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6,000-year-old fabric reveals Peruvians were dyeing textiles with indigo long before Egyptians. Take a good look at the piece of cloth pictured at the top of this story.

6,000-year-old fabric reveals Peruvians were dyeing textiles with indigo long before Egyptians

That was made 6,000 years ago by people living on the coast of Peru. Now check out those faint blue lines running through it. Yes, they’re washed out, but you can still see them. An Isolated Tribe Emerges from the Rain Forest. Before Nicolás (Shaco) Flores was killed, deep in the Peruvian rain forest, he had spent decades reaching out to the mysterious people called the Mashco Piro.

An Isolated Tribe Emerges from the Rain Forest

Flores lived in the Madre de Dios region—a vast jungle surrounded by an even vaster wilderness, frequented mostly by illegal loggers, miners, narco-traffickers, and a few adventurers. For more than a hundred years, the Mashco had lived in almost complete isolation; there were rare sightings, but they were often indistinguishable from backwoods folklore. Flores, a farmer and a river guide, was a self-appointed conduit between the Mashco and the region’s other indigenous people, who lived mostly in riverside villages. He provided them with food and machetes, and tried to lure them out of the forest. Sarayaku: People of the Zenith.

"When others have surrendered, Sarayaku will not back down.

Sarayaku: People of the Zenith

" Deep in Ecuador's Amazon rainforest live the Kichwa people of Sarayaku. Their name means "pueblo del medio dia," or the People of the Zenith, after the time when the sun reaches its highest point above their forestlands. As in other parts of the Amazon, in 1996 the Ecuadorian government imposed oil concession blocks in Sarayaku territory without permission of the 1,200 people who live there. The Sarayaku people only learned that their land had been opened for oil exploration when the helicopters arrived, followed by men with guns. HOW TO LET GO OF THE WORLD AND LOVE ALL THE THINGS CLIMATE CAN'T CHANGE trailer. Peru: Mercury poisoning “epidemic” sweeps tribe. A huge proportion of the Nahua tribe have been affected by the poisoning, which causes anemia and acute kidney problems © Johan Wildhagen Up to 80% of a recently-contacted tribe in Peru have been poisoned with mercury, raising serious concerns for the future of the tribe.

Peru: Mercury poisoning “epidemic” sweeps tribe

One child has already died displaying symptoms consistent with mercury poisoning. Olmec. The ancient Olmec Civilization. The ancient Olmec civilization is now considered to be one of the earliest great civilizations in Mesoamerica.

The ancient Olmec Civilization

This civilization came and went long before the Aztec empire was even thought of, and yet they left their mark on the peoples of Mexico and beyond, and developed a complex culture which is still echoed today, probably in ways we don't yet even realize. Ancient Olmec Trade and Economy. Ancient Olmec Trade and Economy: The Olmec culture thrived in the humid lowlands of Mexico's gulf coast from about 1200-400 B.C.

Ancient Olmec Trade and Economy

They were great artists and talented engineers who had a complex religion and worldview. Olmecs. Two Indigenous Solar Engineers Changed Their Village in Chile. Liliana Terán, left, and her cousin Luisa, members of the Atacameño indigenous people, are grassroots solar engineers trained at the Barefoot College in northwest India.

Two Indigenous Solar Engineers Changed Their Village in Chile

By installing solar panels in their northern Chilean village, Caspana, they have changed their own lives and those of their fellow villagers. (Photo: Marianela Jarroud/IPS) Liliana and Luisa Terán, two indigenous women from northern Chile who travelled to India for training in installing solar panels, have not only changed their own future but that of Caspana, their remote village nestled in a stunning valley in the Atacama desert. "It was hard for people to accept what we learned in India," Liliana Terán told IPS. "At first they rejected it, because we're women. Isolated tribespeople receiving care after violent contact in Brazil. In the wake of several encounters, Brazilian government workers are tending to 21 formerly isolated Korubo people in a remote corner of the Brazilian Amazon.

Isolated tribespeople receiving care after violent contact in Brazil

A recent statement by the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI), the Brazilian agency charged with protecting indigenous peoples, reports that settled Matis villagers had attacked Korubo last December, leaving at least eight dead. Cultures and peoples of South America. This is What Michael Jackson Sounds Like in Quechua. Even the youngs think Quechua is cool.

This is What Michael Jackson Sounds Like in Quechua

Researchers confirm: The Largest Pyramid in Mexico has been found. Incas. Incas. For Inca Road Builders, Extreme Terrain Was No Obstacle : Parallels. The Inca were innovators in agriculture as well as engineering.

For Inca Road Builders, Extreme Terrain Was No Obstacle : Parallels

Terracing like this, on a steep hillside in Peru's Colca Canyon, helped them grow food. Doug McMains/Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian hide caption itoggle caption Doug McMains/Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian The Inca were innovators in agriculture as well as engineering. Terracing like this, on a steep hillside in Peru's Colca Canyon, helped them grow food. Doug McMains/Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian One of history's greatest engineering feats is one you rarely hear of. Tarlton Law Library - Aztec and Maya Law - online exhibit. The Aztec empire was made up of a series of city-states known as altepetl. Each altepetl was ruled by a supreme leader (tlatoani) and a supreme judge and administrator (cihuacoatl).

The tlatoani of the capital city of Tenochtitlan served as the Emperor (Huey Tlatoani) of the Aztec empire. The tlatoani was the ultimate owner of all land in his city-state, received tribute, oversaw markets and temples, led the military, and resolved judicial disputes. The tlatoani were required to be from the noble class and of royal lineage. Once a tlatoani was selected, he served his city-state for life. New emperors were elected by a high council of four nobles who were related to the previous ruler.

Sources: Aguilar-Moreno (2006), Almazan (1999), Avalos (1994), and Seus (1969). Nahuatl (Aztec) Family. The Nahuatl (or Nahua) languages form the southernmost family of the Uto-Aztecan stock. Nahuatl has over a million and a half speakers, more than any other family of indigenous languages in Mexico today. The name “Nahuatl” (pronounced in two syllables, ná-watl) comes from the root nahua ([nawa]) which means ‘clear sound’ or ‘command’. DEATH WHISTLE. Yanomami Tribes Amazon 2015.