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Les Etats-Unis et la Chine sous la présidence de Xi Jinping (2013-2020) : aspects diplomatiques, économiques, commerciaux et militaires.

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The future - Technological progress in China could still lead to fireworks. Technology QuarterlyJan 4th 2020 edition.

The future - Technological progress in China could still lead to fireworks

Chinese technology - With the state’s help, Chinese technology is booming. FOR MOST of human history, China was the world’s most advanced technological power.

Chinese technology - With the state’s help, Chinese technology is booming

The blast furnace originated there, and thus so, too, did cast iron. Other breakthroughs included porcelain and paper. Chaguan - China’s ties with America could be tested by North Korea. Inside China's audacious global propaganda campaign. As they sifted through resumes, the team recruiting for the new London hub of China’s state-run broadcaster had an enviable problem: far, far too many candidates.

Inside China's audacious global propaganda campaign

Almost 6,000 people were applying for just 90 jobs “reporting the news from a Chinese perspective”. Even the simple task of reading through the heap of applications would take almost two months. Huawei tested AI software that could recognize Uighur minorities and alert police, report says. Creative destruction - How America’s war on Huawei may boost Chinese technology. HUAWEI IS ON the ropes.

Creative destruction - How America’s war on Huawei may boost Chinese technology

From midnight on September 14th the Chinese technology giant will be cut off from essential supplies of semiconductors. Inside China's audacious global propaganda campaign. Why has China become such a big political issue? Formulating a strategy to deal with China will be an unavoidable responsibility of the next presidential administration, no matter who wins the election.

Why has China become such a big political issue?

In previous campaigns, candidates from both parties have promised to pursue tougher policies toward China, and there are signs that aggressive approaches have bipartisan support in Congress, but the level of public support for an adversarial relationship casts doubt on the likelihood that strategies for responding to China’s rise will become a major issue in the 2020 election. The disillusionment within the American business community has arguably had the most impact on the politics of China in the United States. While the Trump administration has cast the US-China relationship as a multi-domain strategic competition, the president himself has been more narrowly focused on resetting trade relations and improving the trade balance. Avoiding war: Containment, competition, and cooperation in U.S.-China relations. The most pivotal question in geopolitical affairs is whether and how the United States will exercise its military power to impose costs on China for seeking to assert military dominance in East and Southeast Asia.

Avoiding war: Containment, competition, and cooperation in U.S.-China relations

But this central question is one among many regarding how the United States and China will navigate each other’s changing roles in international affairs, particularly as Chinese President Xi Jinping gives greater expression to China’s ambitions to be a premier global power. On November 1, 2017, Brookings Vice President and Director of Foreign Policy Bruce Jones convened seven Brookings scholars and affiliates—David Dollar, Ryan Hass, Robert Kagan, Cheng Li, Kenneth Lieberthal, Mira Rapp-Hooper, and Jonathan Stromseth—to discuss the future of U.S.

-China relations. The edited transcript below reflects their assessments of China’s current and future posture, and the American debate about how to respond. Assessing U.S.-China relations under the Obama administration. Pushback: America’s New China Strategy. The U.S. government’s across-the-board hardening toward China emerged somewhat erratically over the past year but has shown remarkable momentum in recent months.

Pushback: America’s New China Strategy

This report offers a perspective from Washington for the use of those many observers in America and abroad seeking information and early analysis of the importance of the U.S. government shifts toward acute rivalry with China. U.S. Timeline: U.S. Relations With China 1949–2020. Trump's Trade War (full film) The changing geopolitics of energy - America’s domination of oil and gas will not cow China. For more coverage of climate change, register for The Climate Issue, our fortnightly newsletter, or visit our climate-change hub “THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is now the number-one energy superpower anywhere in the world,” President Donald Trump told oilmen in Midland, Texas this summer, from a stage decorated with gleaming black barrels.

