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They've left South Asia, but they can't escape the discrimination and division of its caste system. When I was at university, another South Asian asked me what my caste was.

They've left South Asia, but they can't escape the discrimination and division of its caste system

I replied that I didn't know. But as Jasbeer Mustafa, an academic from Western Sydney University, told me: "If you don't know your caste, it's most likely you're upper caste. " As a new migrant to Australia I was surprised when I learnt caste discrimination exists in a country so far removed geographically and culturally from South Asia.

I grew up in Mumbai, and it wasn't until the Dalit Lives Matter movement was retriggered by the murder of a Dalit in India last September that I started to question the caste system and the role I played in it. I was curious to know more about how casteism impacts people in Australia, so I started speaking to a number of migrants who had first-hand experience with the caste system. 'Australia is no exception' The Hindu caste system is made up of four tiers — at the very top are Brahmins or priests and teachers. Then come Vaishyas, who are farmers, traders and merchants. Collingwood's official response to racism report was missing one key thing — an apology. It's been a week since Collingwood president Eddie McGuire said a report outlining systemic behaviour was a "proud day" for the club.

Collingwood's official response to racism report was missing one key thing — an apology

It left most onlookers dumbfounded — not least the man who inspired the report in the first place, former Collingwood player Héritier Lumumba, who was scathing of McGuire's response. It unleashed a firestorm of criticism, which soon forced McGuire to apologise for his language. Grassroots Indigenous footballers say Collingwood systemic racism report hardly a surprise.

The exposure of systemic racism at the Collingwood Football Club has prompted calls for community sporting organisations to address the issues in their own backyards.

Grassroots Indigenous footballers say Collingwood systemic racism report hardly a surprise

Key points: Indigenous footballers say racism has to be attacked at a grassroots level if meaningful change is occurA club president says conditions have improved, but racism is still prevalent and can be extremely hurtfulCelebrating the achievements of the greats rather than lamenting the inequalities is one way to stay positive WARNING: This story contains language that readers may find offensive. Collingwood was called on to apologise this week after an independent review found the club guilty of "distinct and egregious" systemic racism. Joel Wilkinson, the AFL and the search for racial justice.

This is not a victim story.

Joel Wilkinson, the AFL and the search for racial justice

Joel Wilkinson is not a victim. This is a story about one man's decade-long battle against what he believes is institutional racism in the AFL, and their attempts to silence him. Collingwood racism report should have led to real consequences. Instead, it became a sideshow. A few years ago, black British writer Reni Eddo-Lodge declared that she would no longer talk to white people about race.

Collingwood racism report should have led to real consequences. Instead, it became a sideshow

On her online blog she wrote: "I can no longer engage with the gulf of an emotional disconnect that white people display when a person of colour articulates their experience ... It's like they can no longer hear us". I know how she feels. Uyghur advocates speak out after horrifying accounts of rape and torture in Xinjiang camps in China. Uyghur advocacy groups have renewed calls for the international community to take action after the BBC published horrifying new accounts of rape and torture in China's network of internment camps in Xinjiang.

Uyghur advocates speak out after horrifying accounts of rape and torture in Xinjiang camps in China

WARNING: Some people may find the contents in this article distressing. Key points: One woman told the BBC that she was tortured and gang-raped on three occasions by Chinese menAnother said she was tortured by guards who raped them with electrified sticksThe accusations drew a horrified response from several Australian Government MPs The BBC spoke to several women who said they had been subjected to systematic sexual violence, torture and rape from guards in the camp.

The broadcaster also said it spoke to a former guard who confirmed he had seen prisoners subjected to beatings, as well as being tortured with electric shocks. Many of the accounts were extremely graphic. Can Biden's calls for unity spark a tone shift in Australia's 'pretty ordinary' politics? American politics, at its best, produces great spectacle and rhetoric — never more so, perhaps, than on a presidential inauguration day.

Can Biden's calls for unity spark a tone shift in Australia's 'pretty ordinary' politics?

It was true again this week with the inauguration of President Joe Biden. The sense of renewal and a new beginning was only starker when you considered the drama that had taken place at the very spot where Biden took the oath of office: the storming of the Capitol on January 6; an historic second impeachment of a president a week later; and, finally, a national sigh of relief that four years of presidential mayhem was appropriately ending with a show of bad grace by Donald Trump. The potential implications for Australia of a new regime in Washington have generally been canvassed, of course: the United States getting back on board on the Paris agreement on climate change and a wholesale shift in its energy policies being a conspicuous example.

Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. Prime Minister Scott Morrison's views on Australia Day 'selfish' and 'lightweight', Michael Dodson says. Former Australian of the Year and Northern Territory Treaty Commissioner Michael Dodson has called Scott Morrison's comments about Australia Day "selfish", saying he is "very lightweight when it comes to understanding Australian history".

Prime Minister Scott Morrison's views on Australia Day 'selfish' and 'lightweight', Michael Dodson says

Key points: Michael Dodson said the PM's comments on Australia Day exposed a "shallow understanding" of the impact of the First Fleet on Indigenous AustraliansDodson praised Cricket Australia for its work in having an inclusive policyMelbourne BBL franchises will not drop Australia Day from their promotional material The Prime Minister on Thursday criticised Cricket Australia for its decision to recommend that teams drop the term "Australia Day" from its Big Bash promotions.

Sex, Drugs and Pork Rolls: Sydney Festival show the fruit of eight-year mission to make '100 per cent POC' theatre. A white actor pissing into a bottle and calling it art?

Sex, Drugs and Pork Rolls: Sydney Festival show the fruit of eight-year mission to make '100 per cent POC' theatre

No thanks, Michael Mohammed Ahmad isn't interested. Nor does he need tickets "to watch some white guy literally improvising some nonsense and sweating on us". The Arab-Australian author of award-winning novels The Tribe and The Lebs grew up in Lakemba in Sydney's west ("There were so many Lebs, we called it Leb-kemba") and knows that he doesn't have to fling "sweat on my audience to tell a compelling story".

"I can literally get onstage and talk for an hour about my family. " Ahmad, 35, says that growing up he was disappointed by the local theatre scene, because it didn't reflect the multicultural Australia he knew. Australia urged by 31 countries at UN meeting to raise age of criminal responsibility. More than two dozen countries have pressured Australia to raise the age of criminal responsibility at a United Nations meeting overnight.

Australia urged by 31 countries at UN meeting to raise age of criminal responsibility

Key points: Indigenous children are over-represented in the Australian justice systemAboriginal legal services have called for immediate action following the international pressureMost Australian jurisdictions are yet to implement changes to the age of criminal responsibility Canada, France, Germany, Venezuela and Norway were among the 31 UN member states to call on Australia to raise the age, in what advocates said was an escalation in international pressure relating to this issue.

Indigenous man Noel Walker explains why Coon Cheese name change is so important. For Noel Walker the heated — often openly racist — social media debate following the announcement of the Coon Cheese name change to Cheer Cheese was saddening, but also predictable. Many of the posts blandly stated that Indigenous people offended by the previous name for the cheese should "get over it".

It's a phrase Mr Walker sees dished out to Indigenous Australians constantly about a variety of issues. Warning: Parts of this article contain language that may offend some readers. Mr Walker, who as a boy was on the receiving end of the racial slur associated with the cheese, decided to join the debate and shared his experience through a Facebook post in a bid to turn the racist rhetoric into a "positive discussion".

"I come from a long line of proud Aboriginal men and women," Mr Walker said. "My Bundjalung people are from the far north coast of New South Wales and the Yuin people from the far south coast, but I am just like the majority of people in this country. "The list goes on and on. " Foreigners in Bali are punished with push-ups for not following coronavirus health protocols. Foreigners who have breached Bali's coronavirus health protocols have been forced to do push-ups, with images of the unusual punishment going viral on social media. Key points: The Indonesian Government says vaccinations have been prioritised in Bali to help reopen tourismBali and Java have implemented tighter restrictions until January 25Officials said tourists, including Australians, were responsible for about 80 per cent of the protocol violations in Bali As the photos circulated last week, headlines in several local outlets included the phrase "naughty bule" for those caught not wearing masks properly — or at all.

Bule is an Indonesian word for foreigners, especially Caucasians, and the spots they tend to favour have become a focus for authorities. Lovemore overcame racism and police violence to become a champion boxer, now the courtroom is his ring. Lovemore Ndou was 16 when a cashier flirted with him at the supermarket. It might seem innocuous, but a white woman flirting with a black man in South Africa during apartheid was anything but.

When authorities weren't able to pin a sexual assault on him, they instead accused him of theft before taking him to a cell where they broke his arm and let a dog — trained to "kill black people on sight" — almost tear out his eye. Nine US officials including Michigan ex-governor charged over Flint water crisis deaths. Nine US officials — including former Michigan governor Rick Snyder and key members of his administration — have been charged following a new investigation into the Flint water disaster that contaminated the US city with lead and left 12 people dead. Key points: A lengthy criminal investigation ran parallel to civil litigation over the health crisisIt's alleged Flint residents who became sick from the water were failed by 'all levels of government' Officials face a variety of charges including manslaughter, misconduct and perjury The 12 residents of the predominately African-American community died after city officials implemented a cost-cutting plan in 2014 to switch the water supply to the contaminated Flint River.

