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The World is Designed for Men – HH Design – Medium. Blind by Design is a series focused on addressing systemic biases within design.

The World is Designed for Men – HH Design – Medium

Join us. Men dominate the design industry. I took a look at 27 design and engineering consulting firms with public information about their teams. Here’s what I found: 27 Design Firms 743 People 188 Women 555 Men Only 24.4% of the staff at these design + engineering firms are female. Taking a closer look at those numbers shows how rare it is to be a woman in a design or engineering role at a consultancy: 110 Women in Design or Engineering (including UX/UI) 18 Women Industrial Designers 16 Women Mechanical Engineers That’s just 34 women across 27 companies in roles that are focused on physical product design. Design and engineering consultancies create products for a global market, but the teams themselves rarely have diversity that reflects global perspectives.

The impact of having such a limited set of voices in the rooms where design decisions are made has far reaching implications. Seat belts are less safe for women. Ten 100-year predictions that came true. In 1900, an American civil engineer called John Elfreth Watkins made a number of predictions about what the world would be like in 2000.

Ten 100-year predictions that came true

How did he do? As is customary at the start of a new year, the media have been full of predictions about what may happen in the months ahead. But a much longer forecast made in 1900 by a relatively unknown engineer has been recirculating in the past few days. Study: real facts can beat 'alternative facts' if boosted by inoculation. It’s fitting that as Donald Trump continues to flirt with anti-vaccine conspiracy theories, inoculation may provide the key to effectively debunking this sort of misinformation.

Study: real facts can beat 'alternative facts' if boosted by inoculation

That’s the finding of a new study published in Global Challenges by Sander van der Linden, Anthony Leiserowitz, Seth Rosenthal, and Edward Maibach. The paper tested what’s known as “inoculation theory,” explained in the video below by John Cook, who’s also published research on the subject. The video is a lecture from the Denial101x free online course, which itself is structured based on inoculation theory: According to inoculation theory, facts are important but by themselves aren’t sufficient to convince people as long as misinformation is also present.

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AOK Ethics

Download TOK resource: 2016 TOK blog posts. Dear TOK teachers — I’ve gathered into a single document all the posts on Theory of Knowledge from this blog during 2016, with a Table of Contents at the beginning, so that you can cruise them easily, looking for ideas for your own teaching.

Download TOK resource: 2016 TOK blog posts

Please feel free to download this resource, and to use it and share it freely (with the usual conventions of acknowledgement). Our goal in this blog is to give support to teachers by supplementing your core resources with fresh ideas for teaching TOK, suggested activities for the classroom, and commentary relevant to TOK on current knowledge discoveries and events of the world as they pass. Between the Lines - National Geographic Society. If a picture is worth a thousand words, a map may be worth a million.

Between the Lines - National Geographic Society

Maps, infographics, and photographs blur the line between information and art, at once documenting the state of the world and presenting it in a visually dynamic way. Unlike photographs, however, no map can claim to be a direct portrait of reality. Every map, no matter how simple it appears, is shaped by the viewpoint and the choices of the person who made it.

On top of that, every person who reads a map will interpret it differently than the next. Our interpretations of maps are influenced just as much by our perceptions and personal experiences as by what’s actually on the page. Frank Jacobs has seen his share of subjective maps. Subjectivity and personal interpretation play huge roles in analyzing each map—and also help determine which maps Jacobs’ readers find interesting. ToK Essays May 2017. The Philosopher of Feelings. Martha Nussbaum was preparing to give a lecture at Trinity College, Dublin, in April, 1992, when she learned that her mother was dying in a hospital in Philadelphia.

The Philosopher of Feelings

She couldn’t get a flight until the next day. That evening, Nussbaum, one of the foremost philosophers in America, gave her scheduled lecture, on the nature of emotions. SIR KEN ROBINSON - How Are You Intelligent? The rise and rise of fake news. Image copyright iStock.

The rise and rise of fake news

"Knowing how you know" Cartastrophe. Gentle readers, my apologies for being so long in returning to blogging.

Cartastrophe

Inspiration has sometimes been a bit lacking, and when it wasn’t, time was. But be assured I have no plans to abandon this enterprise without notice, though I may take breaks from time to time. I’m also hoping to bring back guest posts to keep things going when I don’t have the time. The map is not the territory. – ToK Trump. This lesson is designed to be taught early in a ToK Course.

The map is not the territory. – ToK Trump

It is designed to encourage students to question the veracity of their reality. It is a classic ToK / Psychology / Philosophy lesson, I include it here as help for teachers who may be new to teaching ToK. Like all lessons posted here you should adapt this so that it is appropriate for your class group. WoKs: Language, Sense Perception, maybe others such as Imagination, Reason etc. Six maps that will make you rethink the world. We don’t often question the typical world map that hangs on the walls of classrooms — a patchwork of yellow, pink and green that separates the world into more than 200 nations.

Six maps that will make you rethink the world

But Parag Khanna, a global strategist, says that this map is, essentially, obsolete. Khanna is the author of the new book “Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization,” in which he argues that the arc of global history is undeniably bending toward integration. Instead of the boundaries that separate sovereign nations, the lines that we should put on our maps are the high-speed railways, broadband cables and shipping routes that connect us, he says. And instead of focusing on nation-states, we should focus on the dozens of mega-cities that house most of the world’s people and economic growth. TOK Archives - The Method. Theory of Knowledge. Resources For Mr. Ferlazzo's TOK Class. Wi-Phi (Wireless Philosophy) TOKnow-11 - home. The Lifespan of a Thought Experiment: Do We Still Need the Trolley Problem? A runaway streetcar is hurtling towards five unsuspecting workers. Do you pull a switch to divert the trolley onto another track, where only one man works alone?

