Why the stupid think they’re smart. Psychologists have shown humans are poor judges of their own abilities, from sense of humour to grammar. Those worst at it are the worst judges of all. You’re pretty smart right? Clever, and funny too. Of course you are, just like me. But wouldn’t it be terrible if we were mistaken? Psychologists have shown that we are more likely to be blind to our own failings than perhaps we realise. This could explain why some incompetent people are so annoying, and also inject a healthy dose of humility into our own sense of self-regard. In 1999, Justin Kruger and David Dunning, from Cornell University, New York, tested whether people who lack the skills or abilities for something are also more likely to lack awareness of their lack of ability.
Kruger and Dunning were interested in testing another kind of laughing matter. As you might expect, most people thought their ability to tell what was funny was above average. This finding was not a quirk of trying to measure subjective sense of humour. Why the stupid think they’re smart. Why you think you're better than everyone else. The congruence bias is why we all jump to conclusions and stay there. The whole gateway drug thing is so flawed in so many ways. One being that though many people who are smack addicts started with pot, there are also many people that only ever smoke pot and never moved to heroin. What makes a lot more sense is that being a heroin addict would tend to suggest that you are open to trying drugs of all sorts so it stands to reason that you've probably done all kinds of drugs legal and otherwise before you reached the end.
But you know what, even if weed was a gateway drug, so what? Is it more of a gateway drug than alcohol or tobacco? You know it's kind of like the gay marriage thing reached the point where you cannot make any legitimate argument for why it should remain illegal that doesn't somehow rely on religious thought. How Your Mistakes Can Make You a More Rational Person. The Framing Effect makes people accept deaths and pay fines. I always referred to this as "perceived value". My first hand experience with it is a little convoluted... I was working as an art dealer for a small art gallery in the USA that also sold fine jewelry.
At that time I also had a friend that spent half the year in China every year. One year, he stumbled across a small village that sold uncleaned, crudely strung, fresh water pearls for $1 US a strand and called me. I had him ship me 20 strands, paid him $2 per strand for the trouble, and had a jeweler friend clean and restring them for me with cheap clasps at a cost of $6 per strand. Real pearls, not cultured pearls, I'm more than doubling my investment (after the gallery owner's cut) at the price point I'd set.... So... I set them out with prices (depending on how high my own opinion was of each one) of $90-$125, and set a small sign in the front of the display. The sign read "On Sale: Regular prices ranged from $180~$140". Sold out in a day at a massive profit. Memory Is Inherently Fallible, And That's a Good Thing. How much can you trust your memory? Not a whole lot, according to Daniela Schiller, a Mount Sinai School of Medicine neuroscientist.
To a packed audience at MIT Technology Review’s 2013 EmTech conference on Wednesday, Schiller explained how research in her lab and others is uncovering how memories are tweaked each time they are recalled. “This decade is the time of a revolution in the way we perceive memory,” Schiller told attendees. For the previous century, the accepted view was that once captured and stored in neural circuits in the brain, a memory could be retrieved but could not be rewritten. In that view, every time an experience is relived, it is the same, over and over. Now, however, researchers understand that that the process of recalling a memory actually changes it. “We don’t really remember the original; we remember the revised version,” she said. So how much can we trust our memory? But there is a positive side to our moldable memories. La morale, un talent de société*Le Webinet des Curiosités. Enfin une mesure qui fait presque l’unanimité!
L’idée d’introduire des cours de morale à l’école, émise par le Ministre de l’Education en avril dernier, recueille les suffrages de neuf Français sur dix. Un tel plébiscite est révélateur de l’exaspération croissante de l’opinion publique vis-à-vis des actes d’incivilité. L’intention de Vincent Peillon est louable, mais est-ce vraiment le sens de la morale qui fait défaut à nos d’jeuns? Universel sentiment d’injustice L’école est bien sûr un lieu propice pour réfléchir à des questions d’éthique un peu délicates, le droit à mourir, la procréation pour le compte d’autrui etc.
Tout commence par »C’est pas juste, lui il a eu droit à ça et pas moi! Même phénomène avec les singes. La psychologie expérimentale au service de la philo © Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Bon, mais direz-vous, la morale ne consiste pas seulement à exiger d’être traité aussi bien que les autres, ça c’est juste défendre son intérêt bien compris. Forer effect. A related and more general phenomenon is that of subjective validation. Subjective validation occurs when two unrelated or even random events are perceived to be related because a belief, expectation, or hypothesis demands a relationship.
Thus people seek a correspondence between their perception of their personality and the contents of a horoscope. Forer's demonstration On average, the students rated its accuracy as 4.26 on a scale of 0 (very poor) to 5 (excellent). Only after the ratings were turned in was it revealed that each student had received an identical sketch assembled by Forer from a newsstand astrology book. The sketch contains statements that are vague and general enough to most people.
