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Sharecropping and tenant farming

Sharecropping and tenant farming
Sharecropping was common throughout the South well into the twentieth century, and required the work of entire families. In this famous photograph, a six year-old girl picks cotton in Oklahoma. (Photograph by Lewis W. Hine. More about the photograph) After the Civil War, thousands of former slaves and white farmers forced off their land by the bad economy lacked the money to purchase the farmland, seeds, livestock, and equipment they needed to begin farming. Tenant farmers usually paid the landowner rent for farmland and a house. Sharecroppers seldom owned anything. Over the years, low crop yields and unstable crop prices forced more farmers into tenancy. Next: Life on the land: Voices Related:  Cotton and Share Cropping

Sharecropping Civil War Soldiers Database - American Civil War Service Records Sharecropping Sharecropping was an agricultural labor system that developed in Georgia and throughout the South following Reconstruction and lasted until the mid-twentieth century. Under this arrangement, laborers with no land of their own worked on farm plots owned by others, and at the end of the season landowners paid workers a share of the crop. Origins Sharecropping evolved following the failure of both the contract labor system and land reform after the Civil War (1861-65). Sharecropping developed, then, as a system that theoretically benefited both parties. Though the system developed from immediate postwar contingencies, it defined the agricultural system in rural Georgia for close to 100 years. The Labor System The particulars of sharecropping agreements differed from place to place and over time, but generally those workers who could offer nothing but their ability to perform farm tasks made arrangements that overwhelmingly favored the landlord. Sharecropper Life End of Sharecropping

History <span><a target="_self" href="/index.html">Home</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Events.html">Events</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Leasing.html">Leasing</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Concerts.html">Concerts</a> | <a target="_self" href="/photography.html">Photography</a> | <a target="_self" href="/History.html">History</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Links.html">Links</a> | <a target="_self" href="/contact.html">Contact Us</a></span> Cotton mills became the key to industrializing the post-reconstruction South in the 1880s. Promoted by local investors to turn agricultural products into finished goods, cotton mill fever spread across the cotton producing states of Georgia, Alabama and the Carolinas. By the early 1900s, Texas embarked on a twenty-year cotton mill campaign. City leaders hoped to bring jobs to communities while keeping Texas' top agricultural product within the state for processing. Click the photograph above to read article about the Cotton Mill in McKinney Living Magazine

Carpetbaggers & Scalawags - American Civil War In general, the term “carpetbagger” refers to a traveler who arrives in a new region with only a satchel (or carpetbag) of possessions, and who attempts to profit from or gain control over his new surroundings, often against the will or consent of the original inhabitants. After 1865, a number of northerners moved to the South to purchase land, lease plantations or partner with down-and-out planters in the hopes of making money from cotton. At first they were welcomed, as southerners saw the need for northern capital and investment to get the devastated region back on its feet. They later became an object of much scorn, as many southerners saw them as low-class and opportunistic newcomers seeking to get rich on their misfortune.

Carpetbagger 101 Interesting Facts about the Civil War The Civil War was the bloodiest war ever fought on American soil. During an average day during the war, approximately 600 people were killed. By the end of the war, over 618,000 people had died. The Civil War is also known as "The Boy's War" The youngest soldier in the Civil War was a 9-year-old boy from Mississippi. Veteran incarceration rates rose after the Civil War Immediately after the war, 2 out of 3 men sentenced to state prisons in the North were Civil War veterans.d The term “carpetbagger” was used pejoratively by Southerners to describe opportunistic Northerners who moved to the South during Reconstruction. Lincoln imposed the first federal income tax After the Southern states seceded, both the United States and the Confederacy instituted the first ever national income tax. Dr. Richard Gatling hoped his invention would end the war The Gatling gun was a Civil War invention.

Reconstruction - American Civil War At the outset of the Civil War, to the dismay of the more radical abolitionists in the North, President Abraham Lincoln did not make abolition of slavery a goal of the Union war effort. To do so, he feared, would drive the border slave states still loyal to the Union into the Confederacy and anger more conservative northerners. By the summer of 1862, however, the slaves themselves had pushed the issue, heading by the thousands to the Union lines as Lincoln’s troops marched through the South. Emancipation changed the stakes of the Civil War, ensuring that a Union victory would mean large-scale social revolution in the South.

Related:  ReconstructionReconstructionReconstructionTenant FarmingSharecroppingReconstructionReconstructionnataliezhaoReconstruction