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Resources for Teaching about Volcanoes

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Lava Flow on Volcán de Fuego. On September 7, 2016, the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 captured this image of lava spilling down the slopes of Guatemala’s Volcán de Fuego, one of Central America’s most active volcanoes.

Lava Flow on Volcán de Fuego

According to reporting from the Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), the latest bout of activity began on September 4, when lava rose as high as 200 meters (650 feet) above Fuego’s crater rim. Plumes of ash have reached heights of about 850 meters (2,800 feet). The image is a composite of natural color (OLI bands 4-3-2) and shortwave Infrared (OLI band 7). Shortwave infrared light (SWIR) is invisible to the naked eye, but strong SWIR signals indicate increased temperatures.

The volcano is located about 70 kilometers (40 miles) west of Guatemala City, Guatemala. ReferencesGlobal Volcanism Program (2016) Feugo. NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Instrument(s): Landsat 8 - OLI. Exploding Lakes in Cameroon. Fs172 96. Mauna Kea (“White Mountain”) is the only volcano on the island of Hawaii that has evidence of glaciation.

This photograph of Mauna Kea was taken by an astronaut as the International Space Station (ISS) passed over at approximately 5 p.m. local time. The late-afternoon lighting and oblique viewing angle accentuates the shadows, highlighting the white domes of the observatories along the crater rims. The angle also accentuates the numerous cinder cones and lava flows. Astronauts are often deprived of a three-dimensional sense of mountains because the ISS flies so far above Earth’s surface. But the low Sun angle here gives a strong sense of the domed shape of this immense volcano. Several observatories appear as small white dots on the rim of Mauna Kea. Although Mauna Kea last erupted in 2460 BCE, the potential for renewed activity is high.

Instrument(s): ISS - Digital Camera. Volcanic Island in the Pacific Turns Two. November 6, 2013 October 11, 2015 acquired November 6, 2013download large image (2 MB, JPEG, 2400x2400 - left) acquired November 6, 2013download GeoTIFF file (8 MB, TIFF, 2400x2400) acquired October 11, 2015download large image (2 MB, JPEG, 2400x2400 - right) acquired October 11, 2015download GeoTIFF file (10 MB, TIFF, 2400x2400) Two years ago, a new island, or “nijima,” rose above the water line in the western Pacific, about 1,000 kilometers (600 miles) south of Tokyo.

Volcanic Island in the Pacific Turns Two

The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 captured these images of the old and new Nishinoshima. Volcano Webcams of the world - interactive viewer including live seismograms. All the World's Volcano Webcams. Never in the history of volcanology have so many volcanoes been monitored.

All the World's Volcano Webcams

We have the ability to sit and watch hundreds of volcanoes as they sleep, rumble or erupt — all from the comfort of our homes or offices. This instant connectivity to volcanoes in some of the most remote parts of the world is what gives us the impression that there are more volcanic eruptions today than in the past. There really aren’t more, but rather we hear about or see the eruptions much faster. Volcano Simulator. Volcanoes and Magma A volcano is an opening where magma erupts onto the surface as lava after rising from deep within the Earth.

Volcano Simulator

Not all magma is the same. Some magma contains as much as 75% silica (SiO2), whereas other magma contains as little as about 50%. By Lexi Krock Posted 11.12.02 NOVA What's the difference between lava and magma?

What are volcanic vents, dikes, and fissures? In this anatomy of a volcano, explore the basic geological features of a volcano such as Mt. St. Helens as well as the deadly materials released during volcanic eruptions. To learn more about the various numbered parts of this volcano diagram, read on. There are many different kinds of volcanoes, ranging from the Hawaiian type, which produces gentle, effusive eruptions that tourists can observe from mere steps away, to the andesitic variety, which can produce violent, life-threatening eruptions with little warning.

Many volcanoes famous for their destructive power, including Mt. Mt. 1. Volcanic ash consists of rock, mineral, and volcanic glass fragments smaller than a tenth of an inch in diameter—or slightly larger than a pinhead. Ash from the 1993 eruption of Unzen volcano in Kyushu, Japan rises halfway up the walls of a house. 2. lava flow 3. lava dome. Meet the Volcanoes. Meet the Volcanoes Posted: January 3, 2013 Narrator:You probably have a pretty good idea what this is.

Meet the Volcanoes

It’s a volcano—a place where molten rock, called magma, from deep within the Earth, makes its way up and erupts at the surface. But what you may not know is that not all volcanoes are made in exactly the same way. In fact, they come in a variety of different shapes and sizes.