Authorities say at least 90 cases of Legionnaires' disease are also linked to the plan. Nine former state and local officials pleaded not guilty in Genesee County courts on Thursday to a total of 42 criminal counts. Michael McCormack criticised for comparing Black Lives Matter protests to storming of US Capitol. Human rights and community groups have condemned Acting Prime Minister Michael McCormack for comparing the 2020 Black Lives Matter protests to last week's deadly storming of the US Capitol, demanding he withdraw the "deeply offensive" comments.

Amnesty International called for Mr McCormack to be "condemned in the strongest terms"Labor has called the comments dangerous and disappointingA spokesperson for Mr McCormack says violence is condemned in all forms Five people died in the insurrection on Capitol Hill, which unfolded after Mr Trump addressed thousands of protesters, repeating unfounded claims that the contest was stolen from him due to widespread election fraud and irregularities.

Mr McCormack, who is acting Prime Minister while Scott Morrison is on leave, was on Monday asked whether US President Donald Trump should be removed from office for fuelling the violent scenes. The US Capitol riot was full of hate symbols. Here's how to spot them. One of the many horrifying images from the January 6 rampage on the US Capitol shows a long-haired, long-bearded man wearing a black "Camp Auschwitz" T-shirt emblazoned with a skull and crossbones, and under it the phrase "work brings freedom" — an English translation of the Auschwitz concentration camp motto: "Arbeit macht frei. " Another image, more subtle but no less incendiary, is of a different man whose T-shirt was emblazoned with the inscription "6MWE" above yellow symbols of Italian Fascism. "6MWE" is an acronym common among the far right standing for "6 Million Wasn't Enough.

" It refers to the Jews exterminated during the Nazi Holocaust and hints at the desire of the wearer to increase that number still further. Twitter removes China embassy tweet referring to Uyghurs as 'baby-making machines' Twitter has taken down a post from the Chinese embassy in Washington that said Uyghur women in its northwest Xinjiang region had been "emancipated" by the Chinese Communist Party as part of the "process of eradicating extremism".

Key points: Police response to pro-Trump protesters was different to Black Lives Matter. I know why. Like many in Australia, I awoke Thursday to an America in crisis. From Sydney, I pounced on the images as they filed in — MAGA-clad rioters scaling the walls of the Capitol, or taking selfies on the floor of the Senate, or laidback in the office of the Speaker of the House.

Syrian refugees flee Lebanese camp near Tripoli after their tents were set on fire. Hundreds of Syrian refugees have fled a makeshift camp in north Lebanon after their tents were torched when a fight broke out between local youths and camp residents. Second-generation Australians migrants find themselves caught between two worlds. Travelling between Australia and China for work, Jenny Zhou says she often feels misunderstood. Hamilton part of bigger diversity shift in Australian musical theatre as industry recalibrates during COVID-19. Musical theatre may have disappeared from Australian stages in the COVID-19 shutdown, but the industry has been anything but dormant. In recent months, the culture of the industry has shifted: when something seems unfair or unjust, performers and fans alike are speaking up — and their discussions are creating change. Victims of racist attacks fear reoccurrence as Australia launches inquiry into right-wing extremism.

Anam Javed was shopping for vegetables at her local supermarket when a man ripped her hijab off her head. Aboriginal men make official complaint over alleged racist treatment by police at WA border. Two Aboriginal men allege they were stopped by West Australian police after crossing the state border in the Kimberley because officers believed they were driving a stolen car. Aboriginal women Landmark report 'Wiyi Yani U Thangani' released into challenges and goals of First Nations women and girls - ABC News. A landmark report into the challenges and aspirations of Indigenous women and girls in Australia has recommended an urgent focus on healing from intergenerational trauma, and a national plan of action to advance wellbeing.

Key points: The report is the first engagement project of its kind in 34 yearsIt makes five findings and seven overarching recommendationsThe report aims to guide policy and legislation in the future The Wiyi Yani U Thangani (Women's Voices) report, by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner June Oscar AO, is the first engagement project of its kind since 1986 and aims to inform policy and legislation.

