Three Major Singularity Schools : The Singularity Institute Blog I’ve noticed that Singularity discussions seem to be splitting up into three major schools of thought: Accelerating Change, the Event Horizon, and the Intelligence Explosion. Accelerating Change:Core claim: Our intuitions about change are linear; we expect roughly as much change as has occurred in the past over our own lifetimes. But technological change feeds on itself, and therefore accelerates. Change today is faster than it was 500 years ago, which in turn is faster than it was 5000 years ago. The thing about these three logically distinct schools of Singularity thought is that, while all three core claims support each other, all three strong claims tend to contradict each other. I find it very annoying, therefore, when these three schools of thought are mashed up into Singularity paste. Apocalyptism: Hey, man, have you heard? I’ve heard (many) other definitions of the Singularity attempted, but I usually find them to lack separate premises and conclusions.
Master monkey's brain controls sedated 'avatar' 18 February 2014Last updated at 11:35 ET By James Gallagher Health and science reporter, BBC News The brain of one monkey has been used to control the movements of another, "avatar", monkey, US scientists report. Brain scans read the master monkey's mind and were used to electrically stimulate the avatar's spinal cord, resulting in controlled movement. The team hope the method can be refined to allow paralysed people to regain control of their own body. The findings, published in Nature Communications, have been described as "a key step forward". Damage to the spinal cord can stop the flow of information from the brain to the body, leaving people unable to walk or feed themselves. The researchers are aiming to bridge the damage with machinery. Match electrical activity The scientists at Harvard Medical School said they could not justify paralysing a monkey. The master had a brain chip implanted that could monitor the activity of up to 100 neurons. Reality or science fiction?
Vernor Vinge on the Singularity Vernor Vinge Department of Mathematical Sciences San Diego State University (c) 1993 by Vernor Vinge (This article may be reproduced for noncommercial purposes if it is copied in its entirety, including this notice.) The original version of this article was presented at the VISION-21 Symposium sponsored by NASA Lewis Research Center and the Ohio Aerospace Institute, March 30-31, 1993. A slightly changed version appeared in the Winter 1993 issue of Whole Earth Review. Within thirty years, we will have the technological means to create superhuman intelligence. Shortly after, the human era will be ended. Is such progress avoidable? What is The Singularity? The acceleration of technological progress has been the central feature of this century. There may be developed computers that are "awake" and superhumanly intelligent. The first three possibilities depend in large part on improvements in computer hardware. What are the consequences of this event? Can the Singularity be Avoided?
Singularity Summit at Stanford An Annual Conference onScience, Technology, and the Future The Singularity Summit is an annual conference on science, technology, and the future co-produced by MIRI and Singularity University. Topics explored include artificial intelligence, brain-computer interfaces, the Singularity, robotics, regenerative medicine, and big picture issues on the trajectory of human civilization. Each year, about 25 eminent speakers share their latest views over the course of two days. The conference was founded by MIRI, Ray Kurzweil, and Peter Thiel in 2006. Summit 2012 Summit 2011 Summit 2010 Summit 2009 Summit 2008 Summit 2007 Summit 2006
The Pitch Drop Experiment | School of Mathematics and Physics Pictures above: (1) Longtime custodian of the famous experiment, the late Professor John Mainstone. (2) Three webcams trained on the experiment 24/7. (3) The Pitch Drop Experiment. (4) Close up of the pitch drop. About the Pitch Drop Experiment While the School of Mathematics and Physics at The University of Queensland has an international reputation for cutting-edge research and innovative teaching in the disciplines of Mathematics, Physics and Statistics, it is also home to the famous Pitch Drop Experiment. The experiment is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's longest-running laboratory experiment. The first Professor of Physics at UQ, Professor Thomas Parnell, began an experiment in 1927 to illustrate that everyday materials can exhibit quite surprising properties. In 1927 Professor Parnell heated a sample of pitch and poured it into a glass funnel with a sealed stem. Live view of the Pitch Drop Experiment More information
Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment What is the Singularity? Existential risk or cultist fantasy? Rapture of the nerds? Computing pioneer Alan Turing wrote as long ago as 1951 that "at some stage therefore we should have to expect the machines to take control". “Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man however clever. Since that time, the notions of 'intelligent explosion' and 'technology singularity' have increasingly passed into the public awareness. But are any of the accounts of the technological singularity credible? A new book, "Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment", is about to be published, that gathers the latest thinking about the singularity from a who's who of deep thinkers. London Futurists are very fortunate that the lead editor of this book, Amnon Eden, will be presenting a summary of some key arguments about Singularity hypotheses, in our meeting on 11th May. About Dr Amnon Eden: About David Pearce:
Nick Bostrom's Home Page Spooky Physics Phenomenon May Link Universe's Wormholes Wormholes — shortcuts that in theory can connect distant points in the universe — might be linked with the spooky phenomenon of quantum entanglement, where the behavior of particles can be connected regardless of distance, researchers say. These findings could help scientists explain the universe from its very smallest to its biggest scales. Scientists have long sought to develop a theory that can describe how the cosmos works in its entirety. Currently, researchers have two disparate theories, quantum mechanics and general relativity, which can respectively mostly explain the universe on its tiniest scales and its largest scales. There are currently several competing theories seeking to reconcile the pair. One prediction of the theory of general relativity devised by Einstein involves wormholes, formally known as Einstein-Rosen bridges. "This is true even when the electrons are light years apart," saidKristan Jensen, a theoretical physicist at Stony Brook University in New York.
Singularity Network Eliezer S. Yudkowsky New Methods in Nonperturbative Quantum Field Theory | KITP Quantum field theory has been the fundamental framework of quantum physics for well over half a century, but many open questions remain about its behavior at strongly coupling. In recent years new methods have arisen to address this. The purpose of this program is to develop these methods and the connections between them. Questions of interest include general constraints on renormalization flows, such as monotonicity, and their relation with entanglement entropy; conformal correlation functions and bootstrap methods; the conformal window in four dimensional gauge theories and the application of conformal theories to model building; exact results in supersymmetric theories, by localization and other methods; relations between field theories in different dimensions; connections with integrability; higher spin gravity theories, and their holographic connection with CFTs. Some big questions are: Can gauge/gravity duality be derived, for example from the renormalization group?
Ben Goertzel, PhD scientists put free text-analysis tool on the web Now anyone can drag and drop text into a linguistic analysis tool powered by machine learning. By Andrew Myers and Tom Abate Ever wondered whether a certain TV show had a slant in favor of a political candidate? Stanford computer scientists have created a website that gives anyone who can cut and paste the ability to answer such questions, systematically and for free. The website is known as etcML, short for Easy Text Classification with Machine Learning. Machine learning is a field of computer science that develops systems that give computers the ability to acquire new understandings in a more human-like way. The etcML website is based on machine-learning techniques that were developed to analyze the meaning embodied in text, then gauge its overall positive or negative sentiment. “All users have to do is copy and paste, or drop their text datasets into their browser and click,” Socher said. Voigt studies what makes a successful pitch. “This is a free and powerful tool,” Socher said.
Alvin Toffler Alvin Toffler (born October 4, 1928) is an American writer and futurist, known for his works discussing the digital revolution, communication revolution and technological singularity. He founded Toffler Associates, a management consulting company, and was a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation, visiting professor at Cornell University, faculty member of the New School for Social Research, a White House correspondent, an editor of Fortune magazine, and a business consultant. Toffler is married to Heidi Toffler, also a writer and futurist. They live in the Bel Air section of Los Angeles, California, just north of Sunset Boulevard. The couple’s only child, Karen Toffler, (1954–2000), died at the age of 46 after more than a decade suffering from Guillain–Barré syndrome. Early life and career Alvin Toffler was born in New York city in 1928. In the mid-’60s, the Tofflers began work on what would later become Future Shock. His ideas Critical acclaim