Young - QI Critique.pdf. Searching for an Optimal Hand Hygiene Bundle: A Meta-analysis. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) is of the utmost importance due to high associated morbidity, the increase in antibiotic resistance, and the dwindling supply of new antibiotics in the pharmaceutical pipeline.
Hand hygiene is important in preventing transmission of HAIs . However, current rates of hand hygiene compliance range from 5% to 81%, with an average compliance of approximately 40% . In 2010, a Cochrane review was published on interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance . However, it only included 4 “high quality” studies, and the primary conclusion was that more high-quality studies should be performed. Yet the Cochrane review excluded many quasi-experimental (QE) studies that could still inform selection of an optimal hand hygiene bundle. Search Strategy This search was constrained to only the past 12 years for 3 reasons.
Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria Data Extraction and Quality Assessment Statistical Analysis Table 1. Figure 1. Figure 2. WISH 2016 Behavioral Insights Report. Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. We included 159 trials with 79,193 participants.
Most trials compared a fall prevention intervention with no intervention or an intervention not expected to reduce falls. The most common interventions tested were exercise as a single intervention (59 trials) and multifactorial programmes (40 trials). Sixty-two per cent (99/159) of trials were at low risk of bias for sequence generation, 60% for attrition bias for falls (66/110), 73% for attrition bias for fallers (96/131), and only 38% (60/159) for allocation concealment. Multiple-component group exercise significantly reduced rate of falls (RaR 0.71, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.82; 16 trials; 3622 participants) and risk of falling (RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.76 to 0.96; 22 trials; 5333 participants), as did multiple-component home-based exercise (RaR 0.68, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.80; 7 trials; 951 participants and RR 0.78, 95% CI 0.64 to 0.94; 6 trials; 714 participants).
Thirteen trials provided a comprehensive economic evaluation. Cdc falls compendium lowres. BehaviouralInsightsInHealthCare. Wanted: Nudges for helping people take their medicines. In a fascinating piece for Slate, Jessica Wapner highlights a great example of a self-control problem: Failing to take your medicine (In the medical community this is known as patient non-compliance).
Overall, about half of us fail to correctly follow our doctors’ directions for prescriptions. Wapner gives examples of three interesting technological nudges for helping patients take their pills. 1) A necklace developed by Georgia Tech scientists that records the date and time when a patient swallows a pill, and reminds her (and her doctor) when a dose is missed. 2) A prosthetic tooth that releases medicine into a patient’s mouth. 3) A “smart” pill bottle that sends message to a pharmacist about dosages and refills. Radiation From CT Scans May Raise Cancer Risk. A “plan” to save money at Britain’s National Health Service. The Telegraph reports that having patients write down the details of their appointment themselves could save the NHS £250 million a year.
Page 102- measures of ADE with hypoglycemic Rx. SULFONYLUREA. Diabetes management in primary care, outpatient and community settings can be improved by interventions targeting health professionals, and organisational interventions that increase continuity of care. Acute management and outcomes of patients with diabetes mellitus presenting to Canadian emergency departments with hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia Avoidance – The Atlantic Quality Innovation Network. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services have awarded a 5-year contract to the Atlantic Quality Improvement Network (AQIN) to advance CMS healthcare priorities in the states of New York, South Carolina, and the District of Columbia.
Glycemic Control Implementation Toolkit. Multiple interventions are needed to minimize hypoglycemia, as there are multiple root causes and contributing factors.
In fact, there are so many causes that hypoglycemia prevention efforts can be stymied by lack of direction and focus, as well as “analysis paralysis.” Local metrics and case review should help prioritize efforts, but prioritization of interventions is also informed by an understanding of the most common failure modes from the literature, and from interventional bundles with demonstrated success. The National Action Plan for ADE Prevention36 places their strategies for reduction of inpatient hypoglycemic ADEs into four categories: Patient and Family Engagement: Individualized target setting, use of Teach Back methods and self-management education, understanding patient adherence to medication and diet, etc.
