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Their Eyes Were Watching God

The Virgin Suicides. Introduction to Theory of Literature | Lecture 20 - The Classical Feminist Tradition. 2 Literary Criticism. Good literary criticism can be one of the hardest kinds of information to find on the Internet. Although there are many sources of online author information, it can often be difficult to find authoritative and critical works. To help you find the best information, we've collected some of the best starting places for finding online critical writing. This resource is particularly good for finding information on English-language authors, but also includes many authors whose works have been translated into English. If you find good guides to critical sites that we have missed, please let us know by using our Literary Criticism Feedback page. Best Starting Places | Other Useful Starting Places | Starting Places for Particular Time Periods Best Starting Places Internet Public Library Literary Criticism Collection The Literary Criticism Collection brings together hundreds of critical and biographical sites with annotations.

Other Useful Starting Places. Gender and the Body Language of Power. We’re celebrating the end of the year with our most popular posts from 2013, plus a few of our favorites tossed in. Enjoy! Philosopher Sandra Lee Bartky once observed that being feminine often means using one’s body to portray powerlessness. Consider: A feminine person keeps her body small and contained; she makes sure that it doesn’t take up to much space or impose itself. She walks and sits in tightly packaged ways. She doesn’t cover the breadth of the sidewalk or expand herself beyond the chair she occupies. Likewise, burping and farting, raising one’s voice in an argument, and even laughing loudly are considered distinctly unfeminine.

Stunningly, when you think about it, these features of feminine body comportment are, in fact, not uniquely feminine, but associated with deference more generally. Acting feminine, then, overlaps with performances of submissiveness. New evidence suggests that this is not pure theory. Introduction to Theory of Literature | Lecture 20 - The Classical Feminist Tradition. Syllabus for the Course: Feminist Theory. Syllabi for Women & Gender-Related Courses in Anthropology | Association for Feminist Anthropology. Women in Lit Links.

Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption

English Literature in Context. '... a brilliantly designed textbook, thoughtfully conceived and appealingly presented, clearly showing how literature is vibrantly alive in and to the world in which it was written. Both students and teachers will find this book of great use and genuine interest.' David Scott Kastan, Columbia University '... an excellent and invaluable guide, sure to enhance the student’s encounter with major works and authors on an English degree course. If there’s one book students should have alongside them as they study the primary sources, this is it.' Elaine Treharne, Florida State University 'This is certainly a book which I would recommend as required reading for students ... at present such an overarching and detailed textbook like this does not exist and would therefore be an excellent addition to an English degree course.' Claire Brock, University of Leicester.

'Female Freedom Has an Expiration Date' - Being 35 and Single. Women Working - , 1800–1930. Schlesinger Library. Judy Chicago: Through the Archives. Judy Chicago: Through the Archives opens on February 26, 2014, and runs through September 30, 2014. It will be on view on the first floor of the Schlesinger Library during regular library hours: Monday through Friday from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Judy Chicago was born Judith Sylvia Cohen in Chicago, Illinois, on July 20, 1939, the oldest child in a family of secular Jewish liberals. Her father, Arthur, a Marxist labor organizer and post office worker, conveyed to his daughter a lifelong passion for social justice and a belief that the purpose of life was to make a difference. Her mother, May, a medical secretary and former dancer, recognized her daughter’s abilities and enrolled her at an early age in classes at the Art Institute of Chicago.

Their household was alive with blues and jazz music, talk of contemporary fiction, and political awareness of the rights of workers, African Americans, and women. Early Career (1965–1973) Early Feminist Teaching (1970–1974) Dr. Birth Project (1980–1985) Portraits of American Women Writers: Gallery. African American Women Writers of the 19th Century. Gender and Women's Studies | Weblinks | Philip Nel | Department of English. Images of Women in Literature Syllabus. Women In Literature Syllabus. English 3340.01/Thursday 6-8:40/ SUA 102D/Dr. Zabelle Stodola/Spring 2006 Office: University Plaza (at Asher and University) until the English Department moves back to its permanent suite in SH 502 sometime in February Phone: 569-3161/8315 (w); for emergencies only, 664-8747 (h) E-mail: (my preferred method of communication) Office hours: Tuesday 11:30 to 1, Thursday I 1:30 to 5:30, and by appointment.

The best time to see me is before and after class. 1. 2. 3. . · The first paper (3-4 pages, typed double-spaced, 10% of final grade) is due in week 4 and will be your assessment of a film that you consider to be a feminist film. . · The second paper (8-10 pages, 30% of final grade) is due in week 13 and should provide a critical/biographical profile of a woman writer we are not covering in class. . · The third paper (4-5 pages, 25% of final grade) is due in week 15 and should respond to some of the theoretical issues raised in the critical/theoretical readings. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Resources in American literature and culture (non-frames version) Teachingliterature / (Representations) Women in literature. Why should we study women and literature? What, if anything, distinguishes female writers from male writers, female protagonists from male protagonists, feminine language from masculine language? This course is a study, intended for women and men, of the tradition of literature by women and its relationship to movements and periods of the mainstream male-dominated canon. Begun by students at BMCC, New York City, Spring 2008.

