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Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome. To the ancient Romans, Venus wasn't a planet but a celestial body: she was the goddess of love and beauty. The Romans built an empire of gigantic proportions. At its height, it encompassed nearly the entire European continent as well as parts of the Middle East and Africa. The Roman Empire's tentacles stretched from England to Egypt, from Spain to Iraq, and from southern Russia to Morocco. More significantly, ancient Roman civilization thrived for nearly one thousand years.

The influence of the Romans over all of those peoples over that span of time defies measure. After adopting Christianity in the 4th century C.E., the Romans spread it to every corner of their empire. At the height of its expansion (around 120 C.E.), the Roman Empire comprised nearly all of the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. The Romans were particularly skilled in administration, organization, and engineering. Romulus and Remus As often happens among brothers, disputes led to quarreling and fighting.

Ancient History Encyclopedia. Capitolium.org - Imperial Forums Official Website - Rome, Italy - Il sito ufficiale dei Fori Imperiali di Roma. Welcome to the official website of the Roman Imperial Forums for the Y2K This project started in 1999 to celebrate the new millennium of the archaeological area of Rome, near the Colosseum, under the patronage of the Municipality of Rome and its mayor, sponsored by Canon and Microsoft Italy. This website contains more than 1,000 files. Visit it all, if you want, but please don't miss: Welcome to Rome. Welcome to the archaeological site of the Imperial Forums, one of the largest areas in the world where digging, research and studies are still under way.

This is the rationale for the creation of CAPITOLIUM.ORG, an official source of live information on the archaeological site of the Imperial Forums. Here, you can find the technical details of the works and of the finds, the history of the age of Emperors, slices of life of ancient Romans, live and library images. This wealth should be made available to scholars but, above all, to the public at large. Hands on History: Romans. BBC: Primary History - Romans. BBC: Romans. What the Ancients Knew: Rome: Science Channel. Rome Reborn - An Amazing Digital Model of Ancient Rome. What did ancient Rome look like in A.D. 320? Rome Reborn is an international initiative to answer this question and create a 3D digital model of the Eternal City at a time when Rome’s population had reached its peak (about one million) and the first Christian churches were being built.

The result is a truly stunning bird’s-eye and ground view of ancient Rome that makes you feel as if you were actually there. There are also some high-resolution images that lend themselves perfectly to being used as wallpaper for your computer. HT @amishare Related Content: How the Egyptian Pyramids Were Built: A New Theory in 3D Animation Building The Colosseum: The Icon of Rome Visit Pompeii (also Stonehenge & Versailles) with Google Street View. British Museum: Ancient Rome. In legend Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus, its first king. In 509 BC Rome became a republic ruled by the Senate (wealthy landowners and elders) and the Roman people.

During the 450 years of the republic Rome conquered the rest of Italy and then expanded into France, Spain, Turkey, North Africa and Greece. Rome became very Greek influenced or “Hellenised”, filled with Greek architecture, literature, statues, wall-paintings, mosaics, pottery and glass. But with Greek culture came Greek gold, and generals and senators fought over this new wealth.

The Republic collapsed in civil war and the Roman empire began. Starting with Augustus in 27 BC, the emperors ruled for five hundred years. The Roman empire was so large that five departments of the British Museum hold art and artefacts from it. Image caption: The Portland Vase Perhaps from Rome, Italy, about AD 5-25.

Ducksters: Ancient Rome for Kids. Back to History for Kids Ancient Rome was a powerful and important civilization that ruled much of Europe for nearly 1000 years. The culture of Ancient Rome was spread throughout Europe during its rule. As a result, Rome's culture still has an impact in the Western world today. The basis for much of Western culture comes from Ancient Rome, especially in areas such as government, engineering, architecture, language, and literature. The city of Rome is the capital of Italy today Map of Italy from the CIA World Factbook The Roman Republic Rome first grew into power as a Republic.

The Republic would rule Rome for hundreds of years from around 509 BC to 45 BC. The Roman Empire In 45 BC Julius Caesar took over the Roman Republic and made himself the supreme dictator. The Roman Forum was the center of government Photo by Adrian Pingstone The Empire Splits As the Roman Empire grew it became more and more difficult to manage from the city of Rome. Fall of Rome Fun Facts about Ancient Rome Works Cited. AncientHistory.com: Roman Culture. History.com: Ancient Rome. The decadence and incompetence of Commodus (180-192) brought the golden age of the Roman emperors to a disappointing end. His death at the hands of his own ministers sparked another period of civil war, from which Lucius Septimius Severus (193-211) emerged victorious.

During the third century Rome suffered from a cycle of near-constant conflict. A total of 22 emperors took the throne, many of them meeting violent ends at the hands of the same soldiers who had propelled them to power. Meanwhile, threats from outside plagued the empire and depleted its riches, including continuing aggression from Germans and Parthians and raids by the Goths over the Aegean Sea. The reign of Diocletian (284-305) temporarily restored peace and prosperity in Rome, but at a high cost to the unity of the empire.

The stability of this system suffered greatly after Diocletian and Maximian retired from office. Access hundreds of hours of historical video, commercial free, with HISTORY Vault. PBS: The Roman Empire. As with many cultures, a person’s quality of life depended in many ways on their rank within the social structure. Two Romans living at the same time in the same city could have very different lives. Rich… For wealthy Romans, life was good. They lived in beautiful houses – often on the hills outside Rome, away from the noise and the smell. They enjoyed an extravagant lifestyle with luxurious furnishings, surrounded by servants and slaves to cater to their every desire. …and poor Poorer Romans, however, could only dream of such a life. Although their lives may have been different, they did have some things in common.

There were other traditions that all Romans shared. And Romans of all classes made a point of visiting the baths after work each day. Where to next: Life in Roman Times - Gladiators Life in Roman Times - Chariot Races Life in Roman Times - Baths Religion in Ancient Rome – Roman Worship Religion in Ancient Rome – Mythology / Roman Spirits.

Vroma: Rome: Republic to Empire. Roman Emperors. Roman Empire: Childrens Section. Ancient Rome for Kids. Resources4History: Food in Roman Britain. This mosaic, from Chedworth Villa, illustrates how the British and Roman cultures integrated. The character is depicted as Winter wearing a typically British hooded cloak (birrus) and carrying a brown hare introduced to Britain by the Romans. The bare tree is a symbol of Winter. Roman Food - Some foods introduced by the Romans to Britain The Roman invaders contributed to the long-term improvement of the British diet by introducing proper vegetables to the island. The list of vegetables introduced to Britain includes garlic, onions, shallots, leeks, cabbages, peas, celery, turnips, radishes, and asparagus.

The leeks' importance as a part of the staple diet of the British population is illustrated by its later adoption as the national emblem of Wales. The Romans also brought new farming practices and crops. The Romans introduced new breeds of farm animals, such as the prized white cattle. Roman Food - The Poor Roman Food - The Rich Roman Food - The Roman Army © resourcesforhistory 2006 Pertinax. Fall of the Romans: Go History Go! The Fall of the Roman Empire Update in Progress I'm a paragraph. Click here to add your own text and edit me.

I’m a great place for you to tell a story and let your users know a little more about you. It Don't Mean a Thing If You Can't Pay for Your Bling For the last 300 years, much of Western Europe had been conquered and ruled by Rome. Those Romans loved their bling as much as the next guy and trade boomed during the Pax Romana (Roman Peace). For centuries Roman emperors spent money like there was no tomorrow. Soldiers Gone Wild With over one million miles of border to guard— stretching from the British coast to Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq)— the biggest hotspots for trouble were with the mighty Persian Empire in the east and the Germanic tribes who lived north of the Rhine River in the west. The Roman legion never could seem to find enough recruits to help maintain order and so it turned to hiring barbarians such as the Goths and Vandals and promised them land and citizenship in return. Pompeii: Go Social Studies Go!

The outside temperature rose to 570 degrees Fahrenheit instantly killing its victim. The ash that followed preserved their last moments. The archaeology behind Pompeii ​Borrowed from the Greeks, Romans created mosaics from cut glass, marble, and even pebbles. Roman mosaics could be of anything from scenes of the gods, gladiators, or just of Romans having dinner. Before Vesuvius the city of Pompeii was already historic, with some homes in the center of city dating back to 300 B.C.E. Tragedy in Pompeii Much of what historians know about life during the days of the Roman Empire is all due to the bad luck of one Roman town: Pompeii.

On August 24, 79 CE, the long dormant volcano, Vesuvius, roared back to life trapping the 20,000 residents of Pompeii inside the city. The volcanic cloud, now known as a Plinian Column, could be seen for miles early that afternoon. Pompeii would not be rediscovered until 1599 and then forgotten again until excavations began once again in 1764, 1860, and 1960. Augustus: Go Social Studies Go! Rome's First "Emperor" Augustus Caesar Ancient Rome is back to it's former glory thanks to Google Earth technology Enter the Empire History is full of quirky ironies. Take the assassination of Julius Caesar for instance. His assassins were so concerned that Julius was trying to take power for himself that they killed him to protect the Republic. The Roman Republic had become too weak to govern such a vast and quarrelsome bunch of people. The first of the Roman emperors was the adopted son of Julius Caesar-- Octavian.

Octavian became known as Augustus or "great one" and ruled as Caesar Augustus. The people accepted this new government change without much grumbling. Augustus ranks on our list of # 1 Roman emperors not just because he was the first but because, it was under his direction that Rome became one of the greatest civilizations the world has ever seen. "I found Rome of clay; I leave it to you of marble" -Augustus Caesar on his death bed The Pax Romana The Empire Strikes Back. Gladiators: Go Social Studies Go!

Nat Geo: When Rome Ruled: Secrets of the Gladiators Source: Becoming a Gladiator When the Romans were looking to blow an entire day watching unadulterated violence they didn’t reach for GTA. No, any Roman worth his toga headed straight for the nearest amphitheater to watch two gladiators fight to the death, or perhaps criminals being mauled by wild animals, or maybe both-- the Romans loved their violent entertainment that’s for sure. The Roman Empire lived for one thing: expansion. Gladiators came from all over the Roman Empire: POW’s, convicted criminals, unruly slaves, they were all forced to do battle for the amusement of the bloodthirsty Roman masses. A gladiator was the property of his ludus--his training school. The typical day for a gladiator was spent like that of any other warrior--hours of mind numbing training.

Armed with wooden weapons, gladiators would try to impress their trainers by hacking away at a 6 foot high wooden practice pole. Death in Rome Game.