Methylation: The Methionine-Methyl Cycle. Selenium. World's Healthiest Foods rich inselenium FoodCalsDRI/DV For serving size for specific foods see the Nutrient Rating Chart.
Basic Description Selenium is one of many important dietary minerals, and we require a small amount of selenium in our daily diet. Selenium is incorporated in a small cluster of important proteins, each of which plays a critical role in our health. Selenium has received publicity over the past couple decades based on some confusing and contradictory research about whether low-selenium diets are implicated in cancer risk.
Foursome of DNA Methylation Subgroups Found in Colorectal Cancer. As if one kind of colorectal cancer (CRC) isn’t bad enough, new research has uncovered four DNA methylation-based versions of the insidious disease.
Our So-Cal neighbors, Toshinori Hinoue and Daniel Weisenberger and team over at the USC Epigenome Center cranked out genome-scale DNA methylation profiles for 125 colorectal tumor and 29 normal tissue samples. The profiles were subjected to some serious data crunching which revealed four distinct CRC subtypes: The CpG island methylator phenotype-high (CIMP-H) group shows hypermethylation at a large number of cancer related genes.CIMP-low (CIMP-L) tumors are hypermethylated at a smaller set of the same cancer genes.Group 3 was non-CIMP related, had a high frequency of TP53 mutations and occurs often in the distal colon.The fourth set was also non-CIMP, but didn’t show much DNA hypermethylation or mutations of cancer genes and was often found in rectal tumors.
Folate (Folacin, Folic Acid) Human Nutrition1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 This fact sheet is one in a series containing information to help you select foods that provide adequate daily amounts of vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber.
Following these guidelines will put your diet in accordance with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which focus on nine general topics: Adequate nutrients within calorie needs Weight management Physical activity Food groups to encourage: fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and nonfat or low-fat milk and milk products Fats Carbohydrates Sodium and potassium Alcoholic beverages Food safety What is a good food source? A good food source of folate contains a substantial amount of folate in relation to its calorie content and contributes at least 10 percent of the U.S. The U.S. How to Eat for Your DNA. After living together for more than three decades, my partner Steven and I couldn’t be more alike.
We eat the same meals. We trudge off to the gym on the same schedule. Each of us could fit, with a bit of tugging, into the jeans we wore in college. Steven has put up with the brief appearance in our kitchen of all passing health-food fads. (Remember broccoli sprouts?) Steven’s lurked deep in the danger zone. “Genes," the doctor breezily explained, when Steven objected to the injustice of it all. Maybe we aren’t so alike after all. My questions led me to the emerging science of nutritional genomics (a.k.a. nutrigenomics)—the study of interactions between genes and diet.
Like Sweets? In 2002, the Human Genome Project completed an awesome undertaking: the first comprehensive map of the tens of thousands of genes, those tiny bits of DNA, that make us human. Could the discovery of this “sweet tooth gene" help explain why some people are more likely to become overweight? 5 Foods Rich with Folic Acid / Nutrition / Vitamins and Minerals. Folic acid, or folate, is a B class vitamin that is essential to making red blood cells, synthesizing and repairing DNA and regulating cell metabolism.
Folic acid intake is especially important for women. Pregnancy and lactation both require adequate serum folate to ensure proper fetal development. Since your body cannot produce its own folic acid, the best way to prevent folic acid deficiency is daily intake of folate-rich foods. The daily recommended intake of folic acid is at least 400 micrograms per day. Don’t worry about overdosing. 1. Beans and legumes are rich in proteins, potassium, calcium and lots of essential vitamins as well as folic acid.
Maternal effect for DNA mismatch repair in the mouse. [Genetics. 2002. DNA mismatch repair explained - by Alicia M Prater PhD. Alicia M Prater PhD's image for: "What is Dna Mismatch Repair" Caption: Location: Image by: DNA is the genetic material of human cells.
DNA Errors of Replication If uracil is inserted into the DNA strand during replication instead of thymine, a repair mechanism called base excision repair, or BER, removes the uracil so DNA polymerase can replace it with thymine in a manner identical to DNA replication - basically allowing the process to be redone after the error. The Mismatch Repair Mechanism Mismatch repair shares enzymes with the other repair pathways, namely base excision (BER) and nucleotide excision repair (NER). The mismatch repair mechanism is also one tool the cell uses to review the results of crossover during meiosis, called homologous recombination. The Effect of No Mismatch Repair If wrongly paired bases are not removed from the DNA strand, future strands may have the mutation incorporated.