background preloader

Diseases

Facebook Twitter

IDF diabetes atlas - Home. Online Interactive Modules. Diabetes is one of the largest global health emergencies of the 21st century.

Online Interactive Modules

Each year more and more people live with this condition, which can result in life-changing complications. The rapid global growth in all types of diabetes means there is an urgent need to increase the capacity of health professionals and other health workers to be able to provide education and care to people with diabetes, especially in low and middle income countries. The IDF online interactive modules are aimed to ensure the best possible education in a flexible, self-paced environment that makes use of the latest learning technologies available to health professionals wherever they are in the world, so that they are equipped to provide optimal management for the estimated 415 million people living with diabetes.

Who are the online modules for? MMS: Error. Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:  US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Corresponding Author: Albert L.

Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:  US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Siu, MD, MSPH (chair@uspstf.net). Authors/US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) members include the following individuals: Albert L. Siu, MD, MSPH; Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, PhD, MD, MAS; David C. Grossman, MD, MPH; Karina W. Davidson, PhD, MASc; John W. Affiliations of Authors/US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) members: Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York (Siu); James J.

Author Contributions: Dr Siu had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. The mysteries of type 2 diabetes in developing countries. Opinion: Resisting expanding disease empires: why we shouldn’t label healthy people as sick. Video: Simon Manyara and AMPATH. Depression affects the body as well as the mind, study finds. Depression is a condition which affects the body as well as the mind, a new study has suggested.

Depression affects the body as well as the mind, study finds

An international team of researchers has found that the illness causes an imbalance in how the body attacks harmful molecules. The disorder causes a change of the oxidative stress, which is an imbalance in the production of free radicals and the body’s ability to neutralise them with antioxidants. Depression should therefore be treated as a disease which impacts a person’s physical and mental health, the study found. To investigate how depression changes the body, researchers lead by a team at the University of Granada in Spain carried out a meta-analysis of 29 previous studies involving 3,961 people. The evidence published in the 'Journal of Clinical Psychiatry’ suggested that patients with depression who underwent treatment saw imbalances in oxidative stress parameters restored, and saw a reduction in antioxidant substances in their blood reach normal levels. WHO Factsheet: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)

Global atlas on cardiovascular disease prevention and control. WHO fact sheet: Diabetes. Diabetes Atlas (International Diabetes Federation) Web page: WHO diabetes programme. Journal: The Lancet 24 May 2008: special issue on diabetes. Article: Diabetes care in sub-Saharan Africa. Article: The insulin dilemma in resource-limited countries. A way forward? Article: Prognosis of diabetes in the developing world. WHO fact sheet: cancer. Report: cancer incidence in five continents.

Report: World cancer report 2008. Article: Expansion of cancer care and control in countries of low and middle income: a call to action. Article: Cancer control in developing countries: using health data and health services research to measure and improve access, quality and efficiency. Describing Quality of Cancer Control in Developing Countries We consider the four principal approaches of cancer control to be cancer prevention, early detection, diagnosis/treatment and palliation, as described by the World Health Organization [5].

Article: Cancer control in developing countries: using health data and health services research to measure and improve access, quality and efficiency

We will describe what is known about the quality of oncology services for cancer control in developing countries in terms of Donabedian's framework [6]. Donabedian describes quality assessment in terms of structure, process and outcome [6]. Structure refers to the attributes of the setting where care is delivered. This includes material resources, human resources and organizational structure. Structure of Oncology Services in Developing Countries There is a limited but growing body of literature describing the current status of cancer treatment resources, particularly for radiation therapy, in developing countries. Narcotics such as morphine are irreplaceable for controlling severe pain from cancer and other serious medical conditions. Article: Global cancer patterns: causes and prevention. WHO fact sheet: Mental disorders. Article: Mental health and the global agenda. Article: grand challenges in global mental health. Article: No health without mental health.

Article: Barriers to improvement of mental health services in low-income and middle-income countries. WHO fact sheet: Depression. Report: Integrating mental health into primary care: a global perspective. WHO web page: What are neurological disorders? Q: What are neurological disorders and how many people are affected by them?

WHO web page: What are neurological disorders?

A: Neurological disorders are diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. In other words, the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles. These disorders include epilepsy, Alzheimer disease and other dementias, cerebrovascular diseases including stroke, migraine and other headache disorders, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, neuroinfections, brain tumours, traumatic disorders of the nervous system such as brain trauma, and neurological disorders as a result of malnutrition. Mental disorders, on the other hand, are "psychiatric illnesses" or diseases which appear primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling or behaviour, producing either distress or impairment of function.

Hundreds of millions of people worldwide are affected by neurological disorders. Related links. Document: Neurological Disorders: Public Health Challenges. Book chapter: Neurological Disorders - Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa - NCBI Bookshelf. WHO web page: Blindness. Journal edition on prevalence and causes of vision loss in different parts of the world. WHO web page: Deafness and hearing loss. Article: Global and regional hearing impairment prevalence: an analysis of 42 studies in 29 countries. Article: A time for action: Opportunities for preventing the growing burden and disability from musculoskeletal conditions in low- and middle-income countries. WHO fact sheet: Asthma. WHO fact sheet: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Report: global surveillance, prevention and control of chronic respiratory diseases. Article: Interpreting COPD Prevalence Estimates: What Is the True Burden of Disease? Study objectives: To summarize the available data on COPD prevalence and assess reasons for conflicting prevalence estimates in the published literature.

Article: Interpreting COPD Prevalence Estimates: What Is the True Burden of Disease?

Design: We reviewed published studies that (1) estimated COPD prevalence for a population, and (2) clearly described the methods used to obtain the estimates. Results: Thirty-two sources of COPD prevalence rates, representing 17 countries and eight World Health Organization-classified regions, were identified and reviewed. Prevalence estimates were based on spirometry (11 studies), respiratory symptoms (14 studies), patient-reported disease (10 studies), or expert opinion. Reported prevalence ranged from 0.23 to 18.3%. The lowest prevalence rates (0.2 to 2.5%) were based on expert opinion.

Article: Global, regional, and national age–sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Figure 1 Components of GBD 2013 and their relations ICD=International Classification of Diseases.

Article: Global, regional, and national age–sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

BTL=basic tabulation list. MI ratio=mortality:incidence ratio. CODEm=Cause of Death Ensemble model. Figure 2. Report: Life course perspectives on coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes.