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Road Safety Tips

Road Safety Tips
A safe road journey cannot be taken for granted! Like Gracious Joseph, remember to always exercise patience and graciousness. Stay alert, drive carefully and follow traffic rules, signs, and signals. Follow these safe-driving tips and habits to enhance your experience on the roads, and make your journeys more safe and pleasant. Never drink and drive. Never get behind the wheel when you’re tired. Maintain your vehicle regularly to minimise the chances of an accident due to mechanical failure. Always check your blind spot – avoid changing lanes at bends. Road conditions differ and road hazards may appear unexpectedly. Always keep in mind the existence of road hazards Keep a lookout for smaller or vulnerable road users, such as cyclists or power-assisted bicycle users, and pedestrians like children and elderly, who may dash across the road. Motorcyclists and pillion riders are a group of road users who are over-represented in fatal road traffic accidents. As a Heavy Vehicle Driver

Related:  Reinforcement & Punishment: Promoting Road SafetyStriving for Safer Roads with Reinforcement and PunishmentTraffic Officers promoting road safety through reinforcement and punishmentSafety on the Singaporean Road: An evaluation of Reinforcement and Punishment theories.[(PSY 108) The Application of Reinforcement and Punishment by the Singapore's Traffic Police to Promote Road Safety]

Traffic Police And Motorist Announce Strategic Partnership To Foster Safer Roads In Singapore SINGAPORE, 8th June 2020 – Motorist, Singapore’s leading automotive platform, today announced a strategic partnership with the Traffic Police to cultivate a safer driving culture in Singapore. The partnership will see the Traffic Police tap on Motorist’s mobile app as they look to encourage safer driving by discouraging reckless driving acts such as speeding. Together, they have developed a new audio integration feature called Co-Driver, which is set to be launched today. This feature, found exclusively in the Motorist App, will incorporate data from the Traffic Police on the locations of speed and red-light cameras. By simply activating Co-Driver on the Motorist App, drivers will receive real time audio alerts on these cameras, as well as reminders to drive safer and more courteously. While there are a number of other apps that provide audio cues on red-light and traffic cameras, Co-Driver is the only one that includes red zones for Police Speed Laser Camera (PSLC).

The Study of Punishment in Psychology Punishment is a term used in operant conditioning to refer to any change that occurs after a behavior that reduces the likelihood that that behavior will occur again in the future. While positive and negative reinforcements are used to increase behaviors, punishment is focused on reducing or eliminating unwanted behaviors. Punishment is often mistakenly confused with negative reinforcement. Higher fines for motorists, pedestrians and cyclists from April: MHA SINGAPORE: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) will raise fines for road traffic offences starting Apr 1, in a bid to strengthen deterrence against irresponsible driving. In a press release on Thursday (Feb 21), MHA said that raising composition sums, or fines, would ensure that they remain effective as a deterrent and curb the uptrend in road traffic offences. "It is important to nip unsafe driving in the bud, before serious accidents happen and people are killed or hurt," said MHA. READ: More drink-driving accidents, motorists running red lights: Police "For road traffic offences that do not involve egregious driving behaviour and do not result in harm caused to others, the offence may be compounded, in lieu of prosecution," the ministry added. Fines for motorist road traffic offences were last reviewed in 2000.

Past campaigns to raise awareness: RoadSense Carnival On 6 July 2019, Traffic Police organised the RoadSense Carnival at the Ngee Ann City Civic Plaza. The inaugural RoadSense Carnival was graced by Mr Amrin Amin, Senior Parliamentary Secretary for Ministry of Home Affairs & Ministry of Health. The event’s theme was ‘Take the Road to Responsibility’, and this event was organised to educate road users in Singapore about the importance of graciousness to create a more pleasant road user experience for all Singaporeans. 2020 - Road Safety Month launched as Singapore reopens, Singapore News The eighth Singapore Road Safety Month was launched on Tuesday, with traffic expected to increase as Singapore entered the first phase of its post-circuit breaker reopening. Posters and banners will be put up in trains and at bus shelters and lamp posts during the month-long campaign to remind pedestrians to "ensure that all vehicles have come to a stop before crossing" and motorists to "slow down when approaching traffic lights". First-prize winners of a road safety art competition in March will have their works printed on ez-link cards for distribution. Although mainly located in the heartland and areas near schools, banners will be displayed - for the first time - in private residential estates in Bukit Timah, said the police and the Singapore Road Safety Council.

Reinforcement and Punishment Learning Objectives Explain the difference between reinforcement and punishment (including positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment)Define shapingDifferentiate between primary and secondary reinforcers In discussing operant conditioning, we use several everyday words—positive, negative, reinforcement, and punishment—in a specialized manner. In operant conditioning, positive and negative do not mean good and bad. Instead, positive means you are adding something, and negative means you are taking something away.

