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Traffic Officers promoting road safety through reinforcement and punishment

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Operant conditioning is a form of behavioural learning in which the probability of a response is changed by its consequences. The consequences of behaviour such as rewards and punishments, influence the probability that the behaviour will occur again.

Traffic police have a hard time maintaining road safety daily. Everyday, road accidents, like speeding and car collisions may occur at anytime.

Hence, the Traffic Police can make use of operant conditioning, reinforcement and punishment to promote road safety and prevent car accidents from occurring. Road accidents in Singapore. Fatal accidents, road deaths at record low in 2019, but more accidents involve elderly and motorcyclists, Transport News.

SINGAPORE - While the number of fatal accidents and road deaths in 2019 dropped to a record low since records began in 1981, Traffic Police Commander Gerald Lim said more can be done. Senior Assistant Commissioner (SAC) Lim said the 2.05 road traffic fatalities per 100,000 population in 2019 were considered "very good" compared with regional statistics. "We are doing well," he said at the release of the Annual Road Traffic Situation 2019 report at the Road Safety Community Park on Monday (Feb 10). "But a lot more has to be done in terms of elderly pedestrians and motorcyclists. " The latest statistics, down from 2.20 traffic deaths per 100,000 population in 2018, show the downward trend that began in 2010, when the figure stood at 3.8. Road traffic situation improves but spike in accidents involving elderly pedestrians. SINGAPORE: The general road traffic situation improved in 2019, with fewer accidents, injuries and fatalities, the Singapore Police Force (SPF) said in a news release on Monday (Feb 10).

Road traffic situation improves but spike in accidents involving elderly pedestrians

Statistics from the Annual Road Traffic Situation 2019 report from police also showed that the number of fatal accidents and fatalities fell to a record low. However, police said an increase in the number of accidents involving elderly pedestrians and motorcyclists continued to be of concern. The number of accidents and violations from speeding and red-light running also went up. Overall, the number of fatal accidents decreased by 3.3 per cent to 116 cases in 2019, from 120 cases in 2018.

The number of fatalities decreased by 5.6 per cent to 117 in 2019, from 124 in 2018, the statistics showed. The road traffic fatality rate per 100,000 population decreased to 2.05 per cent in 2019, from 2.2 per cent in 2018. Difference between Reinforcement and Punishment. Reinforcement Theory Explained With Examples. Operant Conditioning - Negative Reinforcement vs Positive Punishment.

Positive Reinforcement. Rewards For Safe Driving – How You Can Benefit. Certificate of Merit. What is it? And how can you get one? Getting a driver’s licence ensures that you are qualified to drive.

Certificate of Merit. What is it? And how can you get one?

But along with that comes the responsibility of making sure you drive safely, not just for your sake but also for the sake of other road users. To ensure that drivers are aware of this and keep safety uppermost on their minds while driving, the Traffic Police has instituted a system of rewards and punishments. In March 1983, the Traffic Police introduced the Driver Improvement Points System (DIPS). How does the Driver Improvement System work? Under Singapore’s DIPS, chalking up 24 demerit points or more within 24 consecutive months will result in a suspension of your driving licence for three months.

If you have been suspended before, your licence will be suspended again when you accumulate 12 points within 12 months of your last offence. For most drivers, the fear of racking up demerit points for traffic violations is a sufficient deterrent against reckless driving. Negative Reinforcement. How to Prevent A Car Accident in Singapore. Ideally you'd be able to drive your whole life without experiencing an accident.

How to Prevent A Car Accident in Singapore

But even the safest drivers are still at risk from others on the road, mechanical failures and other road hazards. But that doesn't mean you're powerless and doomed to crash. Road Safety Tips. A safe road journey cannot be taken for granted!

Road Safety Tips

Like Gracious Joseph, remember to always exercise patience and graciousness. Stay alert, drive carefully and follow traffic rules, signs, and signals. Follow these safe-driving tips and habits to enhance your experience on the roads, and make your journeys more safe and pleasant. Never drink and drive. Never get behind the wheel when you’re tired. Maintain your vehicle regularly to minimise the chances of an accident due to mechanical failure. Always check your blind spot – avoid changing lanes at bends.

Positive Punishment. Penalties for Dangerous Driving for Singapore Drivers. Perhaps you’re a fan of the Fast & Furious film franchise and want to try out those cool car stunts for yourself.

Penalties for Dangerous Driving for Singapore Drivers

Or maybe you think you have the hots to be Singapore’s Best Car Drifter just because you own a sweet car. Road Traffic Act - Singapore Statutes Online. Higher fines for motorists, pedestrians and cyclists from April: MHA. SINGAPORE: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) will raise fines for road traffic offences starting Apr 1, in a bid to strengthen deterrence against irresponsible driving.

Higher fines for motorists, pedestrians and cyclists from April: MHA

In a press release on Thursday (Feb 21), MHA said that raising composition sums, or fines, would ensure that they remain effective as a deterrent and curb the uptrend in road traffic offences. "It is important to nip unsafe driving in the bud, before serious accidents happen and people are killed or hurt," said MHA. READ: More drink-driving accidents, motorists running red lights: Police "For road traffic offences that do not involve egregious driving behaviour and do not result in harm caused to others, the offence may be compounded, in lieu of prosecution," the ministry added. Fines for motorist road traffic offences were last reviewed in 2000. For committing an offence with zero demerit points such as an illegal U-turn, drivers of light vehicles could be fined S$100, up from the current S$70. Negative punishment.

Police arrest and suspend licence of lorry driver driving against traffic on Tampines Expressway, Singapore News.