History - Europe
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This a documentary film on the role of Joseph Stalin during World War II.
Europe - Spain
History - Europe - France
A reconstruction of the helmet found at Sutton Hoo , probably belonging to Raedwald of East Anglia , who died around 624. Based on a Roman parade-helmet design, it has decorations similar to those found in contemporary Swedish helmets found at Old Uppsala . The Anglo-Saxons were the population in Britain partly descended from the Germanic tribes who migrated from continental Europe and settled the south and east of the island beginning in the early 5th century .
The first known settlements in Ireland began around 8000 BC, when mesolithic hunter-gatherers migrated from neighbouring Britain or the Continent.
Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons , some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics .
The territory that now constitutes England , a country within the United Kingdom , was inhabited by hominids 800,000 years ago as the discovery of flint tools at Happisburgh in Norfolk has revealed. [ 1 ] The earliest evidence for early modern humans in North West Europe is a jawbone discovered in Devon at Kents Cavern in 1927, which was re-dated in 2011 to between 41,000 and 44,000 years old. [ 2 ] Continuous human habitation dates to around 12,000 years ago, at the end of the last glacial period . The region has numerous remains from the Mesolithic , Neolithic , and Bronze Age , such as Stonehenge and Avebury . In the Iron Age , England, like all of Britain south of the Firth of Forth , was inhabited by the Celtic people known as the Britons , but also by some Belgae tribes (e.g. the Atrebates , the Catuvellauni , the Trinovantes , etc.) in the south east.
The history of Portugal , a European and an Atlantic nation , dates back to the Early Middle Ages .
History - Europe - Northern
The Roman Republic ( Latin : Res Publica Romana ) was the period of the ancient Roman civilization when the government operated as a republic .
Religion in ancient Rome encompasses the practices and beliefs the ancient Romans regarded as their own, as well as the many cults imported to Rome or practiced by peoples under Roman rule.
Publius (or Gaius ) Cornelius Tacitus (56 AD – 117 AD) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire . The surviving portions of his two major works—the Annals and the Histories —examine the reigns of the Roman Emperors Tiberius , Claudius , Nero , and those who reigned in the Year of the Four Emperors (AD 69).
Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire is a BBC One docudrama series, with each episode looking at a different key turning point in the history of the Roman Empire.
The history of Greece encompasses the history of the territory of the modern state of Greece, as well as that of the Greek people and the areas they ruled historically. The scope of Greek habitation and rule has varied much through the ages, and, as a result, the history of Greece is similarly elastic in what it includes.
Thucydides ( / θj uː ˈ s ɪ d ɨ d iː z / ; Ancient Greek : Θουκυδίδης , Thoukydídēs ; c. 460 – c. 395 BC) was a Greek historian and Athenian general . His History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens to the year 411 BC. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history", because of his strict standards of evidence-gathering and analysis in terms of cause and effect without reference to intervention by the gods, as outlined in his introduction to his work. [ 1 ]
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great ( Greek : Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας , Aléxandros ho Mégas iii[›] from the Greek ἀλέξω alexo "to defend, help" + ἀνήρ aner "man"), was a king of Macedon , a state in northern ancient Greece . Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16.
The history of Europe covers the people inhabiting the European continent since it was first populated in prehistoric times to present, with the first Homo sapiens arriving between 45,000 and 25,000 BC. The earliest settlers to Prehistoric Europe came during the paleolithic era. The arrival of agriculture around 7000 BC ushered in the neolithic age .
The Byzantine Empire (or Byzantium ) is a term used by modern historians to distinguish the Constantinople -centred Roman Empire of the Middle Ages from its earlier classical existence. It is also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire , primarily in the context of Late Antiquity , while the Empire was still administered with separate eastern and western political centres.