Or do you do nothing? This haunting choice is a variation of the “trolley problem,” an iconic philosophical thought experiment. (If you’ve never heard of it before, try this.) Puzzling, ridiculous, and oddly irresistible, this imaginary scenario has profoundly shaped our understanding of right and wrong. Thought experiments have been essential in scholarly discourse since the ancient Greeks and Romans. Monty Python's Best Philosophy Sketches. From dead parrots to The Meaning of Life, Monty Python covered a lot of territory. Educated at Oxford and Cambridge, the Pythons made a habit of weaving arcane intellectual references into the silliest of sketches. A classic example is “Mrs. Premise and Mrs.

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Ways of Knowing. TOK essay/presentations. Theory of Knowledge Site. Humanism, Doubt, and Optimism. Permit us to question—to doubt, that’s all—and not to be sure…. It is our responsibility…to proclaim the value of this freedom, to teach how doubt is not to be feared but welcomed and discussed, and to demand this freedom as our duty to all coming generations. —Richard Feynman, 1988 BEFORE I BEGIN I would like to thank the American Humanist Association for this remarkable award. The list of past awardees includes many intellectual heroes of mine, and to join that list is truly one of the greatest honors of my life. Moreover, the context of this award, humanism, means a great deal to me, because humanism characterizes the spirit that I have tried to use as a guide in my personal, professional, and public activities.

South Korea to control history textbooks used in schools. Image copyright EPA South Korea's government has announced controversial plans to control the history textbooks used in secondary schools. Currently, secondary schools can choose from textbooks published by eight different publishing companies. Was Moses a Founding Father? Last Tuesday, the Texas State Board of Education held a public hearing to choose which new social studies textbooks will be recommend to school districts in the state. The board was expected to vote to approve the majority of proposed textbooks and smooth the way for what should have been a final procedural vote on Friday. Instead, complaints by right-wing groups torpedoed the adoption process.

The board didn’t approve a single textbook and left the door open to 11th-hour political meddling. Because the 15-member board voted not to adopt any books, publishers were forced to ignore historical fact and make last minute changes to their books to cater to the conservative activists. These Are Words Scholars Should No Longer Use to Describe Slavery and the Civil War. Michael Todd Landis, an Assistant Professor of History at Tarleton State University specializing in the intersection of slavery and politics in the 19th century United States, is the author of Northern Men with Southern Loyalties: The Democratic Party and the Sectional Crisis (Cornell, 2014). Plantation or slave labor camp? Let’s face it: a new generation of scholarship has changed the way we understand American history, particularly slavery, capitalism, and the Civil War. Celebrating the Genocide of Native Americans. The sad reality about the United States of America is that in a matter of a few hundreds years it managed to rewrite its own history into a mythological fantasy.

This Columbus Day, Seeking the Real History of Native Americans  A Q&A with Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, author of An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States. By Mark Trecka CHICAGO -- When Howard Zinn published A People's History of the United States in 1980, historian and activist Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz told Zinn that he had largely failed to include the narratives of Native Americans. Zinn replied that it was up to Dunbar-Ortiz to write that book. "Pro-American" History Textbooks Hurt Native Americans  The mathematical secrets of Pascal’s triangle - Wajdi Mohamed Ratemi. Linking the past and the present. Interview with the historian Romila Thapar, Professor Emeritus, Jawaharlal Nehru University.

BBC Documentary - Dangerous Knowledge 1 - Georg Cantor, Ludwig Boltzmann. Making Time: Does it matter why we help others? The Case for Teaching Ignorance. IN the mid-1980s, a University of Arizona surgery professor, Marlys H. Witte, proposed teaching a class entitled “Introduction to Medical and Other Ignorance.” The Infinite Hotel Paradox - Jeff Dekofsky. Why Save a Language? Photo Gray Matter By JOHN McWHORTER “TELL me, why should we care?” Conflicted About Conflict.

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Philosophy of Numbers - Numberphile. Robert Lang: The math and magic of origami. Students must learn to question statistics. The power of stupid ideas: ‘three generations that have never worked’ Learning.blogs.nytimes. Ask for Evidence. AOK Social Sciences. Kostas Kiriakakis.

Language. TOK Human Sciences. Social sciences. The science of protecting people’s feelings: why we pretend all opinions are equal. Theory of knowledge teacher support material.

Science and health news hype: where does it come from? Natural Sciences. The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science. Why science is so hard to believe. Sarah-Jayne Blakemore: The mysterious workings of the adolescent brain. Revealed: the science behind teenage laziness. 40 brilliant idioms that simply can’t be translated literally. 10 Greatest Ideas in the History of Science. 10 Scientific Ideas That Scientists Wish You Would Stop Misusing. HhqlkMK.png (PNG Image, 7088 × 3008 pixels) - Scaled (14%)

Anti-Soviet warrior puts his army on the road to peace: The Saudi businessman who recruited mujahedin now uses them for large-scale building projects in Sudan. Robert Fisk met him in Almatig - World - News. Chomsky: Paris attacks show hypocrisy of West's outrage. Logical Fallacies: The Fallacy Files. Monty Python and the Quest for the Perfect Fallacy. Theory of Knowledge Student. An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments. Spain’s oldest dictionary under fire for equating ‘gypsy’ with ‘cheat’

The unexpected math behind Van Gogh's "Starry Night" - Natalya St. Clair. A Defense of Reason on The New Republic's 100 Year Anniversary. LJA Theory of Knowledge 2014. Theory of knowledge - theoryofknowledge.net. The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational. U4, L2: The Map is NOT the Territory. Our Favorite Maps of 2013. Beginning a TOK course.

AOK Science

TOK History. AOK History. Borrowing a Powerful Brainstorm Protocol from IDEO.