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How to read and understand a scientific paper: a guide for non-scientists From vaccinations to climate change, getting science wrong has very real consequences. But journal articles, a primary way science is communicated in academia, are a different format to newspaper articles or blogs and require a level of skill and undoubtedly a greater amount of patience. Here Jennifer Raff has prepared a helpful guide for non-scientists on how to read a scientific paper. These steps and tips will be useful to anyone interested in the presentation of scientific findings and raise important points for scientists to consider with their own writing practice. My post, The truth about vaccinations: Your physician knows more than the University of Google sparked a very lively discussion, with comments from several people trying to persuade me (and the other readers) that their paper disproved everything that I’d been saying.

Technology to recycle all type of plastics without using water Traditionally, plastic recycling processes involve using a lot of water. In order to avoid this waste, Ak Inovex from Mexico developed a new green technology that doesn't require liquids, and has the capacity to process materials such as styrofoam, polystyrene and ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) using the same type of customizable machinery. The technology developed by Marco Adame, founder of Ak Inovex, can process more than 90 percent of any type of plastic, avoids water waste and reduces production costs by half without reducing the quality of the pellets (small beads of recycled plastic) by avoiding stages with severe changes in temperature.

Controlling genes with your thoughts Thoughts control protein quantity The implant was initially tested in cell cultures and mice, and controlled by the thoughts of various test subjects. The researchers used SEAP for the tests, an easy-to-detect human model protein which diffuses from the culture chamber of the implant into the mouse’s bloodstream. To regulate the quantity of released protein, the test subjects were categorised according to three states of mind: bio-feedback, meditation and concentration.

Project 2061 - Science Literacy for All in the 21st Century As the roles of science, mathematics, and technology grow in our society, the corresponding school curriculums must emphasize depth of knowledge, not breadth of information. George D. Nelson In general knowledge of science and mathematics, U.S. 12th graders were among the lowest scoring students from the 41 nations that participated in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). And US students taking advanced placement mathematics and physics courses ranked even lower when compared with their non-U.S. counterparts.

CRYSTALS » Chemical Crystallography CRYSTALS is a software package for single crystal X-ray structure refinement and analysis. The download contains CRYSTALS , Cameron and specially recompiled versions of SIR92 and SHELXS. There are also transparent links to SUPERFLIP (Lucas Palatinus’s structure solution by charge flipping), MCE (a Fourier map and voids viewer by Rohlicek & Husak) both of which are distributed with CRYSTALS. There are links to PLATON for structure validation and for SQUEEZing disordered regions. The PLATON executable must be downloaded from the WINGX website. Features

Synthetic biology could be big boost to interplanetary space travel Genetically engineered microbes could help make manned missions to Mars, the moon and other planets more practical, according to a new analysis by UC Berkeley and NASA scientists. In the cover story of today’s issue of the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, four bioengineers describe how synthetic biology – what some have termed “genetic engineering on steroids” – could allow space travelers to use microbes to produce their own fuel, food, medicines and building materials from raw feedstocks readily available on Mars or the moon, instead of carrying all supplies aboard the spacecraft or making them at the destination with conventional non-biological methods. “Our analysis indicates that (synthetic biology) has a good chance of being a disruptive space technology by providing substantial savings over current techniques,” said first author Amor Menezes, a postdoctoral scholar in UC Berkeley’s California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3).

Scientific Literacy Scientific literacy is the knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts and processes required for personal decision making, participation in civic and cultural affairs, and economic productivity. It also includes specific types of abilities. In the National Science Education Standards, the content standards define scientific literacy. Scientific literacy means that a person can ask, find, or determine answers to questions derived from curiosity about everyday experiences. It means that a person has the ability to describe, explain, and predict natural phenomena. JMatPro Thermo-physical & physical properties bespoke software UK Sente Software Ltd. JMatPro® is a simulation software which calculates a wide range of materials properties for alloys and is particularly aimed at multi-components alloys used in industrial practice. Using JMatPro you can make calculations for: Stable and metastable phase equilibrium Solidification behaviour and properties Mechanical properties Thermo-physical and physical properties Phase transformations Chemical properties JMatPro includes a Java based user interface, with calculation modules using C/C++, and will run under any Windows OS (at least Windows 98).

Synthetic biology Synthetic biology is the design and construction of biological devices and systems for useful purposes.[1] It is an area of biological research and technology that combines biology and engineering, thus often overlapping with bioengineering and biomedical engineering. It encompasses a variety of different approaches, methodologies, and disciplines with a focus on engineering biology and biotechnology.[2] The advance of synthetic biology relies on several key enabling technologies provided at ever increasing speed and lower cost. DNA sequencing, fabrication of genes, modeling how synthetic genes behave, and precisely measuring gene behavior are essential tools in synthetic biology. Its popularity has grown as a result of increasing developments within DNA synthesis technologies; now it is more affordable to synthesize a gene as opposed to cloning it. Also, genome databases can be used as a template for creating viruses at minimal cost.

Who's downloading pirated papers? Everyone Just as spring arrived last month in Iran, Meysam Rahimi sat down at his university computer and immediately ran into a problem: how to get the scientific papers he needed. He had to write up a research proposal for his engineering Ph.D. at Amirkabir University of Technology in Tehran. His project straddles both operations management and behavioral economics, so Rahimi had a lot of ground to cover. What can I do with a material science/technology degree? A materials science/technology degree course opens doors to jobs in a range of industries, and provides knowledge of manufacturing, processing and the fabrication of materials Job options Jobs directly related to your degree include: Jobs where your degree would be useful include: Remember that many employers accept applications from graduates with any degree subject, so don't restrict your thinking to the jobs listed here. Work experience

Impact of Nanotechnology on Drug Delivery by apex75 Dec 12