Astronomers Do It In The Dark - astrophotography, astronomical photos, astronomical photography, astro photos, astro photography, Dark Nebulae, IC Nebulae, Reflection Nebulae, Open Clusters, Abell Galaxies, Spiral Galaxies, Galaxy Clusters, Planetary Nebu. About the Kavli Prize. “The Kavli Prizes recognize three scientific areas we believe are exceptionally exciting in the 21st Century and at the brink of remarkable discoveries – astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience.
Created to honor, support and recognize scientists whose work have had a profound impact in these areas, through these Prizes we also hope to raise people's awareness of the benefits of basic science in their own lives. . ” — Fred Kavli, founder of The Kavli Foundation Science prizes for the 21st century, the Kavli Prizes recognize scientists for their seminal advances in three research areas: astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience. Consisting of a scroll, medal and cash award of one million dollars, a prize in each of these areas is awarded every two years beginning in 2008. Jan Fridthjof Bernt, President of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. To learn more about the Kavli Prize, please go to www.kavliprize.no. Mystery of cosmic rays' origin finally solved - physics-math - 14 February 2013. Video: Stellar cataclysm The protons that constantly smack into Earth's atmosphere at near the speed of light get their huge energies from exploding stars.
At least that's what physicists and astronomers had long suspected, but direct evidence for the idea has been difficult to come by – until now. Cosmic rays are any charged particles arriving at Earth from space. Nearly all of them are protons, and some have been accelerated to speeds higher than any achieved by a particle accelerator on Earth. Although we have known about cosmic rays since 1912, their origins have remained a puzzle. "It's a 100-year-old mystery," says Stefan Funk of the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in Menlo Park, California.
Physicists suspected that one possible source was the violent outburst of a supernova within the Milky Way. "Eventually their energy gets large enough that they can leave the shock region," Funk says. Total scramble Another approach to the problem was needed – and gamma rays provided it. Other matter. About MAST. History: The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) was already operating an efficient archive for distribution of the Hubble Space Telescope data in 1997, when the International Ultraviolet Explorer mission ended and NASA began to search for a permanent home for the IUE data archive.
The clear synergy between HST and IUE science made it logical to combine the data into a single archive. Soon thereafter NASA made STScI the archive center for data from similar space-based missions with data in the Ultraviolet/Optical/Near-IR range. The name Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST) was chosen to convey that the broader focus of the extended archive. On April 5, 2012, the archive was named the Barbara A.
Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) to honor Senator Mikulski for her career-long achievements and becoming the longest-serving woman in U.S. About CANDELS. CANDELS: A Cosmic Odyssey CANDELS is a powerful imaging survey of the distant Universe being carried out with two cameras on board the Hubble Space Telescope.
CANDELS is the largest project in the history of Hubble, with 902 assigned orbits of observing time. This is the equivalent of four months of Hubble time if executed consecutively, but in practice CANDELS will take three years to complete (2010-2013). The core of CANDELS is the revolutionary near-infrared WFC3 camera, installed on Hubble in May 2009. WFC3 is sensitive to longer, redder wavelengths, which permits it to follow the stretching of lightwaves caused by the expanding Universe. What will CANDELS measure? CANDELS is designed to focus on two critical epochs in cosmic evolution. At "Cosmic Dawn", less than 1 billion years after the Big Bang, the first seeds of cosmic structure began to take shape. Compile the first definitive census of "infant" galaxies.
CMB. Cosmic Background Radiation : One of the foremost cosmological discoveries was the detection of the cosmic background radiation.
The discovery of an expanding Universe by Hubble was critical to our understanding of the origin of the Universe, known as the Big Bang. However, a dynamic Universe can also be explained by the steady state theory. The MareNostrum Universe.
Dark Matter. Quantum Entanglement. CERN Confirms New Particle. The Higgs boson is a potential key to understanding why elementary particles have mass and to the existence of diversity and life in the universe.
Both the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN observed a new particle in the mass region around 125-126 GeV, physicists announced at a seminar held at CERN yesterday. Boson de Higgs.