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Health - Covid-19

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Bhutan Is the World's Unlikeliest Pandemic Success Story. On January 7, a 34-year-old man who had been admitted to a hospital in Bhutan’s capital, Thimphu, with preexisting liver and kidney problems died of COVID-19.

Bhutan Is the World's Unlikeliest Pandemic Success Story

His was the country’s first death from the coronavirus. Not the first death that day, that week, or that month: the very first coronavirus death since the pandemic began. How is this possible? Since the novel coronavirus was first identified more than a year ago, health systems in rich and poor countries have approached collapse, economies worldwide have been devastated, millions of lives have been lost. How has Bhutan—a tiny, poor nation best known for its guiding policy of Gross National Happiness, which balances economic development with environmental conservation and cultural values—managed such a feat? America has “the world’s best medical-rescue system—we have unbelievable ICUs,” Asaf Bitton, executive director of Ariadne Labs, a Boston-based center for health-systems innovation, told me. Bhutan then went further.

Why camels are worrying coronavirus hunters - BBC Future. Variants v. Vaccines - Tomas Pueyo. German translation 2021 promised to save us.

Variants v. Vaccines - Tomas Pueyo

The vaccines were finally here. It was a matter of time. 'Vaccine nationalism' echoes the disastrous mistakes made with HIV. Though HIV and Sars-CoV-2 are very different viruses, the Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted striking parallels: governments being too slow to respond; a marked impact on minority communities and a failure to understand why; a governmental response which has veered into overpolicing and victim-blaming, rather than taking every conceivable measure to help people stay safe and healthy.

'Vaccine nationalism' echoes the disastrous mistakes made with HIV

I watch with growing consternation as the world repeats the mistakes of the early response to HIV. Stories of vaccine nationalism fill the headlines, while Boris Johnson celebrates the UK having vaccinated more people than the rest of Europe combined. By the middle of January, just 25 doses of the Covid-19 vaccine had been administered across all poor countries in the world, compared with 39m in wealthier ones. JHU 6 January data count. This Is When the Fever Breaks. Donald Trump came in the wake of that.

This Is When the Fever Breaks

And then, this week, Josh Hawley. As of Wednesday morning, Hawley was the model of what a Republican senator was going to look like in the post-Trump era. He cannily understood what the party faithful wanted. 3C epiphany - The Japanese authorities understood covid-19 better than most. WHEN THE Diamond Princess, a cruise ship suffering from an outbreak of covid-19, arrived in Japan in February, it seemed like a stroke of bad luck.

3C epiphany - The Japanese authorities understood covid-19 better than most

A small floating petri dish threatened to turn the Japanese archipelago into a big one. In retrospect, however, the early exposure taught the authorities lessons that have helped make Japan’s epidemic the mildest among the world’s big economies, despite a recent surge in infections. In total 2,487 people have died of the coronavirus in Japan, just over half the number in China and fewer people than on a single day in America several times over the past week. The Swiss Cheese Model of Pandemic Defense.

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The Swiss Cheese Model of Pandemic Defense

Distance is the most effective intervention; the virus doesn’t have legs, so if you are physically distant from people, you avoid direct contact and droplets. Coronavirus Update (Live): 382,019 Cases and 16,565 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak - Worldometer. How dangerous is the virus?

April 6 (GMT) 19980 new cases and 900 new deaths in the United States An estimated additional 180 - 195 deaths per day occurring at home in New York City due to COVID-19 are not being counted in the official figures. "Early on in this crisis we were able to swab people who died at home, and thus got a coronavirus reading. But those days are long gone. We simply don't have the testing capacity for the large numbers dying at home. Now only those few who had a test confirmation *before* dying are marked as victims of coronavirus on their death certificate. This almost certainly means we are undercounting the total number of victims of this pandemic," said Mark Levine, Chair of New York City Council health committee [source] [source] – barbaragrieve

There are three parameters to understand in order to assess the magnitude of the risk posed by this novel coronavirus: Transmission Rate (Ro) - number of newly infected people from a single caseCase Fatality Rate (CFR) - percent of cases that result in death Determine whether asymptomatic transmission is possible How contagious is the Wuhan Coronavirus?

