Philosophy Now | How To Be A Philosopher Articles Ian Ravenscroft philosophizes about philosophizing. 1. Philosophers rarely get worked up about clothing. One of the intriguing things about authorities and authoritarian regimes is their fascination with uniforms and playing dress-up. 2. Philosophers eat all sorts of things, just like everyone else. 3. Anything you like. 4. To be a good philosopher you need to read a lot of good philosophy. Sometimes what you need to know is buried in an especially dull book, in which case you just have to grit your teeth and plough through. Over the last twenty years a large number of philosophical dictionaries, handbooks and companions/study guides have sprang up. 5. When I was an undergraduate I was told that philosophy was concerned with Truth, Beauty and the Good. There are philosophers who refuse to engage with scientific research which bears on their field of interest. 6. In philosophy you can hold any position you like – so long as you can back it up with a good argument. 7. 8. 9.
Creatures on the beach: Theo Jansen on TED Dutch sculptor Theo Jansen shares the story of his “Strandbeests,” eerily lifelike kinetic sculptures that he has built from plastic tubes, old lemonade bottles and plastic ties. He hopes that these artificial life forms, as he calls them, will one day survive on their own, crawling the beaches of Holland. (Recorded March 2007 in Monterey, California. Duration: 8:25.) Watch Theo Jansen’s talk on TED.com, where you can download it, rate it, comment on it and find other talks and performances. Read more about Theo Jansen on TED.com. NEW: Read the transcript >> I would like to tell you about a project which I started about 16 years ago, and it’s about making new forms of life, and these are made of this kind of tube: (points to construction of conduit tubing) electricity tube, we call it in Holland, and we can start a film about that and we can see a little bit backwards in time. (Narration:) Eventually these beasts are going to live in herds on the beaches. (walking animal “Animaris Ondula”)
The Blind Watchmaker Apple Computer, Inc. makes no warranties, either express or implied, regarding the enclosed software package, its merchantability, or its fitness for any particular purpose. The exclusion of implied warranties is not permitted by some states. The above exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty provides you with specific legal rights. There may be other rights that you may have which vary from state to state. Macintosh System Tools are copyrighted programs of Apple Computer, Inc. licensed to W. Richard Dawkins was born in Nairobi in 1941. Richard Dawkins's first book, The Selfish Gene (1976; second edition, 1989), became an immediate international bestseller and, like The Blind Watchmaker, was translated into all the major languages. Richard Dawkins won both the Royal Society of Literature Award and the Los Angeles Times Literary Prize in 1987 for The Blind Watchmaker. The problem is that of complex design. Explaining is a difficult art. Richard Dawkins Oxford, 1986
How to Structure a Theory of Knowledge Essay | Tim Woods The following structure is a foolproof, step-by-step method you can use on any ToK essay to get very high marks. It really works. (This is also done for the TOK presentation, here). Before you can begin your real/final essay, you’ll need to take the title (something like: “What is it about mathematics that makes it convincing?” and come up with a KI that turns the title into a question of knowledge. At OFS we encourage you to begin the KI with words like: “To what extent…”,” “How do we know that…,” “How reliable is…,” “How certain is…” These kind of open questions allow you to pull in multiple perspectives (AoK’s and WoK’s, as we’ll talk about), so you can show your TOK thinking. Second, take your KI and choose three aspects of knowledge you’re going to relate it to: any of the Areas of Knowledge (Mathematics, Human sciences, Natural sciences, the Arts, Ethics, and History) or the Ways of Knowing (Sense perception, Reason, Emotion, Language). Section 1: The Introduction 150-200 words
List of unsolved problems in philosophy This is a list of some of the major unsolved problems in philosophy. Clearly, unsolved philosophical problems exist in the lay sense (e.g. "What is the meaning of life?", "Where did we come from?", "What is reality?", etc.). Aesthetics Essentialism In art, essentialism is the idea that each medium has its own particular strengths and weaknesses, contingent on its mode of communication. Art objects This problem originally arose from the practice rather than theory of art. While it is easy to dismiss these assertions, further investigation[who?] Epistemology Epistemological problems are concerned with the nature, scope and limitations of knowledge. Gettier problem In 1963, however, Edmund Gettier published an article in the periodical Analysis entitled "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?" In response to Gettier's article, numerous philosophers have offered modified criteria for "knowledge." Infinite regression Molyneux problem Münchhausen trilemma
BrainSex – Why We Fall in Love? BrainSex - Why We Fall In Love, is an interesting documentary about the science and natural findings as to why humans fall in love. For centuries, love has been celebrated - and probed - mostly by poets, artists, and balladeers. But now, its mysteries are also yielding to the tools of science, including modern brain scanning machines. A handful of young people who had just fallen madly in love volunteered to have their brains scanned to see what areas were active when they looked at a picture of their sweetheart. Dopamine is the key chemical in the brain's reward system, a network of cells associated with pleasure - and addiction. In the same lab, older volunteers who claimed to still be intensely in love after two decades of marriage participated in the same experiment. It's way too soon - and hopefully, always will be - to say that brain scientists have translated all those warm and fuzzy feelings we call romantic love into a bunch of chemicals and electrical signals in the brain.
