Indian Museum | Historic Sites Minnesota Historical Society. He Mille Lacs Indian Museum offers exhibits dedicated to telling the history of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe and the issues and way of life of contemporary American Indian people who live on the reservation and the surrounding area. The arts and crafts of the Ojibwe people are part of the displays, as well as puzzles, loom beading activities and an interactive Ojibwe language game for kids. The centerpiece of the museum is the dramatic "Four Seasons Room" which features life-size dioramas modeled after actual Mille Lacs Band members.
Other exhibits include "Our Living Culture," showing an array of contemporary pow-wow outfits and related activities; "Making a Living," documenting the many ways Ojibwe people have endured economically through the past century; and "Nation Within a Nation," exploring how the people of Mille Lacs have asserted the rights of sovereignty and self-governance. The exhibits draw heavily on the personal stories and oral histories of Mille Lacs Band members. The First Thanksgiving: Voyage on the Mayflower. Indian Country Diaries . Today's Challenges . Objibwe Language & Culture. Mark Anthony Rolo returns to his Ojibwe home Before first contact with the Europeans the Ojibwe migrated from the east coast to the Great Lakes area.
Archeological evidence shows that they continued to use miigis shells for their ceremonies. Since the shells are only found on the east coast, there had to have been a vast trading network of Native Americans across the continent. The Ojibwe also used copper that had to be imported from the Hopewell cultural area around present day Ohio. Their traditional lands stretched from the Great Lakes to the Great Plains. But beginning as early as 1781, the tribe was forced to cede millions of square miles to the governments of England, Canada and the U.S. in exchange for "guaranteed" reservations and some material goods. Today, there are reservations in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and the Canadian provinces stretching from western Québec to eastern British Columbia. The tribe is organized into five original clans with at least 21 sub-clans. Native American Jeopardy. Native American Homes: Wigwams, Longhouses, Tepees, Lodges, and other American Indian houses.
There were many different types of American Indian houses in North America. Each tribe needed a kind of housing that would fit their lifestyle and their climate. Sponsored Links Since North America is such a big continent, different tribes had very different weather to contend with. In the Arizona deserts, temperatures can hit 120 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the Alaskan tundra, -50 is not unusual. Naturally, Native Americans developed different types of dwellings to survive in these different environments. Also, different American Indian tribes had different traditional lifestyles. Some tribes were agricultural-- they lived in settled villages and farmed the land for corn and vegetables. Here are descriptions and pictures of some of the Native American house styles the people developed over the years to fit these needs.
Native American Homes Wigwam Homes Wigwams (or wetus) are Native American houses used by Algonquian Indians in the woodland regions. Cone-shaped dome-shaped rectangular shape. Fishhooks Of North America & The World, Page 1. 1883, Phillips, Barnet, "The Primitive Fishhook," The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, Vol. XXV, No. 6, pp. 901. 1899, Nelson, Edward William, "The Eskimo About The Bering Strait," Eighteenth Annual Report Of The Bureau Of American Ethnology, p. 178. 1912, Hodge, Frederick Webb, "Handbook Of American Indians North Of Mexico, Vol. 1," pp. 460-461. 1917, Petrie, W.
M. American Indians and their Environment. In this lesson, students will analyze primary source images of Native Americans interacting with the environment. The images show different aspects of how Native Americans dressed, hunted, and lived. Historical Background The kinds of food the Native Americans ate, the clothing they wore, and the shelters they had depended upon the seasons. Their foods changed with the seasons. The Native Americans used natural resources in every aspect of their lives. Hunting/Fishing/Farming: Indian men had the primary tasks of fishing and hunting. The Powhatan Indians were primarily farmers planting fields that averaged one hundred acres in size.
Homes: Since the Powhatans were farmers, they did not move around like Indians of the western plains who had to follow the herds of buffalo. Clothing: Each tribe had a chief or “werowance” who ruled over the tribe. Lesson Objective Materials Procedure Begin with a Hook/Preview by discussing natural resources and how we use them in OUR lives. Assessment References. Encyclopedia of the Great Plains | NATIVE AMERICAN GENDER ROLES. Traditionally, Plains Indian gender roles were well defined, and men's and women's responsibilities were equally crucial to the functioning, even the survival, of their societies. Consequently, both men and women were respected for doing their jobs well, although this is not how early European American observers saw it.
