How Nanotechnology Works There's an unprecedented multidisciplinary convergence of scientists dedicated to the study of a world so small, we can't see it -- even with a light microscope. That world is the field of nanotechnology, the realm of atoms and nanostructures. Nanotechnology is so new, no one is really sure what will come of it. Even so, predictions range from the ability to reproduce things like diamonds and food to the world being devoured by self-replicating nanorobots. In order to understand the unusual world of nanotechnology, we need to get an idea of the units of measure involved. A centimeter is one-hundredth of a meter, a millimeter is one-thousandth of a meter, and a micrometer is one-millionth of a meter, but all of these are still huge compared to the nanoscale. As small as a nanometer is, it's still large compared to the atomic scale. In a lecture called "Small Wonders:The World of Nanoscience," Nobel Prize winner Dr. In the next section, we'll learn more about our world on the nanoscale.
International futures programme In 2006, the OECD launched the OECD Space Forum in co-operation with the space community. The Forum aims to assist governments, space-related agencies and the private sector to better identify the statistical contours of the growing space sector worldwide, while investigating the space infrastructure’s economic significance and potential impacts for the larger economy. Read more This project – involving telecoms, land transport, water and electricity – explores the many factors shaping demand for infrastructures worldwide over the coming decades, and points to the mounting difficulties, particularly in OECD countries, of financing growing infrastructure needs from public sector sources. Read more The Future of the Ocean Economy: Exploring the prospects for emerging ocean industries to 2030
Small world by Ralph C. Merkle Xerox PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 firstname.lastname@example.org This is an extended web version of the article published in the Feb/Mar 1997 issue of MIT Technology Review. This version has greater technical detail and embedded links. Introduction Manufactured products are made from atoms. Since we first made stone tools and flint knives we have been arranging atoms in great thundering statistical heards by casting, milling, grinding, chipping and the like. That's changing. Build products with almost every atom in the right place. One warning: in contrast to the useage in this article some researchers use the word "nanotechnology" to refer to high resolution lithographic technology while others use it to refer to almost any research where some critical size is less than a micron (1,000 nanometers). There are two main issues in nanotechnology: What might molecular manufacturing systems look like? The advantages ofnanotechnology The advantages of positional control
nano tech 2012 International Nanotechnology Exhibition & Conference Carbon Nanotubes Transmission electron microscopy of carbon nanotubes: a warning. Carbon nanotube science and technology Carbon nanotubes are molecular-scale tubes of graphitic carbon with outstanding properties. They are among the stiffest and strongest fibres known, and have remarkable electronic properties and many other unique characteristics. The current huge interest in carbon nanotubes is a direct consequence of the synthesis of buckminsterfullerene, C60 , and other fullerenes, in 1985. A transmission electron micrograph of some multiwalled nanotubes is shown in the figure (left). Structure The bonding in carbon nanotubes is sp, with each atom joined to three neighbours, as in graphite. The first two of these, known as “armchair” (top left) and “zig-zag” (middle left) have a high degree of symmetry. The structure of a nanotube can be specified by a vector, (n,m), which defines how the graphene sheet is rolled up. Synthesis Properties Nanohorns Return to top Nanotube links David Tomanek's Nanotube Site
11 Predictions for the World in 2030 That May Sound Outrageous Today but not in the Future. - I Look Forward To All futurism is speculation. It's time someone made some claims. I've picked developments I honestly consider plausible. Here are my 11 predictions for the world of 2030. I'm backing these claims up with previous writings. Alright, crystal ball time: 1. A tiny computer that fits in your ear, and translates what you hear into your own language? 2. Aubrey de Grey says: I think we have a 50% chance of achieving medicine capable of getting people to 200 in the decade 2030-2040. 3. The eradication of extreme poverty will happen in our lifetime. 4. Soil-based agriculture is so passé. 5. I'm sure you've dreamed it: Getting into a car, kicking your shoes off and leaning back with a good movie and a cold beer while your self-driven car takes you safely to your destination, without your having to worry about directions or pedestrians. 6. I actually think this is a conservative estimate. 7. Probably a lot sooner, actually. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Tiny brains created from SKIN could lead to cures for disorders like schizophrenia and autism Scientists used stem cells to grow 3D tissue that mimics a brainThe cells displayed an organisation similar to that seen in the early stages of the developing human brain's cerebral cortex - also known as grey matterThe miniature brains helped the researchers identify a defect that affects normal brain development in microcephaly leading to a smaller brainThe findings could eventually lead to treatments for other neurological disorders By Emma Innes Published: 18:19 GMT, 28 August 2013 | Updated: 00:00 GMT, 29 August 2013 A ‘brain in a bottle’ has been grown by stem cell scientists who hope it will lead to treatments for neurological and mental diseases. The ‘organoids’, three to four millimetres across, have a structure similar to that of an immature human brain. But the scientists insist that they are still far from creating an artificial brain – or even parts for damaged brains. ‘We are satisfied - or we hope - we will be able to model some of these defects as well.’