First Draft News: Education. Information Disorder: The Definitional Toolbox. Over the past eighteen months, issues of trust and truth in the digital age have dominated discussion across industries and around the world. There has been a surge in conferences, reports and funding. However, despite this peak in interest in the subject, progress has been slow. One important realization yet to emerge is that shared definitions and terminology matter. For the policy-makers, technology companies, politicians, journalists, librarians, educators, academics and civil society organizations all wrestling with the challenges caused by false and misleading information, agreeing upon a shared vocabulary is essential. In an effort to help kickstart a conversation about definitions, I co-authored a report last fall that used the umbrella term ‘information disorder’ to describe mis-, dis- and malinformation.
Part 1 – Information Disorder: The Essential Glossary (Medium / PDF)Part 2 – Information Disorder: Mapping the LandscapePart 3 – Information Disorder: Useful Graphics. Facing Facts: An Inside Look At Facebook's Fight Against Misinformation. News Lit Quiz — News Literacy Project. Rate My Sources uwgreenbay.qualtrics. Fake News - Fake News & Fact Checking - Research Guides at Sonoma State University. 1. It can't be verified A fake news article may or may not have links in it tracing its sources; if it dos, these links may not lead to articles outside of the site's domain or may not contain information pertinent to the article topic. 2. Fake news appeals to emotion Fake news plays on your feelings - it makes you angry or happy or scared. 3. Most authors aren't journalists, but paid-trolls. 4. If you look up the main idea of a fake news article, you might not find any other news outlet (real or not) reporting on the issue. 5.
Did the article come from abcnews.com.co? Source: Indiana University. Factitious. Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics. WHICH_IS_WHICH 5 Mags v Journals (Esther Grassian) NoodleTools : Show Me Information Literacy Modules. How to Spot Responsible Journalism and the Fake News Frenzy. Fake News Frenzy of 2017 There were some days in the past year when I felt the whole “Fake News” phenomenon was overworked in our profession. However, I tripped over an article in ProQuest that made me think about writing and research from a journalist’s perspective. The article “Flipside of Fake News … Responsible Journalism” explores the ever-changing news literacy landscape.
Wanting to know more about the journalist’s perspective and the training of future journalists I contacted Dr. Robert Byrd, a professor in the Department of Journalism and Strategic Media at the University of Memphis and he was kind enough to respond to my request for an interview. Below is the transcript of our interview. At the conclusion of the interview, Dr. Hallmarks of Responsible Journalism HANNAH BYRD LITTLE: As a professor of journalism, what are the hallmarks of responsible journalism and how can the reader spot these very specific things? DR. For readers, they should be looking for actual news outlets. Fake News Historical Timeline (Common Sense Education) Civic Online Reasoning. We are in the midst of an information revolution in which we increasingly learn about the world from screens instead of print. If young people are not prepared to critically evaluate the information that bombards them online, they are apt to be duped by false claims and misleading arguments.
To help teachers tackle teaching these critical skills, we’ve developed assessments of civic online reasoning—the ability to judge the credibility of the information that floods young people’s smartphones, tablets, and computer screens. These assessments show students online content—a webpage, a conversation on Facebook, or the comment section of a news article—and ask them to reason about that content. We’ve designed paper tasks as well as tasks that students complete digitally. These tasks are intended for flexible classroom use. Beyond Fake News. Lead Stories. Fake Collections - The Veronica Butcher Fake Sources Collection - Gould Guides at Carleton College. Five Editor-Approved Tips for Media Literacy in Any Class. In 2015, a year before murmurs of “fake news” became omnipresent, textbook publisher McGraw-Hill was under fire for a World Geography book illustration. The section, on patterns of immigration throughout American history, referred to a wave of “immigration” in which African “workers” arrived in the United States.
Parents, students and teachers were outraged by the sugarcoated and outright false history of slavery being shared in classrooms across Texas. This was one incident of false information making its way into schools, but it was far from the first or last. Clickbait headlines and polarizing politics have made it a daunting challenge for teachers to find factual, reliable information inside and outside of the classroom. A class needs to share a foundation of truth. Without this mutually agreed-upon foundation, there is no ground for a teacher to stand on. If a textbook can be wrong, so can a teacher.
Rule #1: Check Your Own Bias First Rule #2: Discuss Who You Can Trust. Top 10 sites to help students check their facts. A Field Guide to “Fake News” and Other Information Disorders. The Cardigan Papers – American history and news literacy meet in the school library, News Use Across Social Media Platforms 2017. As of August 2017, two-thirds (67%) of Americans report that they get at least some of their news on social media – with two-in-ten doing so often, according to a new survey from Pew Research Center. This is a modest increase since early 2016, when (during the height of the presidential primaries) 62% of U.S. adults reported getting news from social media.