Such observers, coming from societies which held that women–gentlewomen, that is– should be cloistered and protected, were aghast at the workload that Plains Indian women carried. They witnessed them, from varying societies and at various times of the year, clearing fields, planting, hoeing, and harvesting; digging cache pits and storing food; erecting and dismantling lodges and tipis; collecting wild plants and firewood; cooking, hauling water, and washing dishes; transporting possessions, generally on foot, on bison hunts; making household items, including pottery and clothing; and child rearing.
David J. Wishart University of Nebraska-Lincoln Billson, Janet Mancini. Respect runs deep in ancient native american spirituality. It isn't hard to see the depth of native American spirituality just by looking at their handmade craft works. Native American spirituality includes a strong reverence for animal life, the environment, and each other. Native American spirituality is not the same as the religion of most people. Organized religious meetings are not a part of native American spirituality. History shows that originally, native American spirituality was more of a way of daily life.
One thing that is very perplexing about native American spirituality is that the reverential use of tobacco has been devastating to the Caucasian race. Just as perplexing is the fact that alcohol consumption, even though not used in native American spirituality and stemming from the white man, has caused just as much havoc on native Americans. Native American spirituality is not the same for every tribe. The main feature of native American spirituality, no matter which tribe is the relationship of man with the land. Edit Template - JeopardyLabs. Moa.wfu.edu/files/2012/04/Fun-and-Games-Teachers-Guide.pdf.
3_3 European Disease in the New World. Until the coming of the Europeans, the New World was free of smallpox, typhus, cholera, and measles--the focus of this article. When Cortez came to invade Mexico, he had with him a silent ally more potent than his small Spanish army. That insidious ally was infectious disease, to which Aztecs and other Native Americans had no immunity. When he finally entered Tenochtitlan (Mexico City today) in 1520, the year after he first arrived in the New World, he found half of the inhabitants infected with smallpox.
In just the first epidemic, nearly 50% had died. Eleven years later, a second epidemic devastated Mexico, and this too was introduced from Spanish ships. By 1595, over 18 million people had died of smallpox, mumps, measles and other European diseases. This viral disease is relatively recent in human history and is believed to have come from cattle or possibly monkeys. Smallpox is a classic epidemic disease that was sustainable only by large human populations. Treatment is symptomatic. Pow Wow Radio – 24/7 Native American Pow Wow Music. Pow Wow Radio – Your source for 24/7 Pow Wow music free! Listen on your iPhone, iPad, or Android device! Download our mobile Pow Wow Radio app. Listen to our other Native radio station – NativeMusicRadio.com – your source for ALL types of Native music. Currently Playing Southern boys - My Best Friend Listeners Online Most Listeners Online Last Songs Played Southern boys - My Best FriendBear Claw Singers - Kiowa Flag SongBlack Eagle - For the PeopleWhitefish Bay Singers - IntertribalSioux Nation - Personal IntroductionsGoodskyWALKING BUFFALO - Born in the Mysticvarious - high noonGrey Buffalo - Love BirdChi-Geezis - Intro ShoutBox Add your music to our station.
Ojibwe History - Indian Country Wisconsin. The Ojibwe are an Algonkian-speaking tribe and constitute the largest Indian group north of Mexico. The Ojibwe stretch from present-day Ontario in eastern Canada all the way into Montana. Oral traditions of the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi assert that at one time all three tribes were one people who lived at the Straits of Mackinac. From there, they split off into three different groups. Linguistic, archeological, and historical evidence suggests that the three tribes do indeed descend from a common ethnic origin. The three languages are almost identical. The Ojibwe call themselves "Anishinaabeg," which means the "True People" or the "Original People. " Other Indians and Europeans called them "Ojibwe" or "Chippewa," which meant "puckered up," probably because the Ojibwe traditionally wore moccasins with a puckered seam across the top. Like other Indian tribes, the Ojibwe allied themselves to the French militarily and economically.