Coronavirus Update (Live): 382,019 Cases and 16,565 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak - Worldometer

(Ro) The attack rate or transmissibility (how rapidly the disease spreads) of a virus is indicated by its reproductive number (Ro, pronounced R-nought or r-zero), which represents the average number of people to which a single infected person will transmit the virus. WHO's estimated (on Jan. 23) Ro to be between 1.4 and 2.5. [13] Other studies have estimated a Ro between 3.6 and 4.0, and between 2.24 to 3.58. [23].

Public investment in vaccine. The Swiss Cheese Model of Pandemic Defense. 'A huge loss': tributes to victims of the UK's Covid second wave. In the first wave of the Covid pandemic in the UK, from March to early September, there were 41,574 deaths, according to government figures.

'A huge loss': tributes to victims of the UK's Covid second wave

As we move through the second wave and the number of people who have died within 28 days of a positive Covid test approaches 60,000, we pay tribute to some of the more recent victims. Share your tributes and memories of lives lost during the second wave. Africa's success - 2/11/20. Those We’ve Lost. Getting Wise to Fake News. The MediaWise for Seniors program will offer two free online courses, funded in large part by, well, Facebook.

Getting Wise to Fake News

The first four-week course has already filled up, but students can still enroll in a self-directed course on separating online fact from fiction. Hosted by Christiane Amanpour and Joan Lunden, it is scheduled to begin Oct. 1. “By the end, they’ll be using the techniques used by fact-checkers across the world,” including reverse image searches to determine the sources of photos and videos, said Alex Mahadevan, senior multimedia reporter at Poynter. In addition, Poynter has worked with AARP to produce Fact Tracker interactive videos on spotting and filtering misinformation. 'Why wait for it?' How to predict a pandemic. How do you predict where a deadly tropical disease such as Ebola, possibly the most virulent in the world, will appear next?

'Why wait for it?' How to predict a pandemic

Since it first emerged in a small town on the edge of a Congolese forest, it has broken out in seven other African countries, often thousands of miles apart. Sometimes it has spilled out of remote rainforest and then disappeared for years. Other times it has turned up in cities, baffling world bodies and governments that can only try to respond as fast as possible. The coronavirus pandemic in 28 charts, maps, and graphics. How to Stop the Next Pandemic. NY Times Front Page unemployment. Please Press Pause Changes from Covid. JHU 27 August. How Epidemics End.

As the historians at the University of Oslo have recently noted, in epidemic periods “the present moves faster, the past seems further removed, and the future seems completely unpredictable.” – barbaragrieve

Moral Reasoning in a Pandemic. : Lessons from Italy's lockdown. The way we live now - Covid-19 is here to stay. People will have to adapt. Editor’s note: Some of our covid-19 coverage is free for readers of The Economist Today, our daily newsletter.

Covid-19 is here for a while at least. The vulnerable will be afraid to go out and innovation will slow, creating a 90% economy that consistently fails to reach its potential. Many people will fall ill and some of them will die. You may have lost interest in the pandemic. It has not lost interest in you. ■ – barbaragrieve
The worst is to come. Based on research in 84 countries, a team at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology reckons that, for each recorded case, 12 go unrecorded and that for every two covid-19 deaths counted, a third is misattributed to other causes. Without a medical breakthrough, it says, the total number of cases will climb to 200m-600m by spring 2021. At that point, between 1.4m and 3.7m people will have died. Even then, well over 90% of the world’s population will still be vulnerable to infection—more if immunity turns out to be transient. – barbaragrieve

For more stories and our pandemic tracker, see our hub. Six month timeline - JHU. The COVID Tracking Project. Weekly COVID-19 Data Update, June 25: The US Pandemic Is Surging in the South and West The United States hit a record high for new COVID-19 cases this week. In many areas with rising case counts, testing isn’t keeping up. Meanwhile, hospitalizations in regions with big outbreaks are increasing. It's Not Just Testing As case counts surge, we look at regional and state-level numbers to find out which recent jumps in COVID-19 case counts are likely to be explained by increased testing, and which are not. How Germany got coronavirus right.