Table 3. IV = intravenous; CDS = Clinical Decision Support; EHR = Electronic Health Record Improving Prescribing Practices. Hypoglycemia Prevention in the Postoperative Surgical Population. Reduce Adverse Drug Events Involving Insulin. Diabetic patients who use insulin are at risk of suffering adverse drug events (ADEs) if their insulin care is not carefully managed.
Hypoglycemic episodes can be sudden and severe and may lead to other complications and harm. Coordinating care processes so as to properly time monitoring of glucose levels and administration of insulin can help reduce the risk of an ADE. Using standardized tools for dosing insulin and testing blood sugar levels also can help to reduce such events. Changes for Improvement. Electronics Said to Reduce Hypoglycemic Events. New data presented at AACE shows hypoglycemic events are less likely in patients with diabetes treated with an electronic glycemic management system.
In an interview, Joseph Aloi, MD, section chief of endocrinology and metabolism at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, told Diabetes in Control that, “Patients who were treated with the [electronic glycemic management system] had a statistically lower incidence of hypoglycemic events and lower average blood glucose compared with [usual care], suggesting it may be easier to achieve glycemic targets safely for patients in the hospital setting.
Aloi and colleagues from Glytec compared rates of hypoglycemia among inpatients with diabetes treated with Glytec’s electronic glycemic management system (eGMS; n=13,351) or usual care (n=45,335). Severe hypoglycemia was defined as less than 40 mg/dL and the target blood glucose was set at 100 mg/dL to 180 mg/dL. Best Practices for Interdisciplinary Care Management by Hospital Glycemic Teams: Results of a Society of Hospital Medicine Survey Among 19 U.S. Hos... Hospital readmission of patients with diabetes. Hospitalization and discharge education of emergency department patients with hypoglycemia. Inpatient to outpatient transfer of diabetes care: planing for an effective hospital discharge. Successful QI features. Quality improvement interventions: what works? Promoting Best Practice and Safety Through Preprinted Physician Orders - Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 2: Culture and Redesign) - NCBI Bookshelf.
Evidence-Based Quality Improvement: The State Of The Science. Abstract Routine practice fails to incorporate research evidence in a timely and reliable fashion.
Many quality improvement (QI) efforts aim to close these gaps between clinical research and practice. However, in sharp contrast to the paradigm of evidence-based medicine, these efforts often proceed on the basis of intuition and anecdotal accounts of successful strategies for changing provider behavior or achieving organizational change. We review problems with current approaches to QI research and outline the steps required to make QI efforts based as much on evidence as the practices they seek to implement. Quality improvement strategies, just like medical interventions, need to rest on a strong evidence base. HQO: quality improve guide 2012 en. Constipation prevention in bariatric surgery post-op. Constipation Emergencies on the Rise. By Dr.
Mercola Constipation is one of the most common bowel problems, impacting up to 19 percent of the US population (no pun intended).1 It's defined as passing hard, dry stools that you have to strain to move, as well as having fewer than three bowel movements a week.Constipation is uncomfortable, causing bloating, cramps, and a feeling of incomplete elimination. However, despite its ability to make you feel miserable, constipation is generally regarded as more of a nuisance than a real health threat. This is a mistake, as chronic constipation left untreated can lead to fecal impaction,2 which is when hardened stool gets stuck in your intestines. Missed opportunity to deprescribe docusate. •Docusate is still frequently used as a stool softener among medical inpatients in our study despite poor evidence for efficacy. •Patterns of docusate use on hospital discharge revealed low deprescription rates (13%) and high numbers of new prescriptions (33%).
•Up to one third of patients initiated on opioids in the hospital received no laxatives or docusate monotherapy, indicating significant opportunities for better prevention of constipation-related morbidity. Given the questionable efficacy of docusate, we sought to characterize its use among hospitalized inpatients on internal medicine teaching units, including the frequency of new and continued prescriptions for docusate in hospital. Mgmt of Constipation Guideline. Rnao prevention of constipation presentation 2016 finalfeb.11. BBDfactsheet constipation EN. 1959 constipation prevention is the key 1. CMAJ Mobile.
