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World War I

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Firstthings.com The Great War Revisited. How Modern Weapons Changed Combat In The First World War. The opening months of the First World War caused profound shock due to the huge casualties caused by modern weapons.

How Modern Weapons Changed Combat In The First World War

Losses on all fronts for the year 1914 topped five million, with a million men killed. This was a scale of violence unknown in any previous war. The cause was to be found in the lethal combination of mass armies and modern weaponry. Chief among that latter was quick-firing artillery. This used recuperating mechanisms to absorb recoil and return the barrel to firing position after each shot. Shells were also more effective than ever before. The deadly effectiveness of these weapons was not fully realised until the armies clashed. The terrible casualties sustained in open warfare meant that, within four months, soldiers on all fronts had begun to protect themselves by digging trenches. How Britain Invented The Tank In The First World War. The concept of a vehicle to provide troops with both mobile protection and firepower was not a new one.

How Britain Invented The Tank In The First World War

But in the First World War, the increasing availability of the internal combustion engine, armour plate and the continuous track, as well as the problem of trench warfare, combined to facilitate the production of the tank. The name 'tank' came from British attempts to ensure the secrecy of the new weapons under the guise of water tanks.

During the First World War, Britain began the serious development of the tank. Ironically, the Royal Navy led the way with the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, establishing the Landships Committee in early 1915. The military combined with engineers and industrialists and by early 1916 a prototype was adopted as the design of future tanks. As production increased and reliability improved, they were used in greater numbers. France began development in late 1915, eventually creating the Renault FT light tank. These everyday objects bring a century of Irish history to life online. DIARIES, PHOTOS, POSTERS and pamphlets tell the story of a changing Ireland in two new online exhibitions launched earlier this week.

These everyday objects bring a century of Irish history to life online

Trinity College Dublin and the Little Museum of Dublin have made hundreds of historic exhibits available through the Google Cultural Institute, an online depository of millions of important cultural artefacts from across the world. War recruitment posters are among the over 80 WWI items from Trinity’s rare books and manuscripts collections that were digitised as part of the initiative. Source: Google Cultural Institute/Trinity College Dublin Source: Google Cultural Institute/Trinity College Dublin Source: Google Cultural Institute/Trinity College Dublin Trinity’s exhibits include previously unpublished letters and diaries from Irish soldiers serving in France, Iraq and Palestine. Letter from Charles Howard Bury in France Source: Google Cultural Institute/Trinity College Dublin Source: Google Cultural Institute/Trinity College Dublin.

The African soldiers dragged into Europe's war. More than one million people died in East Africa during World War One.

The African soldiers dragged into Europe's war

Some soldiers were forced to fight members of their own families on the battlefield because of the way borders were drawn up by European colonial powers, writes Oswald Masebo. I was born and raised in a simple home in the rural district of Ileje about 1,000km from Dar es Salaam, in south-west Tanzania. The district is at the border with Malawi where the hilly plateaus of Ileje and Rungwe districts rise above the plains of Lake Nyasa and Kyela district. My family has made a living from the land of Ileje for generations. During World War One, Ileje and the surrounding environments became a battle ground between German forces and British allied forces from Malawi. Although the war began in 1914, it was the battles fought in 1915 and 1916 which were most intense and which had grave consequences to the generation of my great-grandparents. "Our parents narrated to us a lot about this war.

India and the First World War. The Great War inhabits an elusive space in India today.

India and the First World War

Not entirely forgotten nor actively remembered, it oscillates between memory and oblivion. However, the buzz surrounding the Centenary celebrations in India raised some important questions about how we remember our past and forget it at the same time. The First World War is a relatively unnoticed event in an otherwise historic timeline of Indian events.

At one level, there has been a gap in our understanding of the Great War and its wide ranging socio-political impact on India. Unbeknownst to many, it was one of the starting points for many constitutional changes that were introduced in India at this time. At another level, First World War amnesia obscures a larger unawareness of India’s military history. Although organised on a modest scale, the commemorations have highlighted the still widely felt unease associated with India’s role in the War. Like this: Like Loading... Inventions of World War I spanned from front lines back to the American home front. Wars spur inventions, especially weapons of destruction.

Inventions of World War I spanned from front lines back to the American home front

“Wartime is a time frame that certainly encourages invention,” said Lora Vogt, curator of education at the National World War I Museum and Memorial, in Kansas City, Mo. In World War I, tanks clanked across battlefields, machine guns came into their prime as tools of death, mustard gas poisoned soldiers, and gasoline-powered vehicles transported people and supplies rather than horses and wagons. But nonlethal inventions in World War I made their way back to the home front, local historians said this week.

A lot of the inventions were crafted before the war, Vogt said. “But it is in wartime that these innovations become more widely used,” Vogt said. A display opening this week at the Kansas Museum of History notes the inventions. “We tried to pick things that children would recognize today,” said Nikaela Zimmerman, registrar at the Kansas Museum of History. How World War I Shapes U.S. Foreign Policy. In the spring of 2015, my undergraduate son and I drove the length of the 1914-1918 Western Front, from the British battlefields in Flanders through the French zone in Champagne and Lorraine to the American cemeteries and monuments: Chateau-Thierry, St.

How World War I Shapes U.S. Foreign Policy

Quentin, Belleau Wood, the Argonne. The nearer we approached the American sector, the fewer tourists shared the sites with us. Under the Menin gate at Ypres—a massive memorial to Britain’s lost—we were jostled among half a thousand men and women, boys and girls. In the overwhelming Meuse-Argonne cemetery, the largest American military burying place in all Europe, we stood alone. The Perfectly Preserved World War I Trench. Sanctuary Wood, Ypres, Belgium, where trenches have been preserved since World War One.

The Perfectly Preserved World War I Trench

(Photo: John Gomez/shutterstock.com) The fields of Northern France and Belgium still bear many of the scars of last century’s Great War, but they are a faint reminder of battle carnage on the Western Front. After the Armistice, farmers returned to find their fields and villages totally destroyed by four years of trench warfare. Craters mark spots where artillery shells exploded but much of the area is now covered over with grass, hedgerows and forests.

Except for one place. In 1919, a Belgian farmer called Schier returned to his land on a hill over looking the ancient medieval city of Ypres, and simply left it as it was. 100 Years Ago Today: Italy enters the First World War. Italy entered hostilities on the Allied side on May 23rd 1915, declaring war on the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

100 Years Ago Today: Italy enters the First World War

Battle of Gallipoli diaries tell how Olympic gold-medallist rower Frederick Kelly went to war. Frederick Kelly composed an elegy in memory of Rupert Brooke (McLaren Books) Gallipoli oak is a permanent legacy to a son's sacrifice They also provide a revealing insider’s account of the self-styled “Latin Club” of artists and classicists who served together in the Royal Naval Division, including Kelly, Rupert Brooke, the poet, and Arthur Asquith, the Prime Minister’s son.

Battle of Gallipoli diaries tell how Olympic gold-medallist rower Frederick Kelly went to war