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History of the Separation of Church and State in America By - March 27, 2004
Benedict Arnold (January 14, 1741 [ O.S. January 3, 1740] [ 1 ] [ 2 ] – June 14, 1801) was a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but defected to the British Army . While a general on the American side, he obtained command of the fort at West Point, New York , and plotted to surrender it to the British forces. After the plot was exposed in September 1780, he was commissioned into the British Army as a brigadier general.
The Boston Massacre , known as the Incident on King Street by the British, was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five civilian men and injured six others. British troops had been stationed in Boston , capital of the Province of Massachusetts Bay , since 1768 in order to protect and support crown-appointed colonial officials attempting to enforce unpopular Parliamentary legislation. Amid ongoing tense relations between the population and the soldiers, a mob formed around a British sentry, who was subjected to verbal abuse and harassment.
The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) conclusively decided the fate of British General John Burgoyne 's army in the American War of Independence and are generally regarded as a turning point in the war. The battles were fought eighteen days apart on the same ground, 9 miles (14 km) south of Saratoga, New York . Burgoyne's campaign to divide New England from the southern colonies had started well, but slowed due to logistical problems.