background preloader


Facebook Twitter

European History

History Visualised - Timelines- photos. digital info. Early British History. Slavery past & present. US. Earliest Human History. Asia. Contemporary History.

Primary Sources. Europe's Famed Bog Bodies Are Starting to Reveal Their Secrets. If you’re looking for the middle of nowhere, the Bjaeldskovdal bog is a good place to start.

Europe's Famed Bog Bodies Are Starting to Reveal Their Secrets

It lies six miles outside the small town of Silkeborg in the middle of Denmark’s flat, sparse Jutland peninsula. The bog itself is little more than a spongy carpet of moss, with a few sad trees poking out. An ethereal stillness hangs over it. A child would put it more simply: This place is really spooky. I drove here on a damp March day with Ole Nielsen, director of the Silkeborg Museum. The first time I saw him in his glass case at the Silkeborg Museum, a kind of embarrassed hush came over me, as if I had intruded on a sacred mystery. What really gets you is his lovely face with its closed eyes and lightly stubbled chin. Reluctant perhaps, but not altogether unwilling.

Scholars tend to agree that Tollund Man’s killing was some kind of ritual sacrifice to the gods—perhaps a fertility offering. Lately, Tollund Man has been enjoying a particularly hectic afterlife. (Map Credit: Guilbert Gates) How Islam Created Europe. Europe was essentially defined by Islam.

How Islam Created Europe

And Islam is redefining it now. For centuries in early and middle antiquity, Europe meant the world surrounding the Mediterranean, or Mare Nostrum (“Our Sea”), as the Romans famously called it. It included North Africa. Indeed, early in the fifth century A.D., when Saint Augustine lived in what is today Algeria, North Africa was as much a center of Christianity as Italy or Greece. But the swift advance of Islam across North Africa in the seventh and eighth centuries virtually extinguished Christianity there, thus severing the Mediterranean region into two civilizational halves, with the “Middle Sea” a hard border between them rather than a unifying force. Ancient Society Research Resources. Top 15 Most Powerful Women in History.

A number of powerful women have shaped the course of history with their intelligence, strength, passion, and leadership qualities.

Top 15 Most Powerful Women in History

They have challenged the status quo, made lasting reforms, and many have presided over their countries for decades, ushering in prosperity and cultural revolutions. While this list is certainly subjective, it tries to take into account the actual power and the impact of each person. Notably, the United Kingdom has three entries in the top ten, an eye-catching fact, considering that a monarchy managed to achieve such a feminist feat, and yet the United States, which always considered itself as the most advanced democratic society ever, hasn’t been able to elect a female leader in all of its independent existence so far. 15. Zenobia (240-275) was a queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria who challenged the authority of the Roman Empire in the 3rd century. Queen Zenobia's Last Look Upon Palmyra, by Herbert Gustave Schmalz. 14. 13. 12. 11.

Hidden codex may reveal secrets of life in Mexico before Spanish conquest. 100,000,000 Years From Now. All hail the humble moss, bringer of oxygen and life to Earth. Scientists have identified the creature that gave the Earth its first breath of fresh, clean air and made life possible for everything ranging from ardvaarks to Olympic athletes and zebra finches.

All hail the humble moss, bringer of oxygen and life to Earth

It was a moss. The drama unfolded more than 400 million years ago and there are no surviving witnesses. Where did Russia come from? - Alex Gendler. Arabian, Hindi & Persian (pre Iraq & Iran) Ancient Civilisations. Rome In The 1st Century - Episode 1: Order From Chaos (ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY) Lessons From McGraw Hill: The Eurocentric Influence on History Textbooks and Classrooms. Earlier this month, McGraw Hill found itself at the center of some rather embarrassing press after a photo showing a page from one of its high-school world-geography textbooks was disseminated on social media.

Lessons From McGraw Hill: The Eurocentric Influence on History Textbooks and Classrooms

The page features a seemingly innocuous polychromatic map of the United States, broken up into thousands of counties, as part of a lesson on the country’s immigration patterns: Different colors correspond with various ancestral groups, and the color assigned to each county indicates its largest ethnic representation. The page is scarce on words aside from an introductory summary and three text bubbles explaining specific trends—for example, that Mexico accounts for the largest share of U.S. immigrants today. Famous Speeches in History — Audio Online - BBC Masterpieces of the British Museum - The Assyrian Lion Hunt Reliefs. Who's Who in Medieval History and the Renaissance. The "Who's Who in Medieval History" project is intended to help you find information about significant individuals from the Middle Ages and Renaissance, when available, on the web and in print.

