Rosa Parks - KIDS DISCOVER. Rosa Parks had endured prejudice, bigotry, and injustice all her life. She knew this was unfair and unjust. What made it worse was that there were laws that supported the unjust treatment of black people. The police and government did not treat everyone equally. They did not protect everyone equally. Rosa Parks launched the first major protest of the Civil Rights Movement. When Rosa Parks told the bus driver that she would not give her seat to a white passenger in 1955, she lit the spark that became the Civil Rights Movements.
When Rosa’s grandparents were born, there was still slavery in 15 states in the southern U.S. After slavery was ended, it looked like things would get better. Some forms of bigotry were scary and violent. The Ku Klux Klan was a hate group that terrorized black people. Under Jim Crow, many unjust laws were passed that limited the rights of black people.
What did segregation mean for Rosa Parks when she was growing up? Rosa Parks on the bus. Martin Luther King Jr. Overview. What does "civil rights" mean? Civil rights are basic rights that every citizen has under the laws of the government. In the United States the civil rights of each individual citizen are protected by the Constitution. Civil rights for every person means that regardless of gender, skin color, religion, nationality, age, disability, or religion, a person should not be discriminated against. Civil rights include the right to free speech, privacy, religion, assembly, a fair trial, and freedom of thought. The term "civil rights" comes from the Latin term "ius civis", which means "rights of a citizen. " Anyone who is considered a citizen of a country should be treated equally under the law.
Civil Rights Movements Throughout history there have been different civil rights movements. Civil Rights Leaders During each civil rights movement there have been men and women who have led the fight for their own rights as well as those of others. Events and Other Information Why are civil rights important? Kid's Biography: Martin Luther King, Jr. History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Martin Luther King at the March on Washingtonby Unknown Occupation: Civil Rights Leader Born: January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, GA Died: April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN Best known for: Advancing the Civil Rights Movement and his "I Have a Dream" speechBiography: Martin Luther King, Jr. was a civil rights activist in the 1950s and 1960s.
He led non-violent protests to fight for the rights of all people including African Americans. Where did Martin grow up? Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta, GA on January 15, 1929. Martin's dad was a preacher which inspired Martin to pursue the ministry. How did he get involved in civil rights? In his first major civil rights action, Martin Luther King, Jr. led the Montgomery Bus Boycott. When did King give his famous "I Have a Dream" speech? In 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. helped to organize the famous "March on Washington". It was at this march where Martin gave his "I Have a Dream" speech. How did he die? Biography for Kids: Ida B. Wells.
History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Journalist, civil rights and women's activist Born: July 16, 1862 in Holly Springs, Mississippi Died: March 25, 1931 in Chicago, Illinois Best known for: Leading a campaign against lynching Biography: Where did Ida B. Wells grow up? Ida B. Wells was born into slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi on July 16, 1862. Her father was a carpenter and her mother a cook. Shortly after Ida was born, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Becoming a Teacher When Ida was sixteen years old both of her parents died from Yellow Fever. Seat on the Train One day Ida was taking a train ride. The Free Speech Ida began to write articles about the racial injustices of the South.
Lynching In 1892, one of Ida's friends, Tom Moss, was arrested for murdering a white man. Ida wrote about the lynching in her paper. Civil Rights Activist Over time, Ida became famous through her writings about racial issues. Legacy. Civil Rights Movement - History of the Civil Rights Movement. African-American Civil Rights Movement. History >> Civil Rights for Kids March on Washington Aug 28, 1963from the United States Information Agency The African-American Civil Rights Movement was an ongoing fight for racial equality that took place for over 100 years after the Civil War.
Leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Booker T. Washington, and Rosa Parks paved the way for non-violent protests which led to changes in the law. Background The Civil Rights Movement has its background in the abolitionist movement before the Civil War. Segregation and the Jim Crow Laws Jim Crow Drinking Fountain by John Vachon After the Civil War, many southern states continued to treat African-Americans as second class citizens. In the early 1900s, black people began to protest the Jim Crow laws that southern states were implementing to enforce segregation. The Movement Grows The civil rights movement gained momentum in the 1950s when the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in schools was illegal in the case of Brown v. Montgomery Bus Boycott. History >> Civil Rights for Kids Montgomery Bus Boycott The Montgomery Bus Boycott was one of the major events in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. It signaled that a peaceful protest could result in the changing of laws to protect the equal rights of all people regardless of race.
Before the Boycott Before 1955, segregation between the races was common in the south. Rosa Parks What started it? On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks was taking the bus home from work in Montgomery, Alabama. The Boycott Although other people had been arrested for similar infractions, it was Rosa's arrest that sparked a protest against segregation. Martin Luther King, Jr. The boycott was planned at a meeting in Martin Luther King, Jr.' Working Together In order to get to work, black people carpooled, walked, rode bicycles, and used horse-drawn buggies. Backlash Some white people were not happy with the boycott. Some of the white citizens turned to violence. How long did the boycott last? Results. Little Rock Nine. History >> Civil Rights for KidsBackground In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that it was legal for schools to be segregated.
This meant that there could be schools just for white children and schools just for black children. However, the schools for black children were not as good and people thought this was unfair. Brown v. In order to fight against segregation in schools, a lawsuit called Brown v. Reality Despite the new ruling of the Supreme Court, some schools in the South did not allow black children. Little Rock Integration Protest by John T. Who were the Little Rock Nine? One of the high schools that blacks were not allowed to attend was Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. First Day at School When the Little Rock Nine went to attend the first day of school on September 4, 1957 they were probably scared and worried.
The students were scared and they returned home. Armed Escort Attending School Reaction Results History >> Civil Rights for Kids. Birmingham Campaign. History >> Civil Rights for KidsWhat was the Birmingham Campaign? The Birmingham Campaign was a series of protests against racial segregation in Birmingham, Alabama that took place in April of 1963. Background In the early 1960s, Birmingham, Alabama was a very segregated city. This meant that black people and white people were kept separated. Planning a Protest In order to bring the issue of segregation in Birmingham to the rest of the nation, several African-American leaders decided to organize a mass protest. Project C The protests were codenamed Project C. The protests began on April 3, 1963. Going to Jail The main opponent to the protesters was a Birmingham politician named Bull Connor. Letter from Birmingham Jail King remained in Jail until April 20, 1963.
Youth Protests Despite the efforts of the campaign, it wasn't getting the national attention the planners had hoped. An Agreement Things Turn Violent Bomb Wreckage near Gaston Motel by Marion S. Results To learn more about Civil Rights: Jim Crow Laws. History >> Civil Rights for KidsWhat were the Jim Crow laws? Jim Crow laws were laws in the South based on race. They enforced segregation between white people and black people in public places such as schools, transportation, restrooms, and restaurants. They also made it difficult for black people to vote.
When were the Jim Crow laws enforced? After the Civil War there was a period in the South called the Reconstruction. During this time the federal government controlled the southern states. Why were they called "Jim Crow"? The name "Jim Crow" comes from an African-American character in a song from 1832. Examples of Jim Crow Laws Jim Crow laws were designed to keep black and white people apart.
Alabama - All passenger stations shall have separate waiting rooms and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races. Grandfather Clauses In order to make sure that all white people could vote, many states enacted "grandfather" clauses into their voting laws. Black Codes Fighting Segregation. March on Washington. History >> Civil Rights for Kids Background to the March Despite gaining their freedom from slavery after the end of the civil war, African Americans were still facing legal discrimination in the 1950s and early 1960s. This included segregation of schools, lower wages, and discrimination when applying for jobs.
The civil rights movement was an effort to bring these issues to the attention of lawmakers and the nation. One of the planned events was a march on Washington D.C. in 1963. March on Washingtonfrom the Library of Congress Why did people march? The signs telling people about the march called it the "March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
" Planning the March The March was planned to take place on August 28, 1963. 1963 was the 100 year anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation that freed the slaves during the Civil War. Because there would be so many people marching, it took a lot of planning. How many people marched? I Have a Dream Meeting with the President Results. Civil Rights Act of 1964. History >> Civil Rights for Kids The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one of the most important civil rights laws in the history of the United States. It outlawed discrimination, ended racial segregation, and protected the voting rights of minorities and women. Lyndon Johnson signing Civil Rights Actby Cecil Stoughton Background The Declaration of Independence declared that "All men are created equal.
" Despite these changes, however, there were still people who were being denied their basic civil rights. President John F. On June 11, 1963 President John F. Lyndon Johnson meets with Civil Rights Leaders by Yoichi Okamoto Signed into Law President Johnson also wanted a new civil rights bill to be passed. Main Points of the Law The law was divided up into 11 sections called titles.
Title I - The voting requirements must be the same for all people. A year after the Civil Rights Act was signed into law, another law called the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed. History >> Civil Rights for Kids. African-American Civil Rights Movement. History of Civil Rights movement, 4th grade Lesson Intro. Biography for Kids: Ruby Bridges.
History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Civil Rights Activist Born: September 8, 1954 in Tylertown, Mississippi Best known for: First African-American student to attend an all-white elementary school in the SouthBiography: Where did Ruby Bridges grow up? Ruby Bridges grew up on a small farm in Tylertown, Mississippi. Her parents were sharecroppers, meaning they farmed the land, but didn't own it.
When Ruby was four years old, her family moved to New Orleans. In New Orleans, Ruby lived in a small apartment where she shared a bedroom with her sister and two younger brothers. Her father worked at a gas station and her mother worked night jobs to help make ends meet. Ruby had fun playing with her friends in New Orleans. US Marshals with Young Ruby Bridges on School Steps by Unknown Attending School Ruby went to kindergarten at an all black school. Chosen for Integration One day, Ruby was asked to take a test. At first her father didn't want her to go to the white school.