Textbook[edit] The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women: The Traditions in English, by Susan Gubar and Sandra M. Instructions[edit] Homework can be completed here each week. Your second weekly assignment is to write down a discussion question for the assigned reading for the upcoming day of class. Your final paper should be written or posted in drafts on a page of your own, linked to the pages of the authors it concerns and to the main page here. Syllabus[edit] Week 1: Virginia Woolf: “A Room of One’s Own”; Anne Bradstreet: “The Author to her Book” Women in the Nineteenth Century. Text only Women in the Nineteenth Century It was an age where the impact of the industrial revolution caused a sharp differentiation between the gender roles, especially of the upper and middle classes. Men and women were thought to have completely different natures, owing largely to Darwin's work in biological determinism, and people saw those differences as dictating separate and different functions in society.

Men were thought to have natures suited to the public world, women to the private. The following chart illustrates some of the differences that were thought to exist biologically. Stereotypes Note that these traits are generally polar opposites, following the thought that men and women were complete opposites of each other. "The Cult of True Womanhood," 1820-1860, is a term coined by historian Barbara Welter to describe the process of acculturating women to this ideal in America.

Piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity. Sexuality Fashion Employment Contact Kimberly M. The New Woman Fiction. Introduction The final two decades of the Victorian era witnessed the beginning of a shift in social attitudes regarding gender relations, which is marked by a steady move away from the pattern of patriarchal male supremacy and female dependence towards the modern pattern of gender equality. One of the manifestations of this movement is the emergence of the New Woman fiction.

The Woman Question The Woman Question, raised by Mary Wollstonecraft in her pamphlet, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), influenced the mid- and late-Victorian feminists. In the 1850s, Harriet Martineau continued vigorously the Woman Question debate in her polemical writings. A number of Victorian feminists, including Emily Davies, Frances Power Cobbe, Josephine Butler, Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon and Millicent Garrett Fawcett, revived the Woman Question debate in their campaign for women’s rights, including the right to higher education, property, employment and suffrage.

The Odd Women The New Woman. Coventry Patmore's Daring Subject — Marriage. Lthough Coventry Patmore's The Angel in the House had many Victorian admirers, most twentieth-century commentators criticize the poem for its supposedly tame subject, marriage, or treat it solely as an influentual text that idealized women as domestic goddesses — and hence, in some way, represents (or even caused) Victorian England's limitation of women to the domestic sphere. Whatever the role of The Angel in the House in supposedly confining middle-class wives to the home, it nonetheless represents a surprisingly daring choice of subject — marriage.

Poetry about the relations between men and women fall into a relatively small number of categories, perhaps the most famous of which is the seduction poem, a subgenre that goes back to classical times. Marriage has never inspired much poetry at all. Chapter Eight: Century's End: "The Coming Universal Wish Not to Live. Ccording to William Knighton, whose essay on suicide appeared in the 1881 Contemporary Review, "Men everywhere are becoming more weary of the burden of life" (82). By the last quarter of the nineteenth century, simply being alive had become a severe trial to many. Hopelessness beset the dispossessed and sensitive alike, and vitality seemed to be eroding away with the century. Men, especially, seemed to find it harder to displace anxiety and death. They felt out of control, powerless against the force of their own inventions, runaway science, runaway technology, runaway urbanism.

Lost and homeless in an alien universe, the articulate among them spun eloquent metaphors to define their plight. Looking back to the 1870s and 1880s, Havelock Ellis recalled that he "had the feeling that the universe was represented as a sort of factory filled by an inextricable web of wheels and looms and flying shuttles, in a deafening din. When Faith and Love and Hope are dead indeed, Can Life still live?

Gender, desire, and power in 19th century French culture. Project MUSE - "They Prefer Withdrawal": The Choice of Birth Control in Britain, 1918-1950. Bedford/St. Martin's: The House of Mirth First Edition by Edith Wharton, Edited by Shari Benstock. The Queens Looking Glass (Gilbert and Gubar) And the lady of the house was seen only as she appeared in each room, according to the nature of the lord of the room. None saw the whole of her, none but herself. For the light which she was was both her mirror and her body. None could tell the whole of her, none but herself. —Laura Riding Alas!

