Robert Rauschenberg Robert Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the pop art movement. Rauschenberg is well known for his " Combines " of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in innovative combinations. Rauschenberg was both a painter and a sculptor and the Combines are a combination of both, but he also worked with photography , printmaking , papermaking , and performance. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] He was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1993. [ 3 ] Rauschenberg lived and worked in New York City as well as on Captiva Island , Florida until his death from heart failure on May 12, 2008. [ 4 ] [ edit ] Life and career
Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art . His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became a renowned and sometimes controversial artist. The Andy Warhol Museum in his native city, Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania, holds an extensive permanent collection of art and archives. It is the largest museum in the United States dedicated to a single artist.
Edvard Munch For the 1974 film, see Edvard Munch (film) . Edvard Munch ( Norwegian: [ˈɛdvɑʁd ˈmʉŋk] ; [ 1 ] 12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944) [ 2 ] was a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose intensely evocative treatment of psychological themes built upon some of the main tenets of late 19th-century Symbolism and greatly influenced German Expressionism in the early 20th century. One of his most well-known works is The Scream of 1893. [ edit ] Life [ edit ] Childhood Edvard Munch was born in a rustic farmhouse in the village of Ådalsbruk in Løten , to Christian Munch, the son of a priest.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 May 1880 – 15 June 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War , but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as " degenerate " by the Nazis and in 1937 over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. In 1938 he committed suicide by gunshot. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Life and work Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was born in Aschaffenburg , Bavaria . [ 2 ] In 1901, he began studying architecture at the Königliche Technische Hochschule ( technical university ) of Dresden . Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Eduardo Paolozzi Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi KBE RA (7 March 1924 – 22 April 2005) was a Scottish sculptor and artist . He was a major figure in the international art sphere, while, working on his own interpretation and vision of the world. Paolozzi investigated how we can fit into the modern world to resemble our fragmented civilization through imagination and fantasy. By the dramatic juxtaposition of ideas in his work, he lets us see the confusion as well as the inspiration. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Early years
all messed up by anna greber this really reminds me of other graphics books i've got by designers likeed fella, tomato, paula scher, david carson, in that it has such a highend, intelligent concept: the design is really original -loads of tonguein cheek ironic crossings out, marks, mess-ups that made me smile, so postdesign!!- and the work by all the different designers is never less thenbeautiful...definitely one of those rare must-have design tomes....itcertainly has inspired me to start looking at mistakes, randominterventions differently. a really cool book!
J. M. W. Turner Joseph Mallord William "J. M. W."
Leonardo da Vinci
Yulia Brodskaya :
Michel Eugène Chevreul « colorsystem The purpose of the system is to establish a law of «Simultaneous Contrast». had probably been the first to notice that, when observed adjacently, colours will influence each other. , however, was the first to specifically draw attention to these associated contrasts. Chevreul designed a whose radii, in addition to the three primaries of red, yellow and blue, depict three secondary mixtures of orange, green and violet as well as six further secondary mixtures. The resultant sectors were each subdivided into five zones and all radii were separated into 20 segments to accommodate the different brightness levels. This is the first time that we have been confronted with the active role of the brain in the formation of colours, and we should once more remind ourselves that colours are also effects which are created in the world inside our heads. (Detailed text)