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Unit 5 / IRELAND

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Belfast, Northern Ireland Murals and Billy Connolly. Art of Conflict Northern Ireland's street murals (2013) British Council. Transcript Nick: This is London, and behind me are the Houses of Parliament.

British Council

Parts of these buildings are more than nine hundred years old. This is where the laws of the UK are debated and created. The United Kingdom is actually made up of four different countries; England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Each nation has its own culture and heritage. The population of England is around fifty million people. But what are we really like? Priest: The English are a tolerant people. Woman 1 : They’re just enchanting. Woman 2 : The English people are very nice. Woman 3 : They’re so polite and so friendly. Dsep11vi. The History of St. Patrick's Day.

History - The Troubles - Violence. The legacy of the Bloody Sunday killings. In the immediate aftermath of Bloody Sunday, the British embassy in Dublin was petrol-bombed by infuriated protesters and the Mid Ulster MP Bernadette McAliskey punched the home secretary, Reginald Maudling, accusing him of lying to the Commons over what happened.

The legacy of the Bloody Sunday killings

The legacy of the killings, however, was the boost to IRA recruitment and the outrage that fuelled paramilitary violence through subsequent decades. Lord Widgery's inquiry and official exoneration of the soldiers – dismissed by nationalists as a state "cover up" – aggravated the sense of injustice. During the three previous years, the Troubles had claimed around 200 lives. In 1972, the year in which Bloody Sunday occurred, a total of 479 people died; it was Northern Ireland's worst year of carnage. The annual death rate did not fall below 200 again until 1977. "They had a very small base, small amounts of hardware and, most importantly, very little support. In his memoirs, Mister, Are You a Priest? Peace wall demolished in Belfast after dividing communities for 30 years - Irish Post. A NORTHERN Irish ‘peace wall’ has been demolished after 30 years of dividing communities in Belfast.

How a failed rebellion changed the world: The Easter Rising’s strange centennial. Everything about the Easter Rising of 1916 is controversial, including when to celebrate its centennial.

How a failed rebellion changed the world: The Easter Rising’s strange centennial

By longstanding tradition, the anniversary of the doomed rebellion that ultimately led to the creation of an independent Irish state is celebrated on Easter Monday, the day picked by the insurgents for the most overtly Catholic revolt in the long history of Irish-British discord. So the centennial observation of the Rising happened in Dublin last week, complete with speeches, parades, wreath-laying ceremonies and the kinds of Irish sectarian disputes that are nearly impossible to explain to outsiders. (A small group of protesters described as “dissident republicans” — essentially a fragment of a fragment of the old IRA — were angry that the observance encompassed not just the Irish martyrs of the Rising but also the British soldiers who died in suppressing it.) As a historical matter, however, that’s complete nonsense.

Inside Divided Belfast. IRA ceasefire 20 years on: The priest who brokered the peace. It is an iconic image, encapsulating the horror of the Troubles.

IRA ceasefire 20 years on: The priest who brokered the peace

Father Alec Reid kneels in a Belfast car park as he administers the last rites over the bloodied, near naked body of a British soldier. Two British Army corporals had just been tortured and shot in broad daylight after driving into an IRA funeral. The violence in Northern Ireland seemed to have spiralled completely out of control. Yet the contents of a blood soaked envelope Fr Reid was carrying that day would set in motion a chain of events that led to an IRA ceasefire, and ultimately a lasting peace.

Twenty years on from the IRA's ceasefire on 31 August 1994, veteran BBC journalist and author Peter Taylor has been reflecting on the part Fr Reid played in stopping the violence. "The role Fr Reid played in bringing about the peace process was absolutely critical. Just how did a priest come to play such a crucial part in the peace process? Early days Engaging in dialogue It was a high risk strategy. 14 dark days. 1969 Northern Ireland Riots and and the Catholic-Protestant Conflict. Easter Rising: Centenary parade takes place in Dublin. Video: Peace wall is demolished in north Belfast.

17 reasons you should visit Belfast immediately. Belfast may not be the most obvious choice for a city break, but it’s fast becoming one of the UK’s coolest cities.

17 reasons you should visit Belfast immediately

A colourful mix of art, music, history, great food and beautiful landscapes make it a must visit destination. And if you still need convincing, here are 17 reasons why you should visit Belfast: 1. The Cathedral Quarter Belfast has recently been divided into ‘quarters’, each with it’s own character and charm. 2. Belfast has been through some prosperous and challenging times in the last century, and its residents are proud of their history. 3. Probably Belfast’s best-known tourist attraction is its black taxi tours. 4. Belfast still split by 'Peace Walls' Northern Ireland: Deal To Demolish 'Peace' Walls. By David Blevins, Ireland Correspondent An ambitious plan to demolish Northern Ireland's so-called "peace" walls within a decade has been announced by Downing Street.

Northern Ireland: Deal To Demolish 'Peace' Walls