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Nerva ( Latin : Marcus Cocceius Nerva Caesar Augustus ; [ 1 ] 8 November, 30 AD – 27 January, 98 AD), was Roman Emperor from 96 to 98. Nerva became Emperor at the age of sixty-five, after a lifetime of imperial service under Nero and the rulers of the Flavian dynasty . Under Nero, he was a member of the imperial entourage and played a vital part in exposing the Pisonian conspiracy of 65.
Trajan ( pron.: / ˈ t r eɪ dʒ ən / ; Latin : Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus Augustus ; [ 1 ] 18 September, 53 AD – 9 August, 117 AD), was Roman Emperor from 98 to 117. The Roman Empire reached its greatest territorial extent under Trajan through his conquests in the east . Trajan is also notable for the extensive public building programs and social welfare policies implemented during his reign. Born into a non- patrician family in the province of Hispania Baetica , [ 2 ] Trajan rose to prominence during the reign of emperor Domitian . Serving as a legatus legionis in Hispania Tarraconensis , in 89 Trajan supported the emperor against a revolt on the Rhine led by Antonius Saturninus . [ 3 ] In September 96, Domitian was succeeded by Marcus Cocceius Nerva , an old and childless senator who proved to be unpopular with the army.
Hadrian ( Latin : Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus Augustus [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] 24 January, 76 AD – 10 July, 138 AD), was Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best known for building Hadrian's Wall , which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain . In Rome, he re-built the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma .
Antoninus Pius ( Latin : Titus Fulvius Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius ; [ 1 ] [ 2 ] born 19 September, 86 AD – died 7 March, 161 AD), also known as Antoninus , was Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was a member of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii . [ 3 ] He acquired the name Pius after his accession to the throne, either because he compelled the Senate to deify his adoptive father Hadrian , [ 4 ] or because he had saved senators sentenced to death by Hadrian in his later years. [ 5 ] [ edit ] Early life [ edit ] Childhood and family He was born as the only child of Titus Aurelius Fulvius , consul in 89 [ 3 ] whose family came from Nemausus (modern Nîmes ). [ 6 ] He was born near Lanuvium [ 7 ] and his mother was Arria Fadilla.
Marcus Aurelius ( Latin : Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus ; [ 1 ] [ notes 1 ] April 26, 121 CE – March 17, 180 CE), was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors , and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers. During his reign, the Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East; Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon in 164. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni , Quadi , and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars , with the threat of the Germanic tribes beginning to represent a troubling reality for the Empire. A revolt in the East led by Avidius Cassius failed to gain momentum and was suppressed immediately.