The changing geopolitics of energy - America’s domination of oil and gas will not cow China

The sheer volume of hydrocarbons that such American oilmen have released from the shale beneath Midland and previously unforthcoming geology elsewhere gives substance to his boast (see chart 1). Over the past decade America’s oil output has more than doubled and its gas production increased by over 50%. The battle of Chosin Reservoir - Lessons from the battles between America and China, 70 years on. SEVENTY YEARS ago this month, Mao Zedong’s peasant army inflicted one of the worst military defeats on America in the country’s history.

The battle of Chosin Reservoir - Lessons from the battles between America and China, 70 years on

Over two weeks his “volunteer” fighters drove an army of 350,000 American soldiers and marines and their Korean allies the length of North Korea, from the Chinese border to hasty evacuations by land and sea. Though the Chinese suffered terrible casualties in the process and the war would continue for another three years (and technically has not ended), the American-led UN force never again threatened to reunify the peninsula. This humiliation was made worse by the fact that General Douglas MacArthur, the force’s megalomaniacal supremo, had only weeks before assured Harry Truman that the Chinese would not cross the Yalu river. His commanders duly denied that they had. When that became incredible, they claimed the cruelly ill-equipped Chinese—wearing cotton uniforms and canvas shoes for a high-altitude war fought at minus 30°C—were not a serious foe. The battle of Chosin Reservoir - Lessons from the battles between America and China, 70 years on.

Mandate of heaven - China plans to bring back the first Moon rocks for 40 years. IN JANUARY 2019, when a Chinese spacecraft called Chang’e 4 visited the Moon, the mission broke new ground, figuratively speaking, by landing on the far side of that orb, which is perpetually invisible from Earth and thus also out of direct radio contact.

Mandate of heaven - China plans to bring back the first Moon rocks for 40 years

This meant communications had to be relayed by a satellite which had been cunningly located for the purpose at a place where the interaction of the gravitational fields of Earth and Moon meant it could orbit a point in empty space. China’s next lunar mission, by contrast, will break ground literally. Chang’e 5, scheduled for launch around November 24th, is intended to drill two metres down into the Moon’s surface, retrieve about 2kg of rock, and then return this to Earth. If successful, it will be the first lunar sample-return mission since 1976, when a Soviet probe called Luna 24 sent back a mere 170g of the stuff. Compte-rendu et replay du webinaire : Etats-Unis, Chine, Europe : quelle remondialisation ? - Fondation Prospective et Innovation. Guerre commerciale entre les États-Unis et la Chine : quelles conséquences ?

Tous surveillés - 7 milliards de suspects - Regarder le documentaire complet. Trump's Trade War (full film) Great white hulls - A new law would unshackle China’s coastguard, far from its coast. THE ZHAOTOU-CLASS cutter may be a lowly coastguard ship. How Xi Jinping Blew It. Read: Joe Biden won’t fix America’s relationships Often, Chinese diplomats and state media hurl insults and threats at their critics.

In August, when a Czech politician led a delegation to Taiwan, which Beijing still claims as a runaway province, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi warned that his government “will make him pay a heavy price for his short-sighted behavior and political opportunism,” a threat that received a sharp rebuke from the Czechs, and even a protest from usually mild-mannered Germany. A new foreign-policy team - Joe Biden will embrace allies—and enlist them to take on China. AS SOON AS Joe Biden takes over as president in January there will be a new tone in America’s foreign policy, and this week he is revealing the new team that will help set it. Its top trio, to be formally announced on November 24th, say a lot about the contrast he wishes to establish with the tumultuous President Donald Trump. His picks are predictable, solid and wedded to a belief in the rules-based international order.

His nominee for secretary of state is expected to be Antony Blinken, who served as deputy secretary of state for the last two years of Barack Obama’s presidency. Choice page. Xinjiang and the world - The persecution of the Uyghurs is a crime against humanity. THE FIRST stories from Xinjiang were hard to believe. Surely the Chinese government was not running a gulag for Muslims? Surely Uyghurs were not being branded “extremists” and locked up simply for praying in public or growing long beards? Yet, as we report in this week’s China section (see article), the evidence of a campaign against the Uyghurs at home and abroad becomes more shocking with each scouring of the satellite evidence, each leak of official documents and each survivor’s pitiful account. In 2018 the government pivoted from denying the camps’ existence to calling them “vocational education and training centres”—a kindly effort to help backward people gain marketable skills.

