Why Don't Students Like School?: A Cognitive Scientist Answers Questions About How the Mind Works and What It Means for the Classroom - Daniel T. Willingham Easy-to-apply, scientifically-based approaches for engaging students in the classroom Cognitive scientist Dan Willingham focuses his acclaimed research on the biological and cognitive basis of learning. His book will help teachers improve their practice by explaining how they and their students think and learn. It reveals-the importance of story, emotion, memory, context, and routine in building knowledge and creating lasting learning experiences. Nine, easy-to-understand principles with clear applications for the classroom Includes surprising findings, such as that intelligence is malleable, and that you cannot develop "thinking skills" without facts How an understanding of the brain's workings can help teachers hone their teaching skills "Mr.
Why the Widespread Belief in 'Learning Styles' Is Not Just Wrong; It's Also Dangerous Earlier this year on this blog, we addressed the problem of neuromyths including the belief held by 93 percent of British teachers that "learning styles" exist. A new TED talk by Dr. Tesia Marshik, who is an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, walks us through the extensive evidence that learning styles don't exist, before looking at why the belief is so widespread and exploring how the belief can indeed be dangerous: "When something is so pervasive it doesn't even occur to people to challenge it. Last but not least, another reason that this belief exists is confirmation bias, that natural tendency we have as humans that we want to be right — or we don't want to be wrong. Why does it matter? 1. 2. Watch the video in full below: For an in depth look at evidence-based ways to improve learning that do actually work, see my breakdown of a meta-analysis of research into learning techniques.
Livre : Pourquoi les enfants n'aiment pas l'école ! (Daniel T. Willingham) Acheter le livre Daniel T. WILLINGHAM : Diplômé de Harvard en psychologie cognitive. Résumé :Comment fonctionne le cerveau d'un élève ? Commentaire : Voilà un livre particulièrement intéressant. Dans ce livre, l’auteur nous livre les dernières découvertes en psychologie cognitive, qui sont toutes en faveur de l’enseignement explicite. La traductrice a fait un effort pour adapter intelligemment les propos de Willingham au contexte français. Mais l'intérêt du travail de Daniel Willingham l'emporte et, sans hésitation aucune, je recommande la lecture de cet ouvrage aux professionnels de l’enseignement.
Épisode #329: Les intelligences multiples de Gardner (Nicolas Gauvrit) – SCEPTICISME SCIENTIFIQUE D’une manière globale en psychologie et surtout dans sa praxis et son application on est encore loin du regard scientifique d’Henri Wallon. Ça reste globalement dans la mesure même si en France il est vrai que l’on est moins obtus que les pays fortement influencés par la pensée empiriste. C’est surtout dans la psychologie scientifique que ça reste dans le biologisme ou l’innéisme. En science, les mesures sont importantes mais de manière a posteriori c’est à dire encadrée par la théorie afin de représenter de façon simplexe le réel complexe. C’est là, où le technicien intervient pour renverser la tendance de l’anomalie mise à jour tout en restant dans le cadre du développement naturel du phénomène ambivalent. Mais, d’une manière générale, on use de la mesure de manière a priori comme un outils afin de sélectionner ce qui ne rentre pas dans nos préjugés définis comme norme. Sinon, voilà une belle citation D’Émile Jalley citant également Henri Wallon : => Jalley, E. (2014).
Opinion | Are You a Visual or an Auditory Learner? It Doesn’t Matter You must read this article to understand it, but many people feel reading is not how they learn best. They would rather listen to an explanation or view a diagram. Researchers have formalized those intuitions into theories of learning styles. These theories are influential enough that many states (including New York) require future teachers to know them and to know how they might be used in the classroom. But there’s no good scientific evidence that learning styles actually exist. Over the last several decades, researchers have proposed dozens of learning styles theories, each suggesting a scheme to categorize learners. If one of these theories were right, it would bring important benefits. Does such matching work? Next, researchers read statements, and participants rated either how easily the statement prompted a mental image (a visual learning experience) or how easy it was to pronounce (an auditory learning experience). Daniel T.
Learning Myths vs. Learning Facts The Learning Styles Myth What exactly are learning styles? Well, that’s not too easily defined and there are many different forms. Looking at research, one of the most popular forms is VAK; visual, auditory, or kinesthetic (1). Other researchers have compiled over seventy different classifications for learning styles (2). 1. I remember attending professional development and explicitly being told to create lessons that reach all three learning styles (VAK). As it turns out, most research shows a lack of evidence in support of learning styles. A Viable Alternative: Learning Strategies So, since learning styles are bunk, is there a viable alternative that reaches learners of all abilities across most curriculums? Here’s an overly simplified overview of a few of the most promising learning strategies: Retrieval Practice ,or practice testing, is a form of low-stakes or no-stakes quizzing that attempts to force retrieval of material from one’s memory. 1. 2. References 1. 2. 3. 4. 6.
No evidence to back idea of learning styles | Letter | Education There is widespread interest among teachers in the use of neuroscientific research findings in educational practice. However, there are also misconceptions and myths that are supposedly based on sound neuroscience that are prevalent in our schools. We wish to draw attention to this problem by focusing on an educational practice supposedly based on neuroscience that lacks sufficient evidence and so we believe should not be promoted or supported. Generally known as “learning styles”, it is the belief that individuals can benefit from receiving information in their preferred format, based on a self-report questionnaire. There are, however, a number of problems with the learning styles approach. These neuromyths may be ineffectual, but they are not low cost. Join the debate – email firstname.lastname@example.org