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Zeus ( Ancient Greek : Ζεύς , Zeús ; Modern Greek : Δίας, Días ) is the "Father of Gods and men" ( πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε , patḕr andrōn te theōn te ) [ 3 ] who rules the Olympians of Mount Olympus as a father rules the family according to the ancient Greek religion , and modern Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism . He is the god of sky and thunder in Greek mythology . His Roman counterpart is Jupiter , Hindu counterpart is Indra and Etruscan counterpart is Tinia . Zeus is the child of Cronus and Rhea , and the youngest of his siblings. In most traditions he is married to Hera , although, at the oracle of Dodona , his consort is Dione : according to the Iliad , he is the father of Aphrodite by Dione. [ 2 ] He is known for his erotic escapades.
Ares ( Ancient Greek : Ἄρης [árɛːs] , Μodern Greek : Άρης [ˈaris] ) was the Greek god of war . He is one of the Twelve Olympians , and the son of Zeus and Hera . [ 1 ] In Greek literature , he often represents the physical or violent aspect of war, in contrast to the armored Athena , whose functions as a goddess of intelligence include military strategy and generalship . [ 2 ]
Poseidon or Posidon ( Greek : Ποσειδῶν , gen: Ποσειδῶνος ) is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology . His main domain is the ocean , and he is called the "God of the Sea". Additionally, he is referred to as "Earth-Shaker" [ 1 ] due to his role in causing earthquakes , and has been called the "tamer of horses". [ 2 ] He is usually depicted as an older male with curly hair and beard.
Hermes ( pron.: / ˈ h ɜr m iː z / ; Greek : Ἑρμῆς ) was an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology , son of Zeus and the Pleiade Maia . He was second youngest of the Olympian gods. Hermes was a god of transitions and boundaries. He was quick and cunning, and moved freely between the worlds of the mortal and divine, as emissary and messenger of the gods, [ 1 ] intercessor between mortals and the divine, and conductor of souls into the afterlife. He was protector and patron of travelers, herdsmen , thieves, [ 2 ] orators and wit, literature and poets, athletics and sports, invention and trade. [ 3 ] In some myths he is a trickster , and outwits other gods for his own satisfaction or the sake of humankind.
Apollo ( Attic , Ionic , and Homeric Greek : Ἀπόλλων , Apollōn (gen.: Ἀπόλλωνος ); Doric : Ἀπέλλων , Apellōn ; Arcadocypriot : Ἀπείλων , Apeilōn ; Aeolic : Ἄπλουν , Aploun ; Latin : Apollō ) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in ancient Greek and Roman religion , Greek and Roman mythology , and Greco – Roman Neopaganism . The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun, truth and prophecy, healing, plague, music, poetry, and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto , and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis .
Dionysus pron.: / d aɪ . ə ˈ n aɪ s ə s / ( Ancient Greek : Διόνυσος , Dionysos ) was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine , of ritual madness and ecstasy in Greek mythology . His name in Linear B tablets shows he was worshipped from c. 1500—1100 BC by Mycenean Greeks : other traces of Dionysian-type cult have been found in ancient Minoan Crete . [ 2 ] His origins are uncertain, and his cults took many forms; some are described by ancient sources as Thracian, others as Greek. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] In some cults, he arrives from the east, as an Asiatic foreigner; in others, from Ethiopia in the South. He is a god of epiphany , "the god that comes," and his "foreignness" as an arriving outsider-god may be inherent and essential to his cults. He is a major, popular figure of Greek mythology and religion , and is included in some lists of the twelve Olympians .
Hephaestus ( pron.: / h ɪ ˈ f iː s t ə s / , / h ə ˈ f ɛ s t ə s / or / h ɨ ˈ f ɛ s t ə s / ; 8 spellings ; Ancient Greek Ἥφαιστος Hēphaistos ) was the Greek god of blacksmiths , craftsmen , artisans , sculptors , metals , metallurgy , fire and volcanoes . [ 1 ] Hephaestus' Roman equivalent was Vulcan . In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera , the king and queen of the gods. As a smithing god, Hephaestus made all the weapons of the gods in Olympus. He served as the blacksmith of the gods, and was worshipped in the manufacturing and industrial centres of Greece, particularly Athens . The cult of Hephaestus was based in Lemnos . [ 2 ] Hephaestus's symbols are a smith's hammer , anvil , and a pair of tongs . [ edit ] Epithets