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200+ CMD Commands List (Command Prompt Codes) CMD or “Command Prompt” is a command line interpreter built right into the Windows operating system.

200+ CMD Commands List (Command Prompt Codes)

All you need to do is search for CMD and you are sure to find it. If you have ever done something geeky with your windows PC, you are sure to have used it. It can be used to perform tasks and modify system settings that are usually not available in GUI. But the main issue with CMD is that there are keywords and commands that a user must learn as there are no menus and icons to use. Most of us don’t remember these commands as there are more than 200 of them. How To Set Up & Use Windows 7 Backup & Restore Feature. It’s hardly a secret when I tell you that sooner or later you will need a backup of your personal data.

How To Set Up & Use Windows 7 Backup & Restore Feature

Do you have one right now? What keeps most people from preparing regular backups is convenience. Windows 7 features its own backup tool, also known as the Backup & Restore Feature. 6 Safest Ways to Backup & Restore Your Files in Windows 7 & 8. By now, we’re sure you’ve read the advice over and over: Everyone needs to back up their files.

6 Safest Ways to Backup & Restore Your Files in Windows 7 & 8

But deciding to back up your files is only part of the process. There are so many different ways to back up your files, and it can be hard knowing where to start. We’ll cover all the best ways you can back up your files and help you find the method that’s right for you. The options here range from free utilities already included with your Windows 7 or Windows 8 computer to cloud-based backup solutions that offer free storage or charge a fee to store your files. The most important thing is having several copies of your files — either on an external drive or in the cloud somewhere. 8 Backup Tools Explained for Windows 7 and 8. Backups on Windows can be confusing.

8 Backup Tools Explained for Windows 7 and 8

Whether you’re using Windows 7 or 8, you have quite a few integrated backup tools to think about. Windows 8 made quite a few changes, too. You can also use third-party backup software, whether you want to back up to an external drive or back up your files to online storage. We won’t cover third-party tools here — just the ones built into Windows. How To Use Backup and Restore in Windows 7. The backup utilities in previous versions of Windows have been less than spectacular resulting in a nice market for third party applications.

How To Use Backup and Restore in Windows 7

Today we take a look at the Backup and Restore feature in Windows 7 that may be their best backup tool yet. Set the Backup To set up a backup in Windows 7 open up Computer right-click on your local drive and select Properties. Then click on the Tools tab and click the Back up now button. 10+ Windows 7 services you may not need. Every version of Windows has shipped with a core set of system services that must run so that the system can perform basic operations.

10+ Windows 7 services you may not need

However, your organization may not necessarily need to have all the services running, and disabling unnecessary services can enhance performance and security. I put together a list of 13 services you can disable on your Windows 7 systems that will probably not negatively affect your business operations at all. I say "probably" for a reason. Before you take drastic action, such as disabling a service on every PC in your organization, make sure that the service you're disabling is not actually in use. Defrag from the Command-Line for More Complete Control. For more complete control of defragmentation in Windows 7, you can use the command-line defrag¬mentation tool, Defrag.exe, from an elevated command prompt.

Defrag from the Command-Line for More Complete Control

Defrag.exe has the following syntax (which is different than the syntax used for defrag in Windows Vista): Defrag <volume> | /C | /E <volumes> [/A | /X | /T] [/H] [/M] [/U] [/V]The options for Defrag.exe are: <volume> The drive letter or mount point of the volume to defragment. /C Defragment all local volumes on the computer. /E Defragment all local volumes on the computer except those specified. /A Display a fragmentation analysis report for the specified volume without defrag¬menting it. From the Microsoft Press book The Windows 7 Resource Kit by Mitch Tulloch, Tony Northrup, Jerry Honeycutt, Ed Wilson, and the Windows 7 Team at Microsoft.

12 Tips to Speed up Windows 7 - Slide 5. 5 of 12 5.

12 Tips to Speed up Windows 7 - Slide 5

Defrag Defragment your hard drive.Your disk stores data in chunks wherever there's space on disk, regardless of whether the space is contiguous for one file. Defragging tidies everything up and blocks a program's bits together so that the reader heads don't have to shuttle back and forth to read a whole executable or data file. Defragmenting Files (Windows) When a file is written to a disk, sometimes the file cannot be written in contiguous clusters.

Defragmenting Files (Windows)

Noncontiguous clusters slow down the process of reading and writing a file. The further apart on a disk the noncontiguous clusters are, the worse the issue, because of the time it takes to move the read/write head of a hard disk drive. A file with noncontiguous clusters is fragmented. To optimize files for fast access, a volume can be defragmented. Defragmentation is the process of moving portions of files around on a disk to defragment files, that is, the process of moving file clusters on a disk to make them contiguous.