In another study examining the Forer effect, students took the MMPI personality assessment and researchers evaluated their responses. The Forer effect is also known as the "Barnum effect". Repeating the study Variables influencing the effect Recent research Madness of Crowds: Single Ants Beat Colonies At Easy Choices. Virtually every article or documentary about ants takes a moment to fawn over their incredible collective achievements.
Together, ant colonies can raise gardens and livestock, build living rafts, run vaccination programmes, overpower huge prey, deter elephants, and invade continents. No individual could do any of this; it takes a colony to pull off such feats. But ants can also screw up. Like all animal collectives, they face situations when the crowd’s wisdom turns into foolishness. Takao Sasaki and Stephen Pratt from Arizona State University found one such example among house-hunting Temnothorax ants. When they need to find a new nest, workers spread out from their colony to search for good real estate. But Sasaki showed that this only happens if their choice is difficult. When a worker finds a new potential home, it judges the site’s quality for itself. In past experiments, the team have always found that ant colonies make better decisions than individual workers. Learned Helplessness. The Misconception: If you are in a bad situation, you will do whatever you can do to escape it.
The Truth: If you feel like you aren’t in control of your destiny, you will give up and accept whatever situation you are in. In 1965, a scientist named Martin Seligman started shocking dogs. He was trying to expand on the research of Pavlov – the guy who could make dogs salivate when they heard a bell ring. Seligman wanted to head in the other direction, and when he rang his bell instead of providing food he zapped them with electricity. To keep them still, he restrained them in a harness during the experiment. After they were conditioned, he put these dogs in a big box with a little fence dividing it into two halves. You are just like these dogs. If, over the course of your life, you have experienced crushing defeat or pummeling abuse or loss of control, you learn over time there is no escape, and if escape is offered, you will not act – you become a nihilist who trusts futility above optimism.
How Upvote/Downvote Sites like Reddit Breed Irrational Herd Behavior. What I want are different kinds of up votes and down votes that explain my reasoning more clearly as to why I'm giving said vote. Slashdot kind of had something like this. You could vote something as "insightful" or "relevant" and you could vote something as "funny. " You could then filter comment threads in favor of funny or insight and ignore the rest. Sometimes people just reply to your serious stuff with the needlessly twee and, honestly, you don't give a fuck about their Internet comedy show, right? So rate them "plus one funny," to reward the Internet version of street busking, and move on. Now, how much you wanna bet some IO9 wiseacre comes after me with a gruff looking Sam the Eagle image macro after such stuffy seriousness? 47 Mind-Blowing Psychological Facts You Should Know About Yourself.
I’ve decided to start a series called 100 Things You Should Know about People. As in: 100 things you should know if you are going to design an effective and persuasive website, web application or software application. Or maybe just 100 things that everyone should know about humans! The order that I’ll present these 100 things is going to be pretty random. So the fact that this first one is first doesn’t mean that’s it’s the most important.. just that it came to mind first. Dr. Susan Weinschenk is the author of Neuro Web Design: What makes them click? <div class="slide-intro-bottom"><a href=" Les perversions de la culture du résultat Le perfologue le blog du manager entrepreneur. The Importance of Goodhart's Law. This article introduces Goodhart's law, provides a few examples, tries to explain an origin for the law and lists out a few general mitigations. Goodhart's law states that once a social or economic measure is turned into a target for policy, it will lose any information content that had qualified it to play such a role in the first place. wikipedia The law was named for its developer, Charles Goodhart, a chief economic advisor to the Bank of England.
The much more famous Lucas critique is a relatively specific formulation of the same. The most famous examples of Goodhart's law should be the soviet factories which when given targets on the basis of numbers of nails produced many tiny useless nails and when given targets on basis of weight produced a few giant nails. Numbers and weight both correlated well in a pre-central plan scenario.
After they are made targets (in different times and periods), they lose that value. A speculative origin of Goodhart's law The mitigations to Goodhart's law. How Companies Learn Your Secrets. How to Think Like Sherlock Holmes — And Have a Better Life. I remember I was on some antibiotic or combination of antibiotics and something. It was having weird effects. But one of the effects was that I was emotionless and could look at something and see three steps beyond.
This person has been in an abusive relationship. The way he walks indicates he had broken leg and healed wrong. In a fight if you want to run away, he won't be able to chase as effectively. Don't make statements about this persons love life or mother. Average person, married with 1-2 kids. Lasted about 12 hours.
I realize I could be completely wrong. Humorously enough, if you give people enough time they end up saying all these things anyway. I remember thinking, shut up, don't say anything or else you'll make a fool out of yourself (as I would have), but it was unreal. Jedi Mind Tricks: 17 Lesser Known Ways to Persuade People. Want to know how to persuade people online and get what you want? The power of influence is usually all that separates the successful from everyone else.