Ojibwe people. Traditional range of Anishinaabe-Anishinini, including Ojibwe The Ojibwe (also Ojibwa), Anishinaabe, or Chippewa are one of the largest groups of Native American and First Nations Peoples on the North American continent. There are Ojibwe communities in both Canada and the United States. In Canada, they are the second-largest population among First Nations, surpassed only by the Cree. In the United States, they have the fourth-largest population among Native American tribes, surpassed only by the Navajo, Cherokee and Lakota. Because many Ojibwe were formerly located around the outlet of Lake Superior, which the French colonists called Sault Ste. They are historically known for their crafting of birch bark canoes, sacred birch bark scrolls, use of cowrie shells for trading, cultivation of wild rice, and use of copper arrow points.
Name The autonym for this group of Anishinaabeg is Ojibwe (plural: Ojibweg). Language History Pre-contact and spiritual beliefs WikiMiniAtlas. Ojibway Culture and History. Automatic Language Translator (Espanol, Francaise, Deutsche,etc.) Kevin L. CallahanU of MN Email: email@example.com Spelling: Ojibwe, Ojibwa, or Ojibway? According to Professor Dennis Jones who teaches the Ojibway language at the University of Minnesota, either Ojibwe or Ojibway are actually correct spellings, but some people feel Ojibwe should be the preferred standardized spelling.
I have chosen to use the Ojibway spelling only because that is the way I originally learned it. If I had it to do over again I would probably use Ojibwe. The Ojibway Totemic or Clan System According to Eddy Benton-Banai (1988) the Ojibway clan system was a system of government and a division of roles and labor. Ojibway Spirituality In general terms, Ojibway spirituality centers around certain customs and beliefs, concepts, events, and objects.
Important Terms and Concepts related to the Ojibway Creation Story: The Naming Ceremony Click image for a larger map The Ojibway Migration Story. Ojibwe Indians. The Chippewa Indians, also known as the Ojibway or Ojibwe, lived mainly in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Ontario. They speak a form of the Algonquian language and were closely related to the Ottawa and Potawatomi Indians. The Chippewas were allies of the French and French traders often married Chippewa women. Chippewa warriors fought with the French against the British in the French and Indian War. But political alliances changed with the times. During the American Revolution the Chippewas sided with the British against the Americans. The Ojibwe (said to mean "Puckered Moccasin People"), also known as the Chippewa, are a group of Algonquian-speaking bands who amalgamated as a tribe in the 1600's.
They were primarily hunters and fishermen, as the climate of the UP was too cool for farming. Click here for full size image (220 kb) Source: Atlas of Wisconsin Source: Unknown Source: Unknown Click here for full size image (210 kb) Dakota Indians (Dakotas, Dakota Sioux) Dakota Tribe What is the difference between the Lakota and Dakota Sioux? What do these words mean? There is no real difference. "Lakota" and "Dakota" are different pronunciations of the same tribal name, which means "the allies. " One Sioux dialect has the letter "L" in it, and the other dialect does not. This is only a pronunciation difference, not a political one. Of the 13 Sioux political subdivisions, seven pronounce the word "Lakota," four pronounce it "Dakota," one pronounces it "Nakota," and one is split between pronouncing it "Dakota" and "Nakota.
" "Sioux," on the other hand, is not a Lakota or Dakota name. Where do the Dakota people live? How is the Dakota Indian nation organized? What language do the Dakota people speak? What was Dakota culture like in the past? How do Dakota Indian children live, and what did they do in the past? What were Dakota men and women's roles? What were Dakota homes like in the past?
What was Dakota clothing like? What about Dakota religion? History of Minnesota. The history of the U.S. state of Minnesota is shaped by its original Native American residents, European exploration and settlement, and the emergence of industries made possible by the state's natural resources. Minnesota achieved prominence through fur trading, logging, and farming, and later through railroads, and iron mining. While those industries remain important, the state's economy is now driven by banking, computers, and health care.
The earliest known settlers followed herds of large game to the region during the last glacial period. They preceded the Anishinaabe, the Dakota, and other Native American inhabitants. Fur traders from France arrived during the 17th century. Europeans, moving west during the 19th century, drove out most of the Native Americans. Minnesota gained legal existence as the Minnesota Territory in 1849, and became the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858. Native American inhabitation Some of the oldest stone tools found in Minnesota Land acquisition Digital History. Colonial history of the United States.