This April, Walther Leonhard got an unusual call from the authorities in Rosenheim, his hometown in southern Germany. He was being given a new job, in a new field, with a title that had just been invented, “containment scout”. Leonhard, 33, who had been working as a court officer in Munich, was soon back home and hitting the phones. He was the latest recruit into Germany’s army of Kontaktmanagers (tracers) — the foot soldiers of its strategy for containing coronavirus.

Leonhard’s job is to call people who have tested positive — and all those they have recently come into contact with — to tell them to self-isolate for a fortnight.

United Kingdom - Boris Johnson

From the plague to MERS: A brief history of pandemics. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the new coronavirus - which was first reported in the Chinese city of Wuhan late last year - a pandemic. As of May 31, there were more than 6.1 million confirmed cases of COVID-19, according to data collected by Johns Hopkins University, while the number of registered deaths worldwide stood at nearly 371,000. To date, there is no vaccine or known treatment for the new coronavirus, officially known as SARS-CoV-2. Some of the most basic defences against it include frequent and thorough handwashing with soap and water, physical distancing and self-isolation. Radical right illiberal populism.

New Zealand - Response to Covid-19

'This man knows he's dying as surely as I do': a doctor's dispatches from the NHS frontline. Death has been headline news for so long now, I am beginning to feel like a plague doctor.

The true metric of success in a pandemic is simple, the overall number of deaths prevented. The point of our response to coronavirus is not to flatten curves, ramp up headlines, protect the NHS or invent mathematically nonsensical equations: it is the prevention of unnecessary dying. – barbaragrieve
People do not die from this illness – or from any other – because they lack grit. Nor do they live by sheer pugnaciousness. – barbaragrieve
Listening to the politicians and journalists talk – loftily, from afar, an Olympian perspective – coronavirus can feel like a mathematical abstraction, an intellectual exercise played out in curves and peaks and troughs and modelling. But here in the hospital, the pandemic is a matter of flesh and blood. It unfolds one human being at a time. And when the statistics threaten to throw me off balance – the unprecedented number of deaths for peacetime – I try to keep things as small as I can. Winston used to work in the local glass factory. His wife died three years ago. He has two sons called Michael and Robert. – barbaragrieve

My next patient, an 89-year-old from a care home, is perilously ill. Despite the highest flow of oxygen we can deliver through his face mask, he is gasping for air at a rate of 40 breaths per minute, two or three times the norm. The Project Behind a Front Page Full of Names. Remembering the Nearly 100,000 Lives Lost to Coronavirus in America. The New York Times - rare to see a front page deliver such a gut punch #coronavirus #coronavirusUSA.

The Great 5G Conspiracy. Photographs by Sarah Illenberger. Sweden’s Relaxed Approach to COVID-19 Isn’t Working. Alone. Naomi Klein: How big tech plans to profit from the pandemic. For a few fleeting moments during the New York governor Andrew Cuomo’s daily coronavirus briefing on Wednesday 6 May, the sombre grimace that has filled our screens for weeks was briefly replaced by something resembling a smile. Jacobs wellbeing costs of covid 19 uk. 200506 business RA instruction manual. Coronawashing: for big, bad businesses, it's the new greenwashing. Last week, the Lancashire Post carried a feelgood yarn about a great British success story. Hospitals Are Having to Ration Essential Care. Can They Do It Fairly? Recent reports make clear that American hospitals have already had to ration lifesaving treatment for Covid-19 patients.

May 5: An important update from Airbnb - Resource Centre. Immunity certificates. Pandemic Recovery schematic. Epidemic Recovery framework. Respond, Resolve, Restore, Revitalize, Research/Relieve, and Reform. Aggressive testing and pop songs: how Vietnam contained the coronavirus. As of 30 April, Vietnam has a coronavirus death count of zero and only 270 cases. 10 key lessons for the future to be learned from fighting Covid-19. People keep saying it: everything has changed.

As the days spent in our homes blur together and become indistinguishable, outside in the world huge shifts in consciousness are happening. Vietnam has reported no coronavirus deaths – how? Vietnam – a developing country that has a large land border with China and a population of 97 million people – has not reported a single death from coronavirus. Has Sweden's coronavirus strategy played into the hands of nationalists?

Sweden has persisted with the strategy of coronavirus mitigation that the UK government eventually abandoned in March. The names and faces of healthcare workers who died fighting COVID-19. The COVID-19 Crisis. Airlines and oil giants are on the brink. No government should offer them a lifeline.