What Is Reinforcement in Operant Conditioning? One of the many different ways in which people can learn is through a process known as operant conditioning (also known as instrumental conditioning).1 This involves learning through reinforcement or punishment. The type of reinforcement used can play an important role in how quickly a behavior is learned and the overall strength of the resulting response. Understanding Reinforcement Reinforcement is a term used in operant conditioning to refer to anything that increases the likelihood that a response will occur.

Road traffic situation improves but spike in accidents involving elderly pedestrians SINGAPORE: The general road traffic situation improved in 2019, with fewer accidents, injuries and fatalities, the Singapore Police Force (SPF) said in a news release on Monday (Feb 10). Statistics from the Annual Road Traffic Situation 2019 report from police also showed that the number of fatal accidents and fatalities fell to a record low. However, police said an increase in the number of accidents involving elderly pedestrians and motorcyclists continued to be of concern. The number of accidents and violations from speeding and red-light running also went up. Overall, the number of fatal accidents decreased by 3.3 per cent to 116 cases in 2019, from 120 cases in 2018. The number of fatalities decreased by 5.6 per cent to 117 in 2019, from 124 in 2018, the statistics showed.

2020 Online Campaign launch due to COVID-19: The Singapore Road Safety Council (SRSC) and Traffic Police (TP), with support from the Land Transport Authority (LTA), Ministry of Education (MOE), People’s Association (PA) and Automobile Association of Singapore (AAS), launched the Singapore Road Safety Month (SRSM) 2020 online campaign today. In its eighth year, the theme of the month-long campaign is “Road Safety for All”, and will focus on raising awareness on road safety and encouraging road users to play their part in keeping the roads safe. During the campaign, posters and banners will be displayed on trains, bus shelters and lampposts in the heartlands and vicinity of schools to remind the road users on good road safety practices. Please refer to Annex A for the artwork of the posters and banners for the SRSM campaign. In addition, this will be the first time that such banners will be displayed in residential estates within Bukit Timah to raise road safety awareness.

(Negative Punishment - Resource One) Website: Cabby jailed five months for killing pedestrian while running red light, Courts & Crime News SINGAPORE - A taxi driver tried to beat a red light but ended up killing a pedestrian who was crossing the road. Abdul Shukor Jumat - who already had five driving offences under his belt - was speeding at 79kmh, 9kmh above the limit, before he ploughed into Chinese national Li Yong, 38. On Thursday (April 26), Shukor, 50, was sentenced to five months in jail for causing Mr Li's death through reckless driving. Traffic Fines in Singapore - LTA, URA, HDB, TP and ERP When you own a car, traffic wardens are your worst enemy and roadblocks send shivers down your spine – after all, there’s nothing worse than getting traffic fines in Singapore. As if it’s not enough that the cost of your car and COE would be enough for you to retire in a neighbouring country, there’s also quite a number of traffic fines you could potentially be slapped with. LTA fines in Singapore HDB parking fines in Singapore

Safe Driving Course - A Negative Reinforcement SINGAPORE — Motorists who have accumulated more than half of their maximum allowable demerit points now have a chance to redeem themselves via the Traffic Police’s Safe Driving Course (SDC), set to be introduced next month. Designed to educate motorists on safe driving techniques, correct dangerous driving behaviour and encourage good road habits, the SDC is an enhancement to the Driver Improvement Points System (DIPS). Motorists who complete the SDC will have three demerit points cancelled from their driving records, but they can only get demerit points cancelled twice during their lifetime. The SDC will consist of both theory and practical sessions for a total of 4 hours. These can be completed within a day or on two different days at one of the licensed driving schools - ComfortDelGro Driving Centre, Singapore Safety Driving Centre and Bukit Batok Driving Centre.

Fatal accidents, road deaths at record low in 2019, but more accidents involve elderly and motorcyclists, Transport News SINGAPORE - While the number of fatal accidents and road deaths in 2019 dropped to a record low since records began in 1981, Traffic Police Commander Gerald Lim said more can be done. Senior Assistant Commissioner (SAC) Lim said the 2.05 road traffic fatalities per 100,000 population in 2019 were considered "very good" compared with regional statistics. "We are doing well," he said at the release of the Annual Road Traffic Situation 2019 report at the Road Safety Community Park on Monday (Feb 10).

Certificate of Merit: A Fixed Interval of Positive Reinforcement: Getting a driver’s licence ensures that you are qualified to drive. But along with that comes the responsibility of making sure you drive safely, not just for your sake but also for the sake of other road users. To ensure that drivers are aware of this and keep safety uppermost on their minds while driving, the Traffic Police has instituted a system of rewards and punishments.