Authors Correspondence to: Dov Gandell, dov. email@example.com. Treatments for constipation: a review of systematic reviews. Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation CADTH. Treatments for constipation: a review of systematic reviews. NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies. Pattern of Inpatient Laxative Use: Waste Not, Want Not. Using data from a single Canadian health center, this study examines the annual costs of prescribing laxatives in medical and surgical units. Epidemiology and burden of chronic constipation. Chronic Constipation: An Evidence-Based Review. Lawrence Leung, MBBChir, FRACGP, FRCGP, Taylor Riutta, MD, Jyoti Kotecha, MPA, MRSC and Walter Rosser, MD, MRCGP, FCFP + Author Affiliations Corresponding author: Lawrence Leung, Department of Family Medicine, Queen’s University, 220 Bagot Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 5E9 (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Constipation - Island Health. NICE Evidence Search. Canadian Virtual Hospice. Bowel management program. Palliative2 constipation. Untitled. HowToTreatConstipationCausedByYourMedications. SuggestionsforDealingwithConstipation. 2Constipation2. Managing Constipation with Diet: Adults. What is constipation? Constipation is when you have bowel movements (stools) that are hard to pass or happen less often than what is usual for you. You may feel like you have to have a bowel movement but are not able to. Constipation can cause belly pain and bloating (gas) and make you feel unwell.
Normal bowel movements are soft and pass easily through your body. Do I need to have a bowel movement every day? No. Everyone Poops. Everyone Poops: by Taro Gomi - Read by GaryTheCoconut. Drug Class Review: Constipation Drugs - NCBI Bookshelf. Constipation Myths and Facts. Opioid-induced constipation: advances and clinical guidance. Media ajg201130a opioid induced constipation. Shared care: a quality improvement initiative to optimize primary care management of constipation.
Diabetes meds SDM aid. Mortality in Individuals Aged 80 and Older with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Relation to Glycosylated Hemoglobin, Blood Pressure, and Total Choleste... Preventing Unnecessary Costs of Drug-Induced Hypoglycemia in Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes in the United States and Canada. Abstract Background. Effect of Sitagliptin on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes.
A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 3.0 mg of Liraglutide in Weight Management. Deprescribing algorithms for diabetes overtreatment. Glycemic Control for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. HbA1c overtesting and overtreatment among US adults with controlled type 2 diabetes, 2001-13: observational population based study. Schedule of fees laboratory services payment schedule.
Management of Diabetes among Frail Older Adults. Management of diabetes mellitus type-2 in the geriatric population: Current perspectives. 2015 GUIDELINE FOR THE CARE OF OLDER ADULT WITH DIABETES. Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Older Patients: Current and Emerging Treatment Options. Diabetes in the frail elderly. Diabeties Guidelines PATH Nov 2013. Diabeties Guidelines PATH Nov 2013. LTCPocketReference. Hospitalization and discharge education of emergency department patients with hypoglycemia. Outcomes associated with insulin therapy disruption after hospital discharge among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had used insulin befo... Clinical inertia of discharge planning among patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Outcomes associated with post-discharge insulin continuity in US patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus initiating insulin in the hospital. Adverse drug reactions in elderly patients following discharge from an internal medicine clinic.
Hospital discharge algorithm based on admission HbA1c for the management of patients with type 2 diabetes. Inpatient to outpatient transfer of diabetes care: planing for an effective hospital discharge. Scheduled and unscheduled hospital readmissions among patients with diabetes. [Transition from acute inpatient to chronic outpatient diabetes care: an symbolic situation]. Elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus-the need for high-quality, inpatient diabetes care. Survey on transition from inpatient to outpatient for patients on insulin: what really goes on at home? Outcomes of clinical nurse specialist-initiated system-level standardized glucose management. Clinical nurse specialists lead teams to impact glycemic control after cardiac surgery.