In other words, let’s have what many people were calling for long before this disaster hit: a green new deal. But please let’s stop describing it as a stimulus package. We have stimulated consumption too much over the past century, which is why we face environmental disaster. Let us call it a survival package, whose purpose is to provide incomes, distribute wealth and avoid catastrophe, without stoking perpetual economic growth. Bail out the people, not the corporations. Bail out the living world, not its destroyers. Let’s not waste our second chance. – barbaragrieve

How humans have reacted to pandemics through history – a visual guide. Conditions for relaxing social distancing measures. 'We did it to ourselves': scientist says intrusion into nature led to pandemic. Regional Director - Statement – Transition to a ‘new normal’ during the COVID-19 pandemic must be guided by public health principles. Regional Director - Statement – Invest in the overlooked and unsung: build sustainable people-centred long-term care in the wake of COVID-19. ‘So much living to do’: stories of UK's coronavirus victims. Doctors, nurses, porters, volunteers: the UK health workers who have died from Covid-19. Coronavirus is the biggest disaster for developing nations in our lifetime. Coronavirus: Should We Aim for Herd Immunity Like Sweden? Most Post-Pandemic Predictions Will Be Wrong.

Coronavirus: Prevent Seeding and Spreading - Tomas Pueyo - Medium. Coronavirus: Learning How to Dance - Tomas Pueyo - Medium. Coronavirus: The Basic Dance Steps Everybody Can Follow. Coronavirus: How to Do Testing and Contact Tracing - Tomas Pueyo - Medium. Coronavirus: The Hammer and the Dance - Tomas Pueyo - Medium.

Coronavirus: Why You Must Act Now - Tomas Pueyo - Medium. Coronavirus: Out of Many, One - Tomas Pueyo - Medium. Coronavirus Map: Tracking the Global Outbreak. The coronavirus was not engineered in a lab. Here's how we know. Covid-19 (Coronavirus) Update: Chronology of a Pandemic. Epidemics are like fires. COVID-19 and the neoliberal state of exception. Putin’s Long War Against American Science. She Kept a Diary of China’s Coronavirus Epidemic. Now She Faces a Political Storm.

Six criteria for lifting restrictions. Vietnam’s Low-Cost COVID-19 Strategy by Hong Kong Nguyen. Coronavirus is the greatest global science policy failure in a generation. Arundhati Roy: ‘The pandemic is a portal

Hope

551997 723658af51194fe5bc6d9330d5b6ece2. The Ideas That Won’t Survive the Coronavirus. The WHO v coronavirus: why it can't handle the pandemic.

But a close look at the record shows that the W.H.O. acted with greater foresight and speed than many national governments, and more than it had shown in previous epidemics. And while it made mistakes, there is little evidence that the W.H.O. is responsible for the disasters that have unfolded in Europe and then the United States. The W.H.O. needs the support of its international members to accomplish anything — it has no authority over any territory, it cannot go anywhere uninvited, and it relies on member countries for its funding. All it can offer is expertise and coordination — and even most of that is borrowed from charities and member nations. – barbaragrieve
Only with the co-operation of its member countries can the WHO get on with its day job of acquiring data, weighing them up, and dispatching consequent advice and support around the world. This applies not only to unexpected epidemics like that now raging, but also to quotidian killers such as measles, malaria, HIV, tuberculosis, polio, diarrhoea, malnutrition, cancer and diabetes. Doing that job well in the context of the epidemic involves providing information to member states on how the coronavirus can be contained, gathering evidence on which measures are effective and which not, and collecting data on everything from drug use to how doctors treat patients. The WHO also provides support for coronavirus -testing programmes, and advice about what tests should be used and how they should be executed, as well as helping to develop ways of testing the efficacy of tests. It is also co-ordinating research into, and trials of, drugs and vaccines against SARS-CoV-2. – barbaragrieve

Are You Leading Through the Crisis … or Managing the Response? Iron law of public health.

Economic impact

DATA. MEDICAL. TRUMP - United States. How Will the Coronavirus Affect Workers? Look At Past Plagues For a Hint. Amid Coronavirus, America Needs a More Just Society.