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Doctor Creates Term 'Human Devastation Syndrome' The Dictionary Shuts Down Kellyanne Conway's Idea Of 'Alternative Facts' Up Goer Five. Scottish government renames 'offender' as 'person with conviction' People released from Scottish prisons will no longer be referred to as "offenders", under Scottish government plans.

Scottish government renames 'offender' as 'person with conviction'

The new National Strategy for Criminal Justice said they should be referred to as a "person with convictions" or "person with an offending history". TED-Ed. New words — and what they say about us. Maybe two years ago, my sister and I came up with what we thought was a genius term for a photo that someone snapped of themselves on their cameraphone: an “extended arm shot.”

New words — and what they say about us

Someone else, however, came up with a term that rolled far more easily off the tongue: the “selfie.” The rest is history. Who hasn’t, at some point in time, either made up a word or repeated one they heard dreamed up by someone else? In her TED Talk, Anne Curzan — an English language historian — takes a look at new words like “hangry” and “adorkable,” and shows how colloquial terms like these get sealed in dictionaries. And while some lament these types of words as the death of a language, Curzan says they reveal that a language is living, breathing, and growing. As a member of the usage panel for the American Heritage Dictionary, she certainly knows what she’s talking about. Below, take a look at the nominated words from just the past four years. 2012 Word of the Year: hashtag. 20 words that once meant something very different.

Words change meaning over time in ways that might surprise you.

20 words that once meant something very different

We sometimes notice words changing meaning under our noses (e.g., unique coming to mean “very unusual” rather than “one of a kind”) — and it can be disconcerting. EATS, SHOOTS & LEAVES by Lynne Truss. Grandma Annii's Storytime. Explicit cookie consent. - Excerpts from Uncleftish Beholding. For most of its being, mankind did not know what things are made of, but could only guess. - Excerpts from Uncleftish Beholding

With the growth of worldken, we began to learn, and today we have a beholding of stuff and work that watching bears out, both in the workstead and in daily life. The underlying kinds of stuff are the firststuffs, which link together in sundry ways to give rise to the rest. Adriano Celentano: Funny English Gibberish Song (Prisencolinensinainciusol) 7 cultural concepts we don't have in the U.S. Big ideas with small language. Can scientific language be ‘translated’ into easier language? Does the rise of English mean losing knowledge? By Matt Pickles .

Does the rise of English mean losing knowledge?

Image copyright Thinkstock Are we "losing knowledge" because of the growing dominance of English as the language of higher education and research? Attend any international academic conference and the discussion is likely to be conducted in English. For anyone wanting to share research, English has become the medium for study, writing and teaching. That might make it easier for people speaking different languages to collaborate.

A campaign among German academics says science benefits from being approached through different languages. Researchers whose first language is not English worry they have to subscribe to Anglo-American theories to get published in major international journals. Publishing in English According to the German linguist Ranier Enrique Hamel, in 1880 there were 36% of scientific publications using English, which had risen to 64% by 1980. Image copyright AP In Germany a campaign led by academics, called ADAWIS, wants to preserve German as a language of science. What Orwell can teach us about the language of terror and war. Words matter in ‘ISIS’ war, so use ‘Daesh’ The militants who are killing civilians, raping and forcing captured women into sexual slavery, and beheading foreigners in Iraq and Syria are known by several names: the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham, or ISIS; the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL; and, more recently, the Islamic State, or IS.

Words matter in ‘ISIS’ war, so use ‘Daesh’

French officials recently declared that that country would stop using any of those names and instead refer to the group as “Daesh.” The Obama Administration should switch to this nomenclature, too, because how we talk about this group is central to defeating them. Advertisement Whether referred to as ISIS, ISIL, or IS, all three names reflect aspirations that the United States and its allies unequivocally reject. How the language you speak changes your view of the world. This article was written by Panos Athanasopoulos from Lancaster University.

How the language you speak changes your view of the world

Does Your Language Shape How You Think? Divine words: what role does language learning play in religious practice? “Silence is the language of God, all else is poor translation,” Sufi mystic Rumi once said.

Divine words: what role does language learning play in religious practice?

Words are, however, a way for the worldly to connect with the divine through prayer and worship. For many, developing a greater understanding of a religion extends not only to studying the theological and philosophical points but to learning another language. We spoke to three people studying Arabic, Hebrew and classical Tibetan about the role languages play in their relationship with religion. Unreported World. 23 maps and charts on language. By Dylan Matthews on April 15, 2015.

23 maps and charts on language