While a small increase overall, this growth is driven by more substantial increases among Americans who are older, less educated, and nonwhite. This study is based on a survey conducted August 8-21, 2017, with 4,971 U.S. adults who are members of Pew Research Center’s nationally representative American Trends Panel. For the first time in the Center’s surveys, more than half (55%) of Americans ages 50 or older report getting news on social media sites. Furthermore, about three-quarters of nonwhites (74%) get news on social media sites, up from 64% in 2016. We first look at the share of each site’s users who get news there. Fake News: How A Partying Macedonian Teen Earns Thousands Publishing Lies | NBC News. YALSA Teen Literacies Toolkit. Download the print version (PDF) or view the web version. Created by the Literacies Toolkit Resource Retreat Participants August 2017 About the Kit In this toolkit, we use the “fake news” phenomenon as an approach to addressing multiple literacies.
We re-examine and discuss culturally-inclusive literacies strategies library staff can use with teens to help them make sense of their world and build a robust set of skills as they prepare to enter college or start careers. YALSA would like to thank Hailley Fargo, Kristin Fontichiaro, Jennifer Luetkemeyer, Trent McLees, Renee McGrath, Allison Renner, and Julie Stivers for participating in the creation of this toolkit. Use and Reproduction of the Kit YALSA’s Teen Literacies Toolkit may be reproduced under “fair use” standards. Sample Citation Fargo, Hailley, et. al. For more information about acceptable use of YALSA’s toolkits and resources, please contact ALA’s Rights and Permission Manager at email@example.com. Is This Story Share-Worthy? Flowchart. GRADE LEVEL: Middle and high school TIME: Less than 30 minutes MATERIALS: Is This Story Share-Worthy? Flowchart, either printed on large paper or displayed digitally (download); Is This Story Share-Worthy?
Worksheet (download); selections from Teacher Resource – Examples for Evaluating Online News (download); internet access Review the Is This Story Share-Worthy? Flowchart, including the supporting information for each question (located on the right hand side).Select a variety of news stories for students to evaluate using the flowchart. You can use the examples in the teacher resource or find your own. How to Spot Fake News - FactCheck.org. Fake news is nothing new. But bogus stories can reach more people more quickly via social media than what good old-fashioned viral emails could accomplish in years past. Concern about the phenomenon led Facebook and Google to announce that they’ll crack down on fake news sites, restricting their ability to garner ad revenue. Perhaps that could dissipate the amount of malarkey online, though news consumers themselves are the best defense against the spread of misinformation.
Not all of the misinformation being passed along online is complete fiction, though some of it is. A lot of these viral claims aren’t “news” at all, but fiction, satire and efforts to fool readers into thinking they’re for real. We’ve long encouraged readers to be skeptical of viral claims, and make good use of the delete key when a chain email hits their inboxes.
In 2008, we tried to get readers to rid their inboxes of this kind of garbage. Here’s our advice on how to spot a fake: Consider the source. Check the date. The Problem with Fake News (and how our students can solve it) Red Bank Public Library: Fake News Rsources. Nowadays, finding information on an almost limitless number of issues is as easy as opening a browser on your computer or phone, typing the question you want answered on the subject about which you want to learn, and waiting a second or two for a list of links to be displayed. At this point it is up to the individual to determine which of the links contain accurate, verifiable information, and which contain misleading or outright false information. Some of these determinations are easy. However, it is not unusual for purveyors of false information to cleverly disguise their intentions and deceptive content.
Although it has always been a wise practice for consumers of news to approach the task with a degree of skepticism, the increase in the number of media outlets has made it necessary to find ways of determining the validity of the information obtained from the source. Ideas for E.L.L.s: Finding Reliable Sources in a World of ‘Fake News’ New York Times, January 26, 2017. Fake or Real? Fake News, Alternative Facts and Librarians As Dedicated Defenders of Truth.
Let's be clear, there's no such thing as "alternative facts. " The same fact can be used by different people to support alternative opinions, but the facts don't change. Different people can use the same facts to emphasize alternative ideas or to inform different theories, but the facts remain the same. Facts are non-partisan. Facts alone are neutral. It's what we do with them that becomes controversial. That said, there's a not so old saying that goes "we are drowning in information, but starving for knowledge. " I don't think it's hyperbolic to say that there's a battle being waged between the truth and those who seek to distort it for personal gain.
