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What Japanese history lessons leave out. Japanese people often fail to understand why neighbouring countries harbour a grudge over events that happened in the 1930s and 40s.

What Japanese history lessons leave out

The reason, in many cases, is that they barely learned any 20th Century history. I myself only got a full picture when I left Japan and went to school in Australia. From Homo erectus to the present day - more than a million years of history in just one year of lessons. That is how, at the age of 14, I first learned of Japan's relations with the outside world. For three hours a week - 105 hours over the year - we edged towards the 20th Century. It's hardly surprising that some classes, in some schools, never get there, and are told by teachers to finish the book in their spare time. When I returned recently to my old school, Sacred Heart in Tokyo, teachers told me they often have to start hurrying, near the end of the year, to make sure they have time for World War II. There was also just one sentence on the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

War music: the humanity, heroism and propaganda behind Shostakovich’s Symphony No 7. When Shostakovich played the first two movements of his Seventh Symphony to his friends in the besieged city of Leningrad in the summer of 1941, his performance was interrupted by a German bombardment.

War music: the humanity, heroism and propaganda behind Shostakovich’s Symphony No 7

As the air-raid sirens began to blare after he had finished playing the gigantic first movement – music that dramatises, parodies and immortalises the German invasion – he assured his audience that he would return to play the second just as soon as the warning had stopped and he had taken his wife and children to the shelter. As one of his listeners that day, the critic and composer Valerian Bogdanov-Berezovsky, later wrote, the Seventh Symphony “is an extraordinary example of a synchronised, instant creative reaction to events as they are being lived through, transmitted in a complex, large-scale form, yet without the slightest hint of compromising the standard of the genre”.

People's Century Part 10 1939 Total War. BBC Schools - Life in the trenches. 31 October 2014Last updated at 15:07 Two British soldiers standing in a flooded communication trench during World War One On the Western Front, the war was fought in trenches. Trenches were long, narrow ditches dug into the ground where soldiers lived all day and night.

There were many lines of German trenches on one side and many lines of Allied trenches on the other. In the middle, was no man's land, so-called because it did not belong to either army. Rest. Life in the Trenches. Life in the trenches during the First World War took many forms, and varied widely from sector to sector and from front to front.

Life in the Trenches

Undoubtedly, it was entirely unexpected for those eager thousands who signed up for war in August 1914. A War of Movement? Indeed, the Great War - a phrase coined even before it had begun - was expected to be a relatively short affair and, as with most wars, one of great movement. The First World War was typified however by its lack of movement, the years of stalemate exemplified on the Western Front from autumn 1914 until spring 1918.

Not that there wasn't movement at all on the Western Front during 1914-18; the war began dramatically with sweeping advances by the Germans through Belgium and France en route for Paris. People's Century. Text versionAbout the Series | Episodes | Timeline | Your Stories | Thematic Overview | Teacher's Guide People's Century | WGBH | PBS Online | Search PBS | Feedback | Shop | ©

People's Century

People's Century. The following lesson focuses on a program segment about the evacuation of children from war zones, the drafting of British women to produce military equipment, and the bombings of London and Plymouth.

People's Century

European citizens recall their experiences. Discussion Before Watching 1. The Impact of Total War - Dictionary definition of The Impact of Total War. World War II Reference Library COPYRIGHT 2000 The Gale Group Inc.

The Impact of Total War - Dictionary definition of The Impact of Total War

World War II was larger than previous wars and was fought in more parts of the world. But it was different in another way, too. It came closer than any prior conflict to being a total war. Homepage - anne frank. 80 years later, the Nazi war crime at Guernica still matters. Want smart analysis of the most important news in your inbox every weekday along with other global reads, interesting ideas and opinions to know?

