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In Germanic paganism , the indigenous religion of the ancient Germanic peoples that inhabited Germanic Europe , there were a number of different gods and goddesses .
In Old Norse , áss (or ǫ́ss, ás , plural æsir ; feminine ásynja , plural ásynjur ) is the term denoting a member of the principal pantheon in the indigenous European religion known as Norse paganism .
In Norse mythology , Loki , Loptr , or Hveðrungr is a god or jötunn (or both). Loki is the son of Fárbauti and Laufey , and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr . By the jötunn Angrboða , Loki is the father of Hel , the wolf Fenrir , and the world serpent Jörmungandr .
In Norse mythology , Thor (from Old Norse Þórr ) is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder , lightning , storms , oak trees, strength , the protection of mankind, and also hallowing , healing and fertility . The cognate deity in wider Germanic mythology and paganism was known in Old English as Þunor and in Old High German as Donar ( runic þonar ᚦᛟᚾᚨᚱ ), stemming from a Common Germanic *Þunraz (meaning "thunder"). Ultimately stemming from Proto-Indo-European religion , Thor is a prominently mentioned god throughout the recorded history of the Germanic peoples , from the Roman occupation of regions of Germania , to the tribal expansions of the Migration Period , to his high popularity during the Viking Age , when, in the face of the process of the Christianization of Scandinavia , emblems of his hammer, Mjölnir , were worn in defiance and Norse pagan personal names containing the name of the god bear witness to his popularity.
Heimdallr brings forth the gift of the gods to mankind (1907) by Nils Asplund
Odin ( pron.: / ˈ oʊ d ɨ n / ; from Old Norse Óðinn ) is a major god in Norse mythology and the ruler of Asgard . [ 1 ] Homologous with the Old English " Wōden ", the Old Saxon "Wôdan" and the Old High German "Wôtan", [ 2 ] the name is descended from Proto-Germanic " * Wodanaz " or " *Wōđanaz ". "Odin" is generally accepted as the modern English form of the name, although, in some cases, older forms may be used or preferred. His name is related to ōðr , meaning "fury, excitation," besides "mind," or "poetry." His role, like that of many of the Norse gods, is complex. Odin is a principal member of the Æsir (the major group of the Norse pantheon ) and is associated with war , battle, victory and death, but also wisdom , Shamanism , magic , poetry , prophecy , and the hunt. Odin has many sons , the most famous of whom is Thor .
In Norse mythology , a valkyrie (from Old Norse valkyrja "chooser of the slain") is one of a host of female figures who decide which soldiers die in battle and which live. Selecting among half of those who die in battle (the other half go to the Germanic goddess Freyja 's afterlife field Fólkvangr ), the valkyries bring their chosen to the afterlife hall of the slain, Valhalla , ruled over by the god Odin . There, the deceased warriors become einherjar .
Hávamál ( English pron.: / ˈ h ɑː v ə m ɑː l / HAH -və-mahl ; English: Sayings of the high one) is presented as a single poem in the Poetic Edda , a collection of Old Norse poems from the Viking age.
Runes ( Proto-Norse : ᚱᚢᚾᛟ ( runo ), Old Norse : rún ) are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets , which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialized purposes thereafter. The Scandinavian variants are also known as futhark or fuþark (derived from their first six letters of the alphabet: F , U , Þ , A , R , and K ); the Anglo-Saxon variant is futhorc or fuþorc (due to sound changes undergone in Old English by the same six letters).
In Norse mythology , the Vanir (singular Vanr ) are a group of gods associated with fertility, wisdom and the ability to see the future.
Frigg (sometimes anglicized as Frigga ) is a major goddess in Norse paganism , a subset of Germanic paganism .
In Norse mythology , Sif is a goddess associated with earth.
In Norse mythology , Freyja ( Old Norse the " Lady ") is a goddess associated with love, beauty, fertility, gold, seiðr , war, and death.