# Fractal Architecture

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## Fractal Architecture by Michael Ostwald for the Nexus Network Journal vol.3 no.1 Winter 2001

Michael J. Ostwald Department of Architecture Faculty of Architecture, Building and Design, University of Newcastle University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308 AUSTRALIA INTRODUCTION F or more than two decades an intricate and contradictory relationship has existed between architecture and the sciences of complexity. While the nature of this relationship has shifted and changed throughout that time a common point of connection has been fractal geometry. Both architects and mathematicians have each offered definitions of what might, or might not, constitute fractal architecture. Curiously, there are few similarities between architects' and mathematicians' definitions of "fractal architecture".

## Fractal | Define Fractal at Dictionary

Cultural Dictionary fractal [( frak -tuhl)] Contraction of “fractional dimension.” This is a term used by mathematicians to describe certain geometrical structures whose shape appears to be the same regardless of the level of magnification used to view them.

## Fractal

Figure 1a. The Mandelbrot set illustrates self-similarity. As you zoom in on the image at finer and finer scales, the same pattern re-appears so that it is virtually impossible to know at which level you are looking. Figure 1b.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Une figure fractale ou fractale (ou encore en anglais fractal ), est une courbe ou surface de forme irrégulière ou morcelée qui se crée en suivant des règles déterministes ou stochastiques impliquant une homothétie interne. Le terme « fractale » est un néologisme créé par Benoît Mandelbrot en 1974 [ 1 ] à partir de la racine latine fractus , qui signifie brisé, irrégulier (fractale n.f). Dans la « théorie de la rugosité » développée par Mandelbrot, une fractale désigne des objets dont la structure est invariante par changement d’échelle. Ce terme était au départ un adjectif : les objets fractals (selon un pluriel formé sur l'exemple de "chantiers navals").

## Jsalaworkshop.PDF (Objet application/pdf)

02.23.07 - 04.22.07 | SCI-Arc Gallery Eisenman Architects: Grounded This installation considers Eisenman's "groundwork" from one of the earliest projects, the Cannaregio Town Square in Venice (1978), to the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, Ohio (1989) and the City of Culture of Galicia, in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (currently under construction). Beginning from the conventional notion of the gallery wall as a "ground," the installation uses the wall to register each of the three projects' differing relations with the ground. Rather than treat the gallery wall as the project's ground, here the solid wall represents space, and the voids carved into the wall mark the buildings' forms, inverting the expected object/wall relationship.