80 years later, the Nazi war crime at Guernica still matters

Sign up for the Today's WorldView newsletter. The Nazi aircraft appeared above Guernica in the late afternoon of April 26, 1937. It was market day in the historic Basque town, with hundreds of residents congregated in the central square. They couldn't have imagined what was about to happen: Over the next three hours, the planes dropped 100,000 pounds of high-explosive and incendiary bombs, reducing Guernica to a smoldering ruin. Britain's Home Front in WW1. The most haunting account of the trenches you'll ever read - from a brilliant anthology by Birdsong author Sebastian Faulks  They are the forgotten voices of World War I, brought to life in a heart-rending new anthology.

The most haunting account of the trenches you'll ever read - from a brilliant anthology by Birdsong author Sebastian Faulks 

On Saturday, we heard from a war poet’s wife on their last hours together before he went off to die. Art and Trauma: Creativity As a Resiliency Factor. A perception of artists as eccentric, different, and living on the social periphery seems to precede this group outside of therapy and, likely, within the context of treatment as well.

Art and Trauma: Creativity As a Resiliency Factor

There seems to be an unspoken premise that ingenuity is motivated by pain or pathology, or at least some might argue there is a sort of affiliation. Some might assume that this relationship is causal: that trauma causes creativity and thus most artists are contending with some type of affliction. Extracts from the diary of Anne Frank (1942-44) The following extracts are taken from the diary of Anne Frank between 1942 and 1944, when she lived in hiding in Amsterdam with her family.

Extracts from the diary of Anne Frank (1942-44)

The Franks were discovered, arrested and transported to Auschwitz on August 4th 1944. July 8th 1942: “At three o’clock (Hello had left but was supposed to come back later), the doorbell rang. I didn’t hear it, since I was out on the balcony, lazily reading in the sun. War artists. Introduction In Britain official government-sponsored schemes were established for artists to record both the First and Second World Wars. The Imperial War Museum has continued to commission artists to record the events of war in more recent conflicts. As well as providing fascinating documentation of war time activities and events, much of the work produced by war artists is also interesting and important as art.

First World War During the First World War, two main streams of activity produced official war art. Second World War: Art. Art forever changed by World War I. A scene from “All Quiet on the Western Front” from 1930. (Universal Pictures, Universal…) Along with millions of idealistic young men who were cut to pieces by machine guns and obliterated by artillery shells, there was another major casualty of World War I: traditional ideas about Western art. The Great War of 1914-18 tilted culture on its axis, particularly in Europe and the United States. Nearly 100 years later, that legacy is being wrestled with in film, visual art, music, television shows like the gauzily nostalgic PBS soaper "Downton Abbey" and plays including the Tony Award-winning"War Horse," concluding its run at the Ahmanson Theatre.

"It created an epoch in art," said Leo Braudy, a USC professor of English and author of "From Chivalry to Terrorism: War and the Changing Nature of Masculinity. " Particularly in his country, he said, World War I resonates louder than the even greater cataclysm that followed it 20 years later. The Art of World War One in 52 Paintings. First World War Art. War Art - Online Exhibition, National WWI Museum. The first special exhibition of the new National World War I Museum opened in 2006 in Exhibit Hall, one of the original, 1926 Liberty Memorial buildings. War Art drew completely from the Museum’s rich collections to examine a WWI topic in more detail. From the “high art” of such luminaries as France’s Pierre Carrier-Belleuse to the etched mess kit of an unknown American soldier to so-called “trench art,” this exhibit illustrated a wide range of pieces created during and after the war. A military historian once asserted, “Art and war are old companions.

Battlefields and soldiers have been popular subjects with artists since earliest times.” Here are a few examples from our extensive collections: “Sergeant Ian MacGregor” (1921 – oil). History - The Home Front (pictures, video, facts & news) Total War and Effects. Total war. History - World Wars: The Western Front and the Birth of Total War. Wilfred Owen - Poet. The War Poet Association. The Great War . Educational Resources . Lesson Plan 3. Download/Print this Lesson (pdf) | Adobe Reader required World War I crossed boundaries across the globe, not sparing most in its wake, civilians and military alike. Death poem.