International OCD Foundation – OCD and ADHD Dual Diagnosis Misdiagnosis and the Cognitive ‘Cost’ of Obsessions. By Amitai Abramovitch, PhD and Andrew Mittelman Dr.
Amitai Abramovitch is a neuropsychologist and a Research Fellow at the OCD and Related Disorders Program at Massachusetts General Hospital and the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Abramovitch can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Andrew Mittelman is a Research Coordinator at the OCD and Related Disorders Program at Massachusetts General Hospital. Both obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are considered fairly common and serious neuropsychiatric disorders. Considerable evidence has suggested that ADHD and OCD are characterized by abnormal brain activity in the same neural circuit. While the disorders are associated with very different patterns of brain activity, the resulting cognitive effects are actually similar, especially in executive functions2 such as response inhibition, planning, task switching, working memory, and decision making.
References. Is It ADHD, OCD or Both? Many people ask me what the difference is between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Both ADHD and OCD seem to be highly heritable: if you have it, it’s likely that at least one of your parents also has it. When you have ADHD, one of the issues is that your brain has a low level of a chemical called dopamine. When you have OCD, one of the issues is that your brain has too much of a chemical called serotonin. Sometimes people have both ADHD and OCD. This means that you have the inattention and/or hyperactivity of ADHD, along with the compulsions and/or obsessions of OCD.
Sometimes people with ADHD tend to have what look like compulsive tendencies. In regards to organization, I need to have a really clean workspace in order to work effectively. Stimulant medication for ADHD also helps me stay organized. Understanding OCD: The Symptom Overlap with ADHD. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a tormenting mental illness that affects approximately 1 in 100, or 3 million, adults, and 1 in 200, or 500,000, children and adolescents.
OCD people who have been also diagnosed with ADHD have their hands full managing both. The ABCs of OCD OCD is characterized by obsessions and/or compulsions. Obsessions are persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are intrusive and cause distress and anxiety. Worries about real-life problems are not the same as obsessions. Common obsessions include contamination (fear of contracting a disease), harm (fear of being responsible for something bad happening to a loved one), perfectionism (a need to have everything symmetrical, "just right," or ideal), scrupulosity or religious obsessions (fear of offending God), and intrusive sexual or violent thoughts.
2016 06 23 13 09 How Bipolar Disorder Looks A Lot Like ADHD Detection and Treatment of a Misunderst. 21 Tips for Clients in Psychotherapy. Best and Worst of Psychology and Psychiatry – May 2016. At Brainblogger we publish monthly roundups of the most interesting findings in psychology and psychiatry research.
For some reason, May was particularly packed full with studies producing important and actionable findings with regard to mental health and wellbeing, covering diverse populations, from metal heads to military personnel. BEST: AI Machines’ Cognitive Abilities Assessed in Behavioral PsychologyTests Maze tests have been routinely used by behavioral psychologists to study memory and learning, typically in rats and mice. Now researchers are using the same tests on the latest breed of artificial intelligence machines with mazes created in the online World of Minecraft. The best performing AIs on the maze test displayed cognitive abilities involving deep reinforcement learning enhanced with additional memory. BEST: Protective Psychological Benefits from Heavy Metal Music BEST: Loneliness is Not Just for the Old WORST: Strong Association Between Life-Long Smoking and Eating Disorders.
The Science of How Our Minds and Our Bodies Converge in the Healing of Trauma. Trauma, Van der Kolk notes, affects not only those who have suffered it but also those who surround them and, especially, those who love them.
He writes: One does not have be a combat soldier, or visit a refugee camp in Syria or the Congo to encounter trauma. Trauma happens to us, our friends, our families, and our neighbors. Research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has shown that one in five Americans was sexually molested as a child; one in four was beaten by a parent to the point of a mark being left on their body; and one in three couples engages in physical violence. Why Are You Self Sabotaging Your Productivity? Have you ever agonized over your inability to get enough done?
The stress of feeling overwhelmed has an insidious way of catching up to you, and suddenly you’re losing sleep and fighting the feeling that you’re a failure. What’s worse, your constant anxiety further impedes your ability to tackle your tasks, thus even fewer things get done and the anxiety only builds into a vicious cycle. The harsh truth is, you may be the thing that’s standing in the way. You are self-sabotaging yourself, and your productivity. But why would you do that? Why Are You Self Sabotaging? The concept of self sabotage, or self-handicapping, is a term used for those times when you perform an action that intentionally impedes your progress. A classic example of this is wasting an hour perusing Facebook when you are on deadline with a project for work. Interestingly, studies have correlated self sabotaging behavior with self preservation.