Trump or Biden: What the U.S. election means for China. How has American foreign policy changed in last 25 years? - The Washington Post. - The Washington Post. Vue détaillée: Les Champs Libres. The Pentagon's provocative encirclement of China, by Michael T Klare (Le Monde diplomatique - English edition, June 2018) On May 30th, Secretary of Defense James Mattis announced a momentous shift in American global strategic policy. From now on, he decreed, the U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM), which oversees all U.S. military forces in Asia, will be called the Indo-Pacific Command (INDOPACOM). Beijing's bid for global power in the age of Trump, by Alfred W. McCoy (Le Monde diplomatique - English edition, August 2018)

As the second year of Donald Trump’s presidency and sixth of Xi Jinping’s draws to a close, the world seems to be witnessing one of those epochal clashes that can change the contours of global power. Just as conflicts between American President Woodrow Wilson and British Prime Minister Lloyd George produced a failed peace after World War I, competition between Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin and American President Harry Truman sparked the Cold War, and the rivalry between Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and President John F. Curbing China's rise, by Philip S Golub (Le Monde diplomatique - English edition, October 2019) Donald Trump outlined his intentions for international trade on 26 June 2016, when he sharply criticised US ‘politicians [who] have aggressively pursued a policy of globalization [that moved] our jobs, our wealth and our factories overseas’, leading to deindustrialisation and the destruction of the US middle class.

Denouncing a ‘leadership class that worships globalism over Americanism’, he accused Nafta, the World Trade Organisation, Chinese economic practice and the now defunct Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) of being the main causes of US manufacturing decline. The great decoupling - The Trump administration wants a US-China commercial split. DURING HIS term in office, Donald Trump has often bashed China while occasionally praising its leader, Xi Jinping. The changing geopolitics of energy - America’s domination of oil and gas will not cow China.

Compléments documentaires, par Olivier Pironet (Le Monde diplomatique, avril 2020) De Pékin à Moscou : une identité nationale à marche forcée - Ép. 3/0 - Les nouvelles batailles identitaires. Les ouighours : une minorité ethnique musulmane et turcophone de la région du Xinjiang qui, depuis des années, subit une vive répression et une politique assimilationniste de la part des autorités centrales chinoises. D’ailleurs, chaque événement, y compris à l’étranger, peut constituer une opportunité pour justifier aux yeux du reste du monde, la violence qu’il subissent au nom de l’intérêt de la Nation chinoise. A titre d’exemple : le gouvernement chinois n’avait pas attendu plus de quelques heures après avoir condamné les attentats de Paris, le 14 novembre dernier, pour lancer une vaste et sanglante opération policière dans le Xinjiang. Objectif affiché : capturer les responsables de l’attaque d’une mine de charbon qui avait fait 16 morts quelques semaines plus tôt dans le sud de la région autonome ouighoure.

Le gouvernement chinois a ensuite évoqué « une victoire éclatante » contre les terroristes et la mort de 28 d’entre eux. Une émission préparée par Tiphaine de Rocquigny. Washington vs Pékin : le choc des titans - Ép. 3/4 - Guerres économiques: les Etats-Unis à la manoeuvre. Accord entre la Chine et les États-Unis : pour Trump, une victoire en trompe-l’œil.

Mercredi 15 janvier, le président américain et le vice-Premier ministre de la Chine Liu He ont signé la “phase 1” d’un accord censé mettre un terme à la guerre commerciale entre les deux pays. Entre les Etats-Unis et la Chine, le combat des Titans. ‎Recode Media: Ben Thompson explains TikTok, Trump and China on Apple Podcasts.