Eurocentric Influence on History Textbooks and Classrooms

The page features a seemingly innocuous polychromatic map of the United States, broken up into thousands of counties, as part of a lesson on the country’s immigration patterns: Different colors correspond with various ancestral groups, and the color assigned to each county indicates its largest ethnic representation. The page is scarce on words aside from an introductory summary and three text bubbles explaining specific trends—for example, that Mexico accounts for the largest share of U.S. immigrants today. The recent blunder has to do with one bubble in particular. Hidden codex may reveal secrets of life in Mexico before Spanish conquest. One of the rarest manuscripts in the world has been revealed hidden beneath the pages of an equally rare but later Mexican codex, thanks to hi-tech imaging techniques.

Hidden codex may reveal secrets of life in Mexico before Spanish conquest

The Codex Selden, a book of concertina-folded pages made out of a five-metre strip of deerhide, is one of a handful of illustrated books of history and mythology that survived wholesale destruction by Spanish conquerors and missionaries in the 16th century. Researchers using hyperspectral imaging, a technique originally used for geological research and astrophysics, discovered the underlying images hidden beneath a layer of gesso, a plaster made from ground gypsum and chalk, without damaging the priceless later manuscript. 100,000,000 Years From Now. How Islam Created Europe. Europe was essentially defined by Islam.

How Islam Created Europe

And Islam is redefining it now. For centuries in early and middle antiquity, Europe meant the world surrounding the Mediterranean, or Mare Nostrum (“Our Sea”), as the Romans famously called it. It included North Africa. Indeed, early in the fifth century A.D., when Saint Augustine lived in what is today Algeria, North Africa was as much a center of Christianity as Italy or Greece. Top 15 Most Powerful Women in History. A number of powerful women have shaped the course of history with their intelligence, strength, passion, and leadership qualities.

Top 15 Most Powerful Women in History

They have challenged the status quo, made lasting reforms, and many have presided over their countries for decades, ushering in prosperity and cultural revolutions. While this list is certainly subjective, it tries to take into account the actual power and the impact of each person. Notably, the United Kingdom has three entries in the top ten, an eye-catching fact, considering that a monarchy managed to achieve such a feminist feat, and yet the United States, which always considered itself as the most advanced democratic society ever, hasn’t been able to elect a female leader in all of its independent existence so far. 15. Zenobia (240-275) was a queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria who challenged the authority of the Roman Empire in the 3rd century. Queen Zenobia's Last Look Upon Palmyra, by Herbert Gustave Schmalz. 14. 13. 12. 11. 10. 9. 8. 7. Europe's Famed Bog Bodies Are Starting to Reveal Their Secrets.

If you’re looking for the middle of nowhere, the Bjaeldskovdal bog is a good place to start.

Europe's Famed Bog Bodies Are Starting to Reveal Their Secrets

It lies six miles outside the small town of Silkeborg in the middle of Denmark’s flat, sparse Jutland peninsula. The bog itself is little more than a spongy carpet of moss, with a few sad trees poking out. An ethereal stillness hangs over it. A child would put it more simply: This place is really spooky. I drove here on a damp March day with Ole Nielsen, director of the Silkeborg Museum. The first time I saw him in his glass case at the Silkeborg Museum, a kind of embarrassed hush came over me, as if I had intruded on a sacred mystery. What really gets you is his lovely face with its closed eyes and lightly stubbled chin. Reluctant perhaps, but not altogether unwilling. Scholars tend to agree that Tollund Man’s killing was some kind of ritual sacrifice to the gods—perhaps a fertility offering. Lately, Tollund Man has been enjoying a particularly hectic afterlife. Arabian, Hindi & Persian (pre Iraq & Iran) Rome. Rome In The 1st Century - Episode 1: Order From Chaos (ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)

Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21. Shock: The First Crusade and the Conquest of Jerusalem. Big History theories pose latest challenge to traditional curriculum. A provocative new theory of history which has won influential support from Bill Gates poses the latest challenge to the coalition government plans to return to a traditional school curriculum.

Big History theories pose latest challenge to traditional curriculum

Big History, a movement spearheaded by the Oxford-educated maverick historian David Christian, is based on the idea that the academic study of the past can no longer be carried out from a nationalist perspective. Christian and his acolytes argue that the discipline will progress only once it charts human activity with a global scope, looking at chains of cause and effect that do not respect national borders. On a Big History course, the species Homo sapiens is not even mentioned until more than halfway through. Where did Russia come from? - Alex Gendler. Who's Who in Medieval History and the Renaissance. The "Who's Who in Medieval History" project is intended to help you find information about significant individuals from the Middle Ages and Renaissance, when available, on the web and in print.

Who's Who in Medieval History and the Renaissance

Each page will offer a brief explanation of who the individual was and why he or she is important or interesting in medieval and Renaissance studies. For more information, be sure to investigate the websites or books provided. All hail the humble moss, bringer of oxygen and life to Earth. Scientists have identified the creature that gave the Earth its first breath of fresh, clean air and made life possible for everything ranging from ardvaarks to Olympic athletes and zebra finches.

All hail the humble moss, bringer of oxygen and life to Earth

It was a moss. The drama unfolded more than 400 million years ago and there are no surviving witnesses. BBC Masterpieces of the British Museum - The Assyrian Lion Hunt Reliefs. Sweden pays for grim past. After years of denial, Sweden began moves yesterday to compensate thousands of citizens sterilised in a grim social experiment in eugenics which lasted more than 40 years. Stockholm's social affairs ministry announced it would pay up to £13,430 to each surviving victim of the 1934-76 programme.

History as Science, not only Art. (History for dummies, 2) In my previous post I cited Leopold von Ranke’s famous explanation for history being an art. (I turned to von Ranke because a biblical scholar quoted von Ranke to me without knowing the source of his quotation, nor its meaning.) Now von Ranke’s philosophy of history and views on the nature of historical facts have been superseded throughout the twentieth century. But he gave expression to the meaning of history as an “art” (explained in my previous post), and to the importance of reliance first and foremost on empirically verifiable primary sources (sources physically located in the time and place of the subject of historical inquiry), and these concepts have stood the test of time for most historians.

But in my citation of von Ranke’s explanation of the nature of history as an art, one also reads that this same grandfather of modern history said history is a “science”. Science begins with empirical data Science deals with facts. 1922: The discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb — in color. In 1907, Egyptologist and archaeologist Howard Carter was hired by George Herbert, the 5th Earl of Carnarvon to oversee excavations in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings. Carter had built a reputation for scrupulously recording and preserving discoveries.

Carter searched the valley for years with little to show for it, which drew the ire of his employer. In 1922, Lord Carnarvon told Carter that he had only one more season of digging before his funding would be ended. Revisiting a previously abandoned dig site at a group of huts, Carter started digging again, desperate for a breakthrough. On Nov. 4, 1922, his crew discovered a step carved into the rock. What Vikings really looked like. The fine decoration of the Oseberg ship in Norway, which was buried in the year 834, provides clues to what Vikings looked like. Inside the ship were two women and the archaeologists believe the ship has served as a sarcophagus. (Photo: Annie Dalbéra) There’s no shortage of myths about the appearance of our notorious Viking ancestors. To find out more about these myths, ScienceNordic’s Danish partner site,, asked its Facebook readers to list their favourite myths about what the Vikings looked like.

We have picked out five myths from the resulting debate and asked researchers to help us confirm or bust these myths. Armed with this information, our graphic designer then took a shot at drawing some examples of our infamous forefathers, which you can see in our picture gallery. 10 Forgotten Nations That Once Ruled The Land. History Rome annihilated Carthage to ensure it would never again rise as a major threat. The Ottomans forever ended Byzantium’s glory. The vast armies of Persia were repeatedly beaten back by the Greeks, subjugated by the might of Alexander, and destroyed by the rise of Islam. The fates of once great and proud nations fill the pages of history books—and then there are those forgotten powers even the history books seldom mention. 10BurgundyWestern Europe France’s greatest historical rivals are often considered to be England or Germany. We’ve previously mentioned how Louis the Pious, son of Charlemagne, divided the Carolingian Empire among his sons.

11 Things You May Not Know About Ancient Egypt — HISTORY Lists. Ancient Egypt stood as one of the world’s most advanced civilizations for nearly 3,000 years and created a culture so rich that it has spawned its own field of study. But while Egyptian art, architecture and burial methods have become enduring objects of fascination, there is still a lot you probably don’t know about these famed builders of the pyramids. A Year on the Medieval Farm. What did medieval peasants do on a farm? The wars that inspired Game of Thrones - Alex Gendler. How the Chicken Conquered the World.

Patricia Crone, Questioning Scholar of Islamic History, Dies at 70. The History of the Universe in 200 Words or Less [rec.humor.funny] Family tree of the Greek gods. Greek cosmological entities Essential Olympians and Titans. First "People of the British Isles" paper.