Sitreps Detail Rwanda's Descent into Genocide 1994 Washington, DC, April 7, 2014 –The complete series of daily and weekly situation reports (sitreps) written by UN peacekeepers in Rwanda — published today by the National Security Archive for the first time in full — provides a detailed, on-the-ground perspective on the genocide in Rwanda that started twenty years ago today. Today's posting is a collection of every single sitrep from the beginning of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) in October 1993 to the end of the genocide on July 18, 1994. The documents tell a story of the broken Rwandan political system and a peacekeeping force that, because of a lack of support from UN headquarters in New York and from the members of the UN Security Council, was not equipped to handle the rising violence.
China-based corporate web behind troubled Africa resource deals For centuries, wave after wave of colonists and foreign investors have swept through Africa, looking for profits from the continent’s abundant reserves of oil and prized minerals. Many instead left records of corruption and broken promises of shared wealth with Africans. It is against this backdrop that an eager conglomerate has recently been drawing attention and generating headlines throughout Africa.
MENA (the Middle-East & North Africa)
Map Room: Hidden Waters
InFocus » What Does the Fall of Goma Mean for Central Africa?
Egyptian and Sudanese policy failures have lead to a looming strategic threat to both countries’ most important resources – the Nile. Israel has now signed an agreement with the South Sudanese authorities over rights to the country’s precious water source. There was an outcry in Egypt and Sudan over last week’s signing of a cooperation agreement between Israel and South Sudan on water infrastructure and technology development. Warnings abounded that the pact between the government in Juba and Israeli Military Industries Ltd posed a threat to the water security of the two downstream countries and should be countered. Israel Siphons off Africa’s Nile
Cable shows U.S. permission required for key Ugandan combat ops By Stephen C. WebsterWednesday, April 11, 2012 10:54 EDT Update (below): Publisher confirms cyber attack following Raw Story report A U.S. State Department cable composed in Dec. 2009 sheds yet more light on the murky relationship between the Obama administration and the Ugandan government, pointing to an information sharing agreement that prohibits the Ugandan regime from engaging in certain combat operations against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) without U.S. permission. Specifically, the cable states that Ugandan forces may not utilize U.S. intelligence to engage enemies without first consulting U.S. officials.
Women stand next to an oil wellhead that since 2004 has been regularly spilling crude oil near the community of Ikot Ada Udo in the Niger Delta. Photo: Kadir van Lohuizen/Science for Human Rights The Niger Delta has been at the centre of Nigeria’s post‑independence military project from the first coup in 1966 through to the present. To the outside world it remained a forgotten outpost, however, until the 1990s and the rise of the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP). Niger Delta: a quiet resistance
MAIDUGURI, Nigeria (AP) -- Nigeria's military says it killed 38 suspected Islamic militants and lost a soldier when troops repulsed an attack on a northeastern farming village. Spokesman Col. Muhammed Dole said soldiers informed of the insurgents' plan "to cause havoc and mayhem" were able to repel the attackers and inflict heavy casualties when extremists arrived at Damboa village in Borno state around 1 a.m. Thursday. He said the soldiers captured three vehicles loaded with high-caliber weapons, ammunition, homemade bombs and food. A military aircraft was pursuing fleeing attackers including some wounded in the shootout. 2nd explosion strikes near Nigeria church by Jos
New York, November 11, 2011--A judge in Ethiopia's federal high court charged six journalists with terrorism on Thursday under the country's antiterrorism law, bringing the number of journalists charged under the statute since June to 10, CPJ research found. Twenty-four people, including imprisoned dissident blogger Eskinder Nega and five other journalists critical of the government who work online and in exile, were charged, according to the court charge sheet obtained by CPJ. Nega, a contributor to U.S.-based Ethiopian diaspora news websites; editors Mesfin Negash and Abiye Teklemariam of the U.S.-based Addis Neger Online; Abebe Gellaw of the U.S. Ethiopia charges six journalists with terrorism
France, Africa: Suitcases Filled with Cash Expose the Françafrique Connection In the wake of the Dominique Strauss Kahn scandal, a new furore is now rocking France and the upcoming 2012 French presidential campaign. Robert Bourgi, a shady lawyer and advisor for “African affairs” has confessed [fr] to French media he acted for years as a go-between for French politicians and Francophone Africa heads of states, delivering approximatively $20 million in cash to former President Chirac, former Minister of Foreign Affairs Dominique de Villepin, and extreme-right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen, to finance past election campaigns. Screen shot of Lawyer R. Bourgi on BFM TV “Not exactly breaking news”
China-based corporate web behind troubled Africa resource deals
Special Coverage on Conflict Minerals Jump to: Overview | Current Policy | Solutions | Campaigns & Programs Your mobile phone, your computer, your portable music player, and your gaming system all fuel fighting in eastern Congo. Take Action Now » Overview Armed groups earn hundreds of millions of dollars every year by trading conflict minerals.
The first child soldier pops out of the bush clutching an AK-47 assault rifle in one hand and a handful of fresh marijuana buds in the other. The kid, probably 14 or 15, has this big, goofy, mischievous grin on his face, like he’s just stolen something—which he probably has—and he’s wearing a ladies’ wig with fake braids dangling down to his shoulders. Within seconds his posse materializes from the thick, green leaves all around us, about ten other heavily armed youngsters dressed in ratty camouflage and filthy T-shirts, dropping down from the sides of the jungle and blocking the red dirt road in front of us. Our little Toyota truck is suddenly swarmed and immobilized by a four-and-a-half-foot-tall army. This is on the road to Bavi, a rebel-controlled gold mine on the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s wild eastern edge. The Price of Precious
Enough Project Media Advisory Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, firstname.lastname@example.org, 202-478-5314 The Madison City Council in Wisconsin passed a resolution earlier this week symbolically declaring the city conflict free. The resolution comes after nearly two years of a growing student movement at University of Wisconsin-Madison that campaigned the city and University to denounce the use of minerals that fuel violence and change their electronics purchasing practices to favor verifiable conflict-free products. Conflict Minerals
ZIMBABWE: Minister Trying to Create a "Paper Tiger" Human Rights Commission HARARE, Oct 10, 2011 (IPS) - Zimbabwe’s justice minister is frantically trying to fend off probes into allegations of human rights abuses perpetrated by President Robert Mugabe’s regime since the country’s independence in 1980. Justice and Legal Affairs Minister Patrick Chinamasa, a member of the highest decision-making body of the ruling ZANU-PF party, the Politburo, is reportedly trying to weaken the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC) so that it would not be able to investigate decades of governing party abuses. The commission was established in March 2010 but has been dormant due to the absence of an enabling act that clearly spells out its scope of work. In late 2010, Chinamasa introduced a bill that seeks to operationalise the commission, which is currently being debated in the lower house. If approved, it will be submitted to the Senate, but will require Mugabe to sign it into law.
NYT photographer details Somalia's famine
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