A woman that attempts the pen Such an intruder on the rights of men, Such a presumptuous Creature is esteem’d The fault can by no vertue be redeem’d. —Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea As to all that nonsense Henry and Larry talked about, the necessity of "I am God" in order to create (I suppose they mean "I am God, I am not a woman"). . . . this "I am God," which makes creation an act of solitude and pride, this image of God alone making sky, earth, sea, it is this image which has confused woman. Is a pen a metaphorical penis? Eccentric and obscure though he was, Hopkins was articulating a concept central to that Victorian culture of which he was in this case a representative male citizen.

A few thoughts on Woolf’s androgynous mind | A Year of Feminist Classics. Hi all, it’s Emily from Evening All Afternoon. A big thanks to this month’s host Ana and the rest of the fine ladies here at Year of Feminist Classics for letting me guest-post! I love this project almost as much as I adore Virginia Woolf, so it seemed natural to spend a little time here writing about one of my favorite passages from A Room of One’s Own. Hope you enjoy! And I went on amateurishly to sketch a plan of the soul so that in each of us two powers preside, one male, one female; and in the man’s brain, the man predominates over the woman, and in the woman’s brain, the woman predominates over the man. The normal and comfortable state of being is that when the two live in harmony together, spiritually co-operating. I’ll level with you: Virginia Woolf’s theory of the androgynous mind changed my life. On subsequent readings, and in reading others’ reactions, I realized that this idea I was so excited about is also one of the most controversial claims in Woolf’s famous essay.

Woolf’s Androgynous Mind. Annette Kolodny – “Dancing Through the Minefield” | literary theory dance party. Annette Kolodny, “Dancing Through the Minefield: Some Observations on the Theory, Practice, and Politics of a Feminist Literary Criticism,” in E. Showalter, ed. New Feminist Criticism (1980), pp. 144-5; 159-63 I was quite taken with this excerpt from Kolodny. She is a careful thinker committed to both “intellectual honesty [and] hard-won insights,” both of which she displays in spades in her writing. Kolodny opens with a discussion of the history of the definition of “feminist literary criticism.” As something of a nonsequitur, I found it noteworthy that all three of the feminist critics I read directly mentioned Adrienne Rich; such pervasive reference seems to present Rich as something of a “voice of the movement.” Kolodny then recognizes what she calls “the most explosive threat” leveled against feminism, the allegation that “feminist literary criticism appears woefully deficient in system, and painfully lacking in program.”

Like this: Like Loading... “Courtly Love, Or, Woman As Thing”: How To Do Lacanian Analysis Like Slavoj Zizek (Or, At Least Understand What He’s Getting At When He Does) | Prometheus Unbound. In his essay, “Courtly Love, or, Woman as Thing” (1994) cultural critic Slavoj Zizek (b. 1949) presents courtly love—knight-Lady romance as ritualized in the European Middle Ages—through a Lacanian lens (Jacques Lacan, the psychoanalyst popularly dubbed the “French Freud”). Courtly love, on Zizek’s reading, is representative of our existential problem as such.

The reality, according to him (and, always by extension, Lacan), is that we are in the midst of a universe that simply is not comprehensible to us: it neither answers to our most narcissistic desires (such as to live forever without suffering) nor makes sense when we press our questions beyond a certain point. For example, “What kind of universe is this, that the Holocaust happened in it?” When we ask such a question, neither God nor the universe speaks; they are mute; their radical otherness resists comprehension. What do human beings really know about themselves? So how do we deal with the opaque and capricious Real? Like this: Woman is one of the Names-of-the Father. The usual way of misreading Lacan's formulas of sexuation 1 is to reduce the difference of the masculine and the feminine side to the two formulas that define the masculine position, as if masculine is the universal phallic function and feminine the exception, the excess, the surplus that eludes the grasp of the phallic function.

Such a reading completely misses Lacan's point, which is that this very position of the Woman as exception-say, in the guise of the Lady in courtly love-is a masculine fantasy par excellence. As the exemplary case of the exception constitutive of the phallic function, one usually mentions the fantasmatic, obscene figure of the primordial father-jouisseur who was not encumbered by any prohibition and was as such able fully to enjoy all women. Does, however, the figure of the Lady in courtly love not fully fit these determinations of the primordial father?

In this precise sense, Woman is one of the names-of-the-father. Notes 11 G.W.F. Literary Interpretation: Virginia Woolf's Shakespeare | Literature. Virginia Woolf. Virginia Woolf – Mrs. Dalloway (Part 1) Mrs Dalloway. » Mapping Mrs. Dalloway Introduction to Digital Humanities. Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea. Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea. Female Tradition as Feminist Innovation by Annie Finch. A Teacher and Her Student: Marilynne Robinson. Lessing, Doris : The Fifth Child. George R. R. Martin on writing women. Why D.H. Lawrence, Misogynist Male Author, Has Lots of Female Fans - Noah Berlatsky. English Literature Author: Zora Neale Hurston. