Foreign Relations/ Diplomacy

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Superpower. A superpower is a state with a dominant position in international relations and is characterised by its unparalleled ability to exert influence or project power on a global scale.

Superpower

This is done through the means of both military and economic strength, as well as diplomatic and soft power influence. Traditionally superpowers are preeminent among the great powers (i.e as the USA is today). The term first applied to the British Empire, the United States of America and the Soviet Union. However, following World War II and the Suez Crisis in 1956, the British Empire's status as a superpower was greatly diminished; for the duration of the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union came to be generally regarded as the two remaining superpowers, dominating world affairs. Polarity in international relations. Polarity in international relations is any of the various ways in which power is distributed within the international system.

Polarity in international relations

It describes the nature of the international system at any given period of time. One generally distinguishes four types of systems: unipolarity, bipolarity, tripolarity, and multipolarity for four or more centers of power. Diplomatic immunity. Diplomatic immunity is a form of legal immunity that ensures that diplomats are given safe passage and are considered not susceptible to lawsuit or prosecution under the host country's laws, although they can still be expelled.

Diplomatic immunity

It was agreed as international law in the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961), though the concept and custom have a much longer history. Many principles of diplomatic immunity are now considered to be customary law. Diplomatic immunity as an institution developed to allow for the maintenance of government relations, including during periods of difficulties and even armed conflict. When receiving diplomats—who formally represent the sovereign—the receiving head of state grants certain privileges and immunities to ensure they may effectively carry out their duties, on the understanding that these are provided on a reciprocal basis.

The Diplomat. I Want Your Job: Foreign Office diplomat - Getting a Job, Career Planning. What does your job involve?

I Want Your Job: Foreign Office diplomat - Getting a Job, Career Planning

Policy jobs at the Foreign Office are either based around a country or region, like Pakistan or Africa; or a theme, like counter-terrorism or human rights. I'm head of a team working on the European Union's common foreign policy, which is where the 27 member countries of the EU act together externally. That might mean the EU training Iraqi judges and prosecutors; running a border checkpoint with the Palestinians between Gaza and Egypt; or calling on the Sudanese president to accept blue-helmeted UN peacekeepers in Darfur. When an action is proposed, we look at the legal base for it, its budget and, more broadly, what the UK thinks about it. Why do you love your job?

Career Center Article - So, You Want to Be a Diplomat? September 4, 2012 Leslie (Les) McBee, Diplomat in Residence (DIR) at Cal from 2005-2007, offers his insights about how to prepare for an international affairs career and life as a diplomat.

Career Center Article - So, You Want to Be a Diplomat?

Les came to Cal from a posting as Consul General for the south of France, Corsica, and Monaco. The Geographical Pivot of History. "The Geographical Pivot of History" was an article submitted by Halford John Mackinder in 1904 to the Royal Geographical Society that advanced his Heartland Theory.[1] In this article, Mackinder extended the scope of geopolitical analysis to encompass the entire globe.

The Geographical Pivot of History

The World-Island and the Heartland[edit] According to Mackinder, the Earth's land surface was divisible into: Diplomat. Diplomats are the oldest form of any of the foreign policy institutions of the state, predating by centuries foreign ministers and ministerial offices.

Diplomat

Etymology[edit] Diplomat is derived from the Greek διπλωμάτης, diplōmátēs, the holder of a diploma (a folded paper, literally a "folding"), referring in this case not to an educational certificate but to a diplomat's letters of accreditation, which enable him or her to carry out duties on behalf of one country or institution within the jurisdiction of another country or institution. Terminology[edit] Function[edit] Diplomatic corps. Diplomatic Corps plaque used on some Embassies and Diplomatic Missions The diplomatic corps or corps diplomatique is the collective body of foreign diplomats accredited to a particular country or body.

Diplomatic corps

The diplomatic corps may, in certain contexts, refer to the collection of accredited heads of mission (ambassadors, high commissioners, and others) who represent their countries in another state or country. Diplomacy. Diplomacy (from the Greek δίπλωμα, meaning a folded paper or document) is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.

Diplomacy

It usually refers to international diplomacy, the conduct of international relations[2] through the intercession of professional diplomats with regard to issues of peace-making, trade, war, economics, culture, environment, and human rights. International treaties are usually negotiated by diplomats prior to endorsement by national politicians. In an informal or social sense, diplomacy is the employment of tact to gain strategic advantage or to find mutually acceptable solutions to a common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a non-confrontational, or polite manner. The scholarly discipline of diplomatics, dealing with the study of old documents, derives its name from the same source, but its modern meaning is quite distinct from the activity of diplomacy. History[edit]