In 2018, Ms Oscar and her team visited 50 locations in urban and remote areas across every state and territory and spoke to thousands of Indigenous women and girls. The Australian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) report, launched today in Perth by Ms Oscar, made five major findings and seven recommendations. Racial harassment charges laid against David Lawrence Thomson over offensive signs in Perth - ABC News. They accused police of kidnapping, but felt like they were put on trial. Now the 'Pinkenba Six' boys are speaking out - ABC News. Muslims, Chinese Australians and Indigenous people most targeted in racist media coverage - ABC News. Victoria's first Indigenous senator Lidia Thorpe expresses shock at receiving abusive letter purportedly from Jim's Group CEO Jim Penman - ABC News.

Indigenous Football Week sparks calls for greater Aboriginal representation in game - ABC News. Myanmar elections see Facebook fight hate speech, misinformation - ABC News. More than eight in 10 Asian Australians report discrimination during coronavirus pandemic - ABC News. Donald Trump's border wall is 'desecrating' sacred Indigenous sites, tribal leaders say. Could the US election change this? - ABC News. Rapper JamarzOnMarz says 'racist' school uniform codes are erasing natural hairstyles - ABC News. Indigenous complaints to NT Anti-Discrimination Commissioner nearly double in a year - ABC News. Meghan Markle helped Prince Harry become aware of unconscious racial bias - ABC News. #DefineAboriginal: Pauline Hanson's 'no definition to Aboriginal' comment sparks sharing of racism stories.

Senator Eric Abetz's controversial questions about loyalty rattle Chinese communities in Australia - ABC News. India's caste system is under scrutiny after the mysterious cremation of an alleged rape victim - ABC News. ABC Indigenous journalist Miriam Corowa on cultural diversity in TV news and her personal struggles and triumphs - ABC News. Australia amid climate change is making migrants adapt again.

AFL, St Kilda apologise to Robert Muir for 'disgraceful racism and disrespect' - ABC News. Chinese-Australian WWII fighter initially rejected from RAAF because he wasn't 'substantially European' - ABC News. African Australian artist collective creates its own exhibitions and community while changing the arts landscape - ABC News. Olsen Filipaina rugby league's Polynesian trailblazer - ABC News. Vietnam War gave Wiradjuri man Victor Bartley his first experience of life without racism - ABC News.

China is attacking Australia over racism — but ordinary people are getting stuck in the middle - ABC News. Why George Floyd's death tells the story of many black lives. The little book, Portnoy's Complaint, that changed censorship and the pioneer activist who says we should still be concerned - ABC News. How to learn from Indigenous people about the Black Lives Matter movement in Australia - ABC News. Indigenous constitutional referendum 'unlikely' before the next election, Minister says - ABC News. King Leopold Ranges renamed by WA Government amid global Black Lives Matter protests - ABC News. Darwin Black Lives Matter protest organisers and NT Police praise peaceful protest - ABC News. Former refugee says regional Australia can learn from US experience to confront racism at home - ABC News.

America is facing a 'double pandemic': coronavirus COVID-19 and racism - ABC News. Changing the ABC's pronunciation guidance on Indigenous words - ABC News. Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, who kneeled on George Floyd, has murder charge upgraded; three other officers charged - ABC News. George Floyd's death sees US activists push for deconstruction of white supremacy - ABC News. What should you do if you see someone being racially abused during the coronavirus pandemic? Pacific Islanders say tale of Tongans shipwrecked 50 years ago is not like Lord of the Flies - ABC News. COVID-19 has prompted a spike in racist attacks. We need to start tracking them better. Calls to cut immigration often ignore Australia's economic and social reality - ABC News. Flying school for Chinese pilots reports racial abuse, laser pointer attacks and jammed radio signals. Siva Singh, immigrant who fought White Australia policy to regain right to vote, leaves lasting legacy.

Cotton's poor public image troubles industry as concerns over water grow - ABC Rural - ABC News. Beauty supplement claiming to be made in Australia to 'whiten skin' criticised as 'unethical' Far-right extremists still threaten New Zealand, almost one year on from the Christchurch attacks. How old newspaper clippings in ABC archives played a key part in The Eleventh podcast about Gough Whitlam's dismissal - Radio - ABC News. Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne staff cop racist abuse amid COVID-19 coronavirus fears. Dubbo councillor Kevin Parker suspended from Bank of Queensland after sending racist joke found on Facebook. It was banned by the Nazis, Stalin and the Vatican. This is the surprising history of the saxophone. RSL bans Welcome to Country, Aboriginal flag at Anzac Day, Remembrance Day ceremonies in WA. Refugee and Indigenous Australian experiences drawn together in exhibition by artist Vernon Ah Kee.

Why I will never forget the day I was racially abused in front of my young son.