Meet GPT-3. It Has Learned to Code (and Blog and Argue). Before asking GPT-3 to generate new text, you can focus it on particular patterns it may have learned during its training, priming the system for certain tasks.
You can feed it descriptions of smartphone apps and the matching Figma code. Or you can show it reams of human dialogue. Then, when you start typing, it will complete the sequence in a more specific way. If you prime it with dialogue, for instance, it will start chatting with you. “It has this emergent quality,” said Dario Amodei, vice president for research at OpenAI. Previous language models worked in similar ways. “It exhibits a capability that no one thought possible,” said Ilya Sutskever, OpenAI’s chief scientist and a key figure in the rise of artificial intelligence technologies over the past decade. 50 Cognitive Biases in the Modern World.
Cognitive biases are widely accepted as something that makes us human.
Can we have net zero emissions and still fly? When you think about things that are quintessentially British, you probably would not immediately put “flying” into that category – but you should.
We Brits don’t just like flying, we love it. Data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) shows that more Britons flew abroad last year than any other nationality. Roughly one in every dozen air passengers was British. Britons took to the skies 126.2m times in 2018, beating Americans and Chinese people into second and third place. Why water is one of the weirdest things in the Universe - BBC Reel. Amazing insights about our Universe.
Why water is so strangeScience journalist Alok Jha investigates why water is so incredibly weird.Now Playing Mars: 'The seven minutes of terror'How long does it take to get to Mars and why is it so difficult? Updated TOK posters for new course – Google Drive. TOK ESSAY ADVICE. May 2019 ToK. How Many Psychology Studies Are Wrong? In the wake of several scandals in psychology research, scientists are asking themselves just how much of their research is valid.
In the past 10 years, dozens of studies in the psychology field have been retracted, and several high-profile studies have not stood up to scrutiny when outside researchers tried to replicate the research. By selectively excluding study subjects or amending the experimental procedure after designing the study, researchers in the field may be subtly biasing studies to get more positive findings. And once research results are published, journals have little incentive to publish replication studies, which try to check the results. That means the psychology literature may be littered with effects, or conclusions, that aren't real. Playlists.
The "Red Herring" Fallacy. PBS Digital Studios. 31 logical fallacies in 8 minutes. The Constant Workout – Investigating Knowledge. A long-running debate in the linguistics community is centered around something called the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, after Edward Sapir and his erstwhile student Benjamin Lee Whorf, two famous linguists who first formulated it most explicitly in the first half of the 20th century.
Loosely put, the question is whether we experience the world around us through whichever language we happen to speak (as Sapir and Whorf believed), or if our mental “world views” are fundamentally language-independent. In other words, does language shape our thoughts? Or do our thoughts – the product of some underlying cognitive processes common to all – shape our language? How Philosophy Can Reduce Your Confirmation Bias. The Meaning of Knowledge: Crash Course Philosophy #7. May 2021 TOK essay titles - cookbook. The Trust Project. External Resources Below we’ve collected some highly regarded, useful polls and other research on trust in the news and related trends.
Gallup News Media Viewed as Biased but Crucial to Democracy (2020) Americans Say it’s Important for the News Media to Reflect Diversity (2020) American Views 2020: Trust, Media and Democracy (2020) U.S Media Trust Continues to Recover (2018) Facts v feelings: how to stop our emotions misleading us. By the spring of 2020, the high stakes involved in rigorous, timely and honest statistics had suddenly become all too clear.
A new coronavirus was sweeping the world. Politicians had to make their most consequential decisions in decades, and fast. Many of those decisions depended on data detective work that epidemiologists, medical statisticians and economists were scrambling to conduct. Tens of millions of lives were potentially at risk. How to be indistractable. Self-explore Identifying the triggers that made you feel bad in the first place requires self-exploration.
When you notice yourself feeling distracted, pause and ask yourself what you’re feeling. How self-control can actually unleash your dark side - BBC Worklife. Toxic workplace Bègue emphasises that this research needs to be replicated before we can draw general conclusions about human nature, but it is interesting to speculate whether traits like high self-control could predict someone’s involvement in many everyday acts of immorality – large and small.
It would all depend on the strength of the social norms, says Lane. “I do think these results could generalise to other behaviours if people could convince themselves they were victimless crimes that others already do,” says Lane. Caged Congolese teen: Why a zoo took 114 years to apologise. Image copyright Library of Congress Ota Benga was kidnapped from what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1904 and taken to the US to be exhibited. Journalist Pamela Newkirk, who has written extensively about the subject, looks at the attempts over the decades to cover up what happened to him.