Real life situations - Theory Of Knowledge Student .com Let’s pose the knowledge issue “Does God exist?” Given that there is no proof for the existence of God what is relevant is an evaluation of reasons given to support the idea that God is a meaningful concept. Various arguments for the existence of God have been put forward. The argument from religious experience poses the idea there is evidence for God because people feel his presence (the nouminous), they have prayers answered and they experience miracles. When someone is converted they ‘give their life to God.’ Firstly, the premise that ‘all have sinned and fallen short of God’ (so says Paul in Romans) inspires looking at the shortcomings in your life and an awareness that we have done bad things. Secondly, the notion that Jesus actively endured pain on the cross to produce the spiritual effect of setting us free from this burden comes next. But now for the third bit. This test promotes the need for consistency. Links to websites:
Glossary of philosophy A glossary of philosophy. A the position that in a particular domain of thought, all statements in that domain are either absolutely true or absolutely false: none is true for some cultures or eras while false for other cultures or eras. These statements are called absolute truths. A common reaction by those who newly criticize absolutism is the absolute truth statement: Absolute truths do not exist. Enlightened absolutisma form of governing by rulers who were influenced by the Enlightenment (18th-century and early 19th-century Europe).Moral absolutismthe position that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judged, and that certain actions are right or wrong, regardless of the context of the act.Political absolutisma political theory that argues that one person should hold all power. Absurdism philosophy stating that the efforts of man to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail because no such meaning exists (at least in relation to man). Acosmism
The Day We Learned To Think Understanding of humans' earliest past often comes from studying fossils. They tell us much of what we know about the people who lived before us. There is one thing fossils cannot tell us; at what point did we stop living day-to-day and start to think symbolically, to represent ideas about our environment and how we could change it? At a dig in South Africa the discovery of a small piece of ochre pigment, 70,000 years old, has raised some very interesting questions. We know from fossil evidence that Homo sapiens replaced other hominids around them and moved out of Africa into Asia and the Middle East, reaching Europe 40,000 years ago. Prof Richard Klein believes art is a landmark in human evolution. No other animals, after all, are able to define a painting as anything other than a collection of colours and shapes. If someone has the imagination to devise a shared way to describe their environment using art then it seems inconceivable that they could not possess language and speech.
Thoughts Arguments and Rants » Blog Archive » Philosophy in Questionable Taste Cornell students obviously have too much time on their hands. (And very soon I’ll be able to do something about that…) Back when I was a wee grad student, one of the jokes circulating the internet, and eventually stuck to the wall of the grad ‘office’ concerned the putative causes of death of various philosophers. (My favourite was Thales: Drowned.) The list seems to have grown under Hugh Mellor’s supervision, and the current version is here. In a similar spirit, Cornell students have started work on break-up lines of the philosophers. Here’s the list (mostly below the fold) Paul Kelleher sent me, along with attributions. The Teleologist: We aren’t meant for each other.
Do You Want To Live Forever? Channel 4 Documentary following the revolutionary life extension and immortality ideas of this somewhat eccentric scientist, Dr. Aubrey de Grey. This show is all about the radical ideas of a Cambridge biomedical gerontologist called Aubrey de Grey who believes that, within the next 20-30 years, we could extend life indefinitely by addressing seven major factors in the aging process. He describes his work as Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence (SENS). The SENS theory describes “seven deadly things” that erode the body’s youthfulness at the cellular level, eventually leading to death by old age. Aubrey de Grey means to apply exercise, gene therapy, stem cells, and other yet-to-be-discovered methods of medicine to counteract each of these age-advancing devices: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6 Extracellular junk: “Plaque” which collects between cells can be eliminated by stimulating the immune system, and/or by using peptides called “beta-breakers.” 7. Watch the full documentary now
Belief in Nothing Nihilism confuses people. "How can you care about anything, or strive for anything, if you believe nothing means anything?" they ask. In return, nihilists point to the assumption of inherent meaning and question that assumption. Nihilists who aren't of the kiddie anarchist variety tend to draw a distinction between nihilism and fatalism. What is nihilism? As a nihilist, I recognize that meaning does not exist. In the same way, I accept that when I die, the most likely outcome will be a cessation of being. Even further, I recognize that there is no golden standard for life. A tree falling in a forest unobserved makes a sound. Many people "feel" marginalized when they think of this. Meaning is the human attempt to mold the world in our own image. This distanced mentality further affirms our tendency to find the world alienating to our consciousness. As a result, we like to separate the world from our minds and live in a world created by our minds. Nihilism reverses this process.
Secrets of The Mind In Secrets of the Mind we gain insights through various tragedies that have affected others, thanks to the logic and insights of Professor Ramachandran regarding what he calls the most complex organized matter in the universe. The documentary begins with "phantom limb syndrome" - pain and sensation in missing body areas. Ramachandran's reasoning, confirmed through a CAT-scan, is that the brain has a map of various body areas, and that eg. the right arm and right face areas of the brain are adjacent. Thus, missing body areas can lead to interference by those associated brain areas trying to cope with stimulus deprivation - eg. "cross-wiring." However, we are still left with the problem of treating pain in a body-part that no longer exists. Visual activities take up almost half the human brain. Dr. Watch the full documentary now -