Schedule Disk Defragmenter to run regularly. Get maximum performance from Windows Vista (from Windows Vista Inside Out) 10 Windows Tweaking Myths Debunked. Windows is big, complicated, and misunderstood.

10 Windows Tweaking Myths Debunked

You’ll still stumble across bad advice from time to time when browsing the web. These Windows tweaking, performance, and system maintenance tips are mostly just useless, but some are actively harmful. Luckily, most of these myths have been stomped out on mainstream sites and forums. However, if you start searching the web, you’ll still find websites that recommend you do these things. Windows Sysinternals: Documentation, downloads and additional resources. Understanding the Windows Pagefile and Why You Shouldn't Disable It. Learn Best Practices for Optimizing the Virtual Memory Configuration. In a default installation, Windows creates the page file in the root folder on the same drive that holds the Windows system files. The size of the page file is determined by the amount of RAM in your system. By default, the minimum size on a 32-bit (x86) system is 1.5 times the amount of physical RAM if physical RAM is less than 1 GB, and equal to the amount of physical RAM plus 300 MB if 1 GB or more is installed.

The default maximum size is three times the amount of RAM, regardless of how much physical RAM is installed. How to determine the appropriate page file size for 64-bit versions of Windows. System committed memory The system commit limit is the sum of physical memory and all page files combined. It represents the maximum system-committed memory (known as the “system commit charge”) that the system can back. The system commit charge is the total committed or “promised” memory of all committed virtual memory in the system. If the system commit charge reaches the system commit limit, the system and processes might not obtain committed memory. This condition can cause hangs, crashes, and other malfunctions. Free tools for Windows Server admins. There are endless software tools and utilities out there to help you in managing your network.

Here are some of the best free ones. They can help you with deploying, maintaining, troubleshooting, and upgrading Window Servers, your domain, and aid with other miscellaneous network tasks. Best Practices Analyzer Microsoft provides the Best Practices Analyzer tool right inside Windows Server, starting with Windows Server 2008 R2, available on each role’s home page in the Server Manager console. It scans and analyzes key settings of the server roles and reports compliance of them compared to the best practices standards.

It scans for a variety of rules, including those relating to predeployment, security, performance, and configuration. Core Configurator Starting with Windows Server 2008, there’s a Server Core installation option. 10+ Useful System Tools Hidden in Windows. Whether you’re using Windows 7, Windows 8, or an older version of Windows, Windows contains a variety of system utilities that are well-hidden. Some are buried deep in the Start menu, while others can only be accessed via a command. Most of these tools can be easily launched if you know their names — just open your Start menu or Start screen, search for the name of the program, and press Enter. On Windows 8, you may have to select the Settings category on the search screen first.

Windows Memory Diagnostic. What are Administrative Tools? 11 hidden tips and tweaks for Windows 10. Windows 10: Privacy tips and tricks. For as cool as it might be to use Microsoft's virtual assistant Cortana, she is also a big reason why the Windows 10 settings are so unfriendly to privacy. Start typing in the "Search Windows" box on the taskbar and Cortana wants to help…or to be turned on.

It may be a bummer to lose so many features in Windows 10, but you have to choose if you want as much privacy as possible or if you want as many Windows 10 features as possible. Sorry, but you can't have both. Five Best Windows 7 Tweaking Applications. Optimize Windows for better performance. 5 Ways To Clear Memory & Increase RAM On Your Windows Computer. RAM (random access memory), the final frontier. You’ve been with us since the PC’s invention and you always seem to run out on us. Sometimes, you even cause problems that go unnoticed until you make everything come crashing down.

Internal memory has come a long way, though. We’ll show you how you can free up memory and extend your RAM, both virtually and physically. Run ReadyBoost Microsoft’s ReadyBoost feature takes advantage of the fact that flash storage is about as quick as RAM. 256 megabytes of storage,access times of 1 millisecond or less,a read speed of 2.5 megabytes per second for 4KB random reads, along witha write speed of 1.75 megabytes per second for 512KB random rights. While the requirements were a bit intimidating at release, modern USB drives can meet these specifications with ease.

You can enable ReadyBoost by right-clicking your USB drive in My Computer, opening Properties, and then navigating to the ReadyBoost tab. Troubleshoot monitor and video card problems. Use Windows 7 System Image Recovery to restore a hard disk. How to Create and Use a Recovery Drive or System Repair Disc in Windows 8 or 10. Create a system repair disc. Beginner Geek: How to Reinstall Windows on Your Computer. Reinstalling Windows is one of the easiest ways to fix software problems on your computer, whether it’s running slow or infected by viruses.

Installing and reinstalling Windows. Resources and Tools for IT Professionals. Support. 8 Common Network Utilities Explained. Tools like ping, traceroute, lookup, whois, finger, netstat, ipconfig, and port scanners are available on nearly every operating system you can get your hands on.