More than a century after it drew international headlines for exhibiting a young African man in the monkey house, the Bronx Zoo in New York has finally expressed regret. The Wildlife Conservation Society's apology for its 1906 exhibition of Ota Benga, a native of Congo, comes in the wake of global protests prompted by the videotaped police killing of George Floyd that again shone a bright light on racism in the United States. During a national moment of reckoning, Cristian Samper, the Wildlife Conservation Society's president and CEO, said it was important "to reflect on WCS's own history, and the persistence of racism in our institution".
The tyranny of chairs: why we need better design. ‘Let’s face the considerable evidence that all sitting is harmful,” writes Galen Cranz, a design historian whose book The Chair traces this object’s long history. Not all sitting, of course. The realism of magic. “In the 18th century and since, Newton came to be thought of as the first and greatest of the modern age of scientists, a rationalist, one who taught us to think along the lines of cold and untinctured reason.
TOK KQ and concepts for subject teachers. How to Fight the Bad Logic of the Internet. The Psychology of Money 9dbc86. Prompt for ToK Journal SG. LESSON 1 Theory of Knowledge - Google Slides. Daryl Bem proved ESP is real. Which means science is broken. It seemed obvious, at first, that Jade Wu was getting punked. In the fall of 2009, the Cornell University undergraduate had come across a posting for a job in the lab of one of the world’s best-known social psychologists.
A short while later, she found herself in a conference room, seated alongside several other undergraduate women. Depicting Abraham’s Sacrifice: Differing Biblical and Islamic Textual Traditions - Maydan. The neuroscience of optical illusions, explained. Fix your gaze on the black dot on the left side of this image.
Can we think without language? How Western media would cover Minneapolis if it happened in another country. Roger Penrose - Is Mathematics Invented or Discovered? Donald Trump Is Our National Catastrophe. The Importance of Active vs. Passive Voice in Protest Coverage. I wanted to use the two tweets from NYT to explain active versus passive voice and why it matters in news coverage (particularly when covering charged topics at the moment). A sentence typically has a clear subject and verb. TOK 2022: FREE TOK (THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE) WEBSITE - TOK 2022: Free theory of knowledge website. Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds. A recent experiment performed by Mercier and some European colleagues neatly demonstrates this asymmetry. Participants were asked to answer a series of simple reasoning problems. They were then asked to explain their responses, and were given a chance to modify them if they identified mistakes.
The majority were satisfied with their original choices; fewer than fifteen per cent changed their minds in step two. Trump vs. Truth: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) BBC IDEAS - Do We Think Differently in Different Languages. Two Textbooks, Two Americas. (1) The Decline and Fall of History. HISTORY AS MYSTERY – BHP Teacher Blog. David BurzilloRivers SchoolWeston, MA. The Bilingual Brain by Albert Costa review – the science of learning. A third of the way through this absorbing and engagingly written book, Albert Costa describes a family meal: “The father speaks Spanish with his wife and his son, but uses Catalan with his daughter.
The daughter in turn speaks Catalan with her father but Spanish with the rest of the family, including the grandmother, who only speaks Spanish though she understands Catalan.” It’s what Costa calls “orderly mixing”, and, depending on which restaurants you visit, a common enough situation: everyone is bilingual here, but the language used changes according to who it is directed at. Given that everyone at the table understands both languages, would it not be easier and less confusing if everyone just chose one language and stuck to it? 50 Cognitive Biases in the Modern World. The role of evidence - Brett Hall. You can’t use evidence to support your theory.SummaryScientific theories are created to explain evidence.Evidence is used to decide between rival theories: not support a theory.This difference matters.Most scientists don’t know this, just like...Pilots don’t need to know all the details of how the engines work to fly a plane.Example: The observation that Mercury is at position A on the sky and not B is evidence.This evidence can be used to show Newton’s Theory of Gravity is false.The only theory left that explains that piece of evidence along with everything that Newton’s theory does and lots more besides is the General Theory of Relativity.No one knows the details of how all the systems of an Airbus A 380 work.
Seeking Truth - Brett Hall. TOK e-Learning resource. You're not going to believe what I'm about to tell you (classroom-friendly version) Comics Blog Books. Panontin's TOK Ideas – A great source for all things TOK. Are There Internet Dialects? Julia Galef: Why you think you're right. How Morality Changes in a Foreign Language. Episode 84 – William James on Truth – Philosophize This! The Misinformation Virus - BBC Sounds. Monty Python - 50 years of sudden violent comedy - BBC Archive. TOK exhibition - TOK 2022: FREE TOK (THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE) WEBSITE.
Can a work of fiction about the Holocaust be inaccurate? Historians Clash With the 1619 Project. White Historians are Upset the 1619 Project Isn't Centered in Whiteness. Copy of TOK Rubrics for Sharing. BQ4 Knower/s - Home. How to Structure a Theory of Knowledge (TOK) Presentation. TOK Resources. TOK – Google Drive.