Regardless of how you choose to tackle this issue, school librarians have an opportunity and obligation to lead the charge in helping grow a generation of students who: cannot be duped by "fake news. " This is our charge. Further reading: The Sift. How false news can spread - Noah Tavlin. Not all scientific studies are created equal - David H. "A popular study from the 1970s that helps sell millions of dollars' worth of fish oil supplements worldwide is deeply flawed, according to a new study being published in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology. The original study, by Danish physicians H.O. Bang and D.J. Dyerburg, claimed Inuit in Greenland had low rates of heart disease because of their diet, which is rich in fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids from eating fish and blubber from whales and seals.
" But there's more! Fake News - LibGuides at William Paterson University. FOG Analysis. CML E-Commerce Web Site - Curricula, Lessons, Activities, Assessment. Google News Lab. IFLA -- How To Spot Fake News. Critical thinking is a key skill in media and information literacy, and the mission of libraries is to educate and advocate its importance. Discussions about fake news has led to a new focus on media literacy more broadly, and the role of libraries and other education institutions in providing this. When Oxford Dictionaries announced post-truth was Word of the Year 2016, we as librarians realise action is needed to educate and advocate for critical thinking – a crucial skill when navigating the information society.
IFLA has made this infographic with eight simple steps (based on FactCheck.org’s 2016 article How to Spot Fake News) to discover the verifiability of a given news-piece in front of you. Download, print, translate, and share – at home, at your library, in your local community, and on social media networks. The more we crowdsource our wisdom, the wiser the world becomes.
Download the infographic Translations. 7 Questions Every Student Should Ask | Scholastic Scope Ideabook. News Literacy - High School. The universe of information we live in is a complicated web of messages with a mind-blowing array of sources, biases, and agendas. Help your students develop the mad news literacy skills they need with the resources in our hot-off-the-press News Literacy unit. Designed for the high school classroom, this unit teaches students to recognize high-standards journalism so they can make informed judgments about the information coming at them. Students get practical skills to help them identify and deal with misinformation, bias, opinion, and more. Each lesson includes a paper activity as well as a web activity (similar to our WebQuests) and an independent web-based activity so your students can get real-world, hands-on practice. Got a 1:1 classroom?
This resource was created with support from the Raab Family Foundation. Web Literacy - Mozilla Learning. Help Students Spot Student Fake News. A recent study by the Stanford History Education Group titled Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning, pronounced the nation's students' ability to research as "dismal" or "bleak". In the executive summary, released on November 22, 2016, the researchers stated: "When thousands of students respond to dozens of tasks there are endless variations. That was certainly the case in our experience. However, at each level—middle school, high school, and college—these variations paled in comparison to a stunning and dismaying consistency. Overall, young people’s ability to reason about the information on the Internet can be summed up in one word: bleak.
" To complicate these findings, the recent proliferation of fake news and phony websites is making research for short-term or long-term projects in any academic discipline much more difficult. The executive summary of the report by SHEG concluded: Is the Information Accurate? Where does the information originate?
Lesson Plans: Evaluating News Sources | Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers. A Rough Guide to Spotting Bad Science. A Rough Guide to Types of Scientific Evidence. How to outsmart fake news in your Facebook feed - CNN. Get Your Own 'Is This Story Share-Worthy?' Poster - NewseumED. AllSides | Balanced news, issues and opinions, media bias ratings, political news.
Checkology® Virtual Classroom | The News Literacy Project. How to Teach Media Literacy in a Virtual Classroom. The Course Pack for Spring 2017 | Stony Brook Center for News Literacy. RADAR Framework - Evaluating Sources: Using the RADAR Framework - LibGuides at Loyola Marymount University. Web Evaluation: Does This Website Smell Funny to You? Kathy Schrock's 5Ws of Web Evaluation. News literacy rules of thumb. Choose Your News: A Media Literacy HyperDoc - Google Slides. CRAAP Test. Whois Lookup, Domain Availability & IP Search - DomainTools. Craig Silverman (craigsilverman) on BuzzFeed. News literacy vocabulary to introduce in talking about credibility.
Fact-checking U.S. politics. Fact Checker. The definitive fact-checking site and reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation. Latest Email Hoaxes - Current Internet Scams - Hoax-Slayer. FactCheck.org - A Project of The Annenberg Public Policy Center. Evaluative, Annotated Works Cited. Current events analysis. On student scrutiny: two strategies.