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Sharecropping and tenant farming

Sharecropping and tenant farming
Sharecropping was common throughout the South well into the twentieth century, and required the work of entire families. In this famous photograph, a six year-old girl picks cotton in Oklahoma. (Photograph by Lewis W. Hine. More about the photograph) After the Civil War, thousands of former slaves and white farmers forced off their land by the bad economy lacked the money to purchase the farmland, seeds, livestock, and equipment they needed to begin farming. Tenant farmers usually paid the landowner rent for farmland and a house. Sharecroppers seldom owned anything. Over the years, low crop yields and unstable crop prices forced more farmers into tenancy. Next: Life on the land: Voices Related:  Cotton and Share Cropping

History <span><a target="_self" href="/index.html">Home</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Events.html">Events</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Leasing.html">Leasing</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Concerts.html">Concerts</a> | <a target="_self" href="/photography.html">Photography</a> | <a target="_self" href="/History.html">History</a> | <a target="_self" href="/Links.html">Links</a> | <a target="_self" href="/contact.html">Contact Us</a></span> Cotton mills became the key to industrializing the post-reconstruction South in the 1880s. Promoted by local investors to turn agricultural products into finished goods, cotton mill fever spread across the cotton producing states of Georgia, Alabama and the Carolinas. By the early 1900s, Texas embarked on a twenty-year cotton mill campaign. City leaders hoped to bring jobs to communities while keeping Texas' top agricultural product within the state for processing. Click the photograph above to read article about the Cotton Mill in McKinney Living Magazine

Picking Cotton By Hand In The South Working In The Cotton Fields When we got to the field to work, each person was given a big sack to hold the cotton as it was picked. These were just big sacks with a strap that went over the shoulder. I remember the cotton field as a happy place. At noon, we would hear the dinner bell. At 5 p.m. another bell would sound. I Have Happy Memories Of My Childhood When I Picked Cotton Now when I look at the sprig of cotton in the vase I am transported back to a time in my life when I was a happy child. If you enjoyed reading about my picking cotton in the South, please rate it by using the Stars below. Thank you very much. Untitled Document Have you ever thought about where the clothes you and your family wear come from, or the dressing you put on your salad, or the sheets you crawl under at night before you go to sleep? It comes from cotton! Cotton…the most important and widely used fiber ever known to man. Cotton is used for thousands of things, including clothes, space suits for astronauts and ingredients in the food we eat. How it is grown, cultivated, harvested and finally processed into cloth and other co-products is what you will be learning about in this story of cotton and Cotton’s Journey - A Field Trip in a Box. Cotton is a plant, it grows wild in many places on the earth, but it has been known about, cultivated and put to use by people of many lands for centuries. Scientists and historians have found shreds of cloth or written reference to cotton dating back at least seven-thousand years. Cotton was grown by American Indians in the early 1500’s, documented from sightings by the Coronado expedition 1540-42.

Osborn - World of the Tenant Farmer Cotton farming was vital to the industrial development of Texas, and in Bastrop County it was one of the more lucrative industries. But before the advent of mechanized harvesting, it required hard, grinding labor to bring in a cotton crop. Between 1840 and 1865, the work fell on the available pool of African-American slaves. During the late-nineteenth century, many of the tenant farmers were former slaves, but in time many of these workers left for better jobs in the developing cities. At the turn-of-the-century, a reserve of low-paid Mexican labor existed across the border and was an important factor in the development of large-scale agriculture in south and central Texas. Throughout the 1920s and well into the post-World War II years, this large pool of agricultural workers made cotton the premiere industry Texas, and the Mexican workers the laborers of choice. As explained by Pete Martínez, Jr., a former resident of the T. You see that's all the Mexican people did.

Texas Cotton Gin Museum Frequently Asked Questions The following questions have been compiled from those asked during tours at our visitor center and museum. If you would like further information on any of the questions listed below – or if you would like to ask a question of your own….please contact us at our e-mail address and we will be glad to get an answer back to you. Send inquiries to: burtoncottongin@earthlink.net When do you plant cotton? In the Burton area cotton was planted during the full moon of Easter (Good Friday) or usually around the first of April. How long does it take for cotton to grow? Usually about 3 months. Is there really a bug called a “boll weevil” or is that just made up in a song? Unfortunately – YES. Was the Burton Farmers Gin the 1st gin built in Texas? No …..By 1912 there were over 4,000 gins in Texas! Why do they call it a cotton “gin”? Is the Burton Farmers Gin made of wood or metal? Actually …both! Was the gin always powered by the 125 horse power Bessemer Type IV oil engine? Yes!

Another Cotton Picking Day! by Norris Chambers (Old Timer's Tales) Very few people under the age of "Senior Citizen" have ever picked cotton. The cotton patch is now harvested by machine, about the same way as grain, potatoes and other back breaking gatherings. But it wasn't always that way. We didn't raise cotton. There were two ways of picking cotton - actually picking the cotton out of the bolls and pulling boll and all. When we went to the cotton patch, we took a "sack" made of heavy cotton ducking. Cotton scales were simple balance type devices that were hung from the propped up tongue of the wagon. In low areas, or areas where the soil was richer, the cotton tended to grow much taller and produced much better. When the weigher announced that there was enough cotton in the wagon for a bale, the team was hitched and the load started on its way to the gin. Schools began late in the year so the kids could help with the cotton picking. When the picking was over, it wasn't really over. The cotton was unloaded at the gin with a large vacuum tube.

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