These are some tactics, discovered through psychological research, that you have probably not yet heard about, but have the potential to increase your persuasive abilities. I’m not going to cover reciprocity, scarcity or social proof and all those widely known persuasion principles. You already know all about those (in case you don’t, stop everything and read this book by Cialdini). Related: How Nike’s Making Persuasive Product Pages 1. The best way to persuade audiences that are not inclined to agree with you, is to talk fast. Want to boost persuasive power? Don Moore from Carnegie Mellon’s Center for Behavioral Decision Research has published research showing that confidence even trumps past accuracy in earning the trust of others. People naturally associate confidence with expertise. 2. Light swearing, that is. Image credit 3. 4. 5. 6. Terminology - What is the name of the effect whereby socialising in a group reinforces group beliefs? - Cognitive Sciences Beta - Stack Exchange.
All the points Jeromy made in his first answer can be integrated when you view this from the perspective of Self Categorization Theory (Turner et al., 1987) or newer develoments in social psychology which link Social Identity Theory and Self Categorization Theory (Haslam et al., 2009). To be sure, what I am about to say refers to the situation that an individual does already identify with a certain group. The basic idea is that within a social context, certain cues can make the membership with a certain group salient, which leads to self categorization as a group member (instead of categorization as an individual). This in turn will lead to a heightened awareness of and conformity to norms, values or behaviours that belong to the group. Certain behaviours might even be essential to the definition of that group, like in your example. Racial-ethnic minority participants view health promotion behaviors as White middle class and unhealthy behaviors as in-group defining (Studies 1 and 2).
10 Psychological Experiments That Went Horribly Wrong. Psychology as we know it is a relatively young science, but since its inception it has helped us to gain a greater understanding of ourselves and our interactions with the world. Many psychological experiments have been valid and ethical, allowing researchers to make new treatments and therapies available, and giving other insights into our motivations and actions.
Sadly, others have ended up backfiring horribly — ruining lives and shaming the profession. Here are ten psychological experiments that spiraled out of control. 10. Stanford Prison Experiment Prisoners and guards In 1971, social psychologist Philip Zimbardo set out to interrogate the ways in which people conform to social roles, using a group of male college students to take part in a two-week-long experiment in which they would live as prisoners and guards in a mock prison. 9. Wendell Johnson, of the University of Iowa, who was behind the study Theodore Kaczynski, the Unabomber, also seen top 7. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1. David Reimer. L’impact de nos mouvements de tête sur nos jugements. How Online Companies Get You to Share More and Spend More | Wired Magazine. Terminology - What is the term for human beings' tendency to obey without thinking? - Cognitive Sciences Beta - Stack Exchange. The Wrong Way to Plan for the Future.
Religion can improve your self-control — even if you don't believe in God. Darwin aurait tort : l’expression faciale des émotions n'est pas universelle. How to Design Behavior. Empathy doesn't extend across the political aisle. Habits: How They Form And How To Break Them. Thou shalt not commit logical fallacies. Cheater! Psychology And Advertising. Le libre-arbitre existe-t-il ? Study posits a theory of moral behavior. People Aren't Smart Enough for Democracy to Flourish, Scientists Say.
Learned Helplessness. Fanboyism and Brand Loyalty. The Just-World Fallacy. Confirmation Bias. Misattribution of Arousal. The Benjamin Franklin Effect. The Illusion of Asymmetric Insight. 6 Weird Things That Influence Bad Behavior More Than Laws. 5 Shocking Ways You Overestimate Yourself. 4 Cliché Movie Moments Explained by Psychology. The 5 Weirdest Things That Influence How Your Food Tastes. 5 Ways 'Common Sense' Lies To You Everyday. 5 Things You Do Every Day That Are Actually Addictions. Fundamental attribution error. 5 Logical Fallacies That Make You Wrong More Than You Think. The 6 Weirdest Things That Are Ruining Your Memory. 5 Creepy Forms of Mind Control You're Exposed to Daily.
5 Cheap Tricks TV Shows Use To Keep You Watching. 6 Shocking Ways TV Rewires Your Brain. 6 Brainwashing Techniques They're Using On You Right Now. 6 Things You Won't Believe Can Brainwash You On Election Day. 5 Insane Ways Words Can Control Your Mind. 5 Bizarre Brain Hacks That Make You Better at Sports. 6 Counterintuitive Tricks to Beating Popular Game Shows. 4 Reasons Humans Will Never Understand Each Other. Herd behavior. Cognitive Dissonance: Why do people need to have a belief in 'something' Why do facts not matter to some people. Public Opinion: Why do people appear to be so systematically misinformed about basic facts. How stupid people make fools of us all. Stumbling - David Brooks: The social animal.