Who's Who in Medieval History and the Renaissance

Each page will offer a brief explanation of who the individual was and why he or she is important or interesting in medieval and Renaissance studies. For more information, be sure to investigate the websites or books provided. Rome. History as Science, not only Art. (History for dummies, 2) In my previous post I cited Leopold von Ranke’s famous explanation for history being an art.

History as Science, not only Art. (History for dummies, 2)

(I turned to von Ranke because a biblical scholar quoted von Ranke to me without knowing the source of his quotation, nor its meaning.) Now von Ranke’s philosophy of history and views on the nature of historical facts have been superseded throughout the twentieth century. But he gave expression to the meaning of history as an “art” (explained in my previous post), and to the importance of reliance first and foremost on empirically verifiable primary sources (sources physically located in the time and place of the subject of historical inquiry), and these concepts have stood the test of time for most historians. But in my citation of von Ranke’s explanation of the nature of history as an art, one also reads that this same grandfather of modern history said history is a “science”.

Science begins with empirical data Science deals with facts. This is the same way criminologists work. 1922: The discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb — in color. In 1907, Egyptologist and archaeologist Howard Carter was hired by George Herbert, the 5th Earl of Carnarvon to oversee excavations in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings.

1922: The discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb — in color

Carter had built a reputation for scrupulously recording and preserving discoveries. Carter searched the valley for years with little to show for it, which drew the ire of his employer. In 1922, Lord Carnarvon told Carter that he had only one more season of digging before his funding would be ended. Revisiting a previously abandoned dig site at a group of huts, Carter started digging again, desperate for a breakthrough. What Vikings really looked like.

The fine decoration of the Oseberg ship in Norway, which was buried in the year 834, provides clues to what Vikings looked like.

What Vikings really looked like

Inside the ship were two women and the archaeologists believe the ship has served as a sarcophagus. (Photo: Annie Dalbéra) There’s no shortage of myths about the appearance of our notorious Viking ancestors. To find out more about these myths, ScienceNordic’s Danish partner site,, asked its Facebook readers to list their favourite myths about what the Vikings looked like.

We have picked out five myths from the resulting debate and asked researchers to help us confirm or bust these myths. Armed with this information, our graphic designer then took a shot at drawing some examples of our infamous forefathers, which you can see in our picture gallery. 10 Forgotten Nations That Once Ruled The Land. History Rome annihilated Carthage to ensure it would never again rise as a major threat.

10 Forgotten Nations That Once Ruled The Land

The Ottomans forever ended Byzantium’s glory. 11 Things You May Not Know About Ancient Egypt — HISTORY Lists. Along with King Tut, perhaps no figure is more famously associated with ancient Egypt than Cleopatra VII. But while she was born in Alexandria, Cleopatra was actually part of a long line of Greek Macedonians originally descended from Ptolemy I, one of Alexander the Great’s most trusted lieutenants.

The Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt from 323 to 30 B.C., and most of its leaders remained largely Greek in their culture and sensibilities. In fact, Cleopatra was famous for being one of the first members of the Ptolemaic dynasty to actually speak the Egyptian language. For over two centuries the Egyptians fought against the Hittite Empire for control of lands in modern day Syria. The conflict gave rise to bloody engagements like 1274 B.C.’s Battle of Kadesh, but by time of the pharaoh Ramses II neither side had emerged as a clear victor. After a long day’s work along the Nile River, Egyptians often relaxed by playing board games. A Year on the Medieval Farm. What did medieval peasants do on a farm? Some documents from the period offer insights into the agricultural activities throughout the year. One of these works was the Liber ruralium commodorum, written by Pietro de’ Crescenzi around 1304-09. This treatise about agriculture offered advice on all kinds of things to be done on the medieval farm, ranging from beekeeping to winemaking, and includes a chapter detailing a monthly calendar of tasks.

This work became very popular in the later Middle Ages, with numerous manuscripts and print versions coming out. The wars that inspired Game of Thrones - Alex Gendler. How the Chicken Conquered the World. The chickens that saved Western civilization were discovered, according to legend, by the side of a road in Greece in the first decade of the fifth century B.C.

The Athenian general Themistocles, on his way to confront the invading Persian forces, stopped to watch two cocks fighting and summoned his troops, saying: “Behold, these do not fight for their household gods, for the monuments of their ancestors, for glory, for liberty or the safety of their children, but only because one will not give way to the other.” Patricia Crone, Questioning Scholar of Islamic History, Dies at 70. The History of the Universe in 200 Words or Less [rec.humor.funny] | Browse the Best of RHF: "General Jokes 96-present" | (chuckle) Quantum fluctuation. Inflation. Expansion. Strong nuclear interaction. Best of Jokes | Current Jokes | RHF Home | Search. Family tree of the Greek gods. Greek cosmological entities Essential Olympians and Titans. First "People of the British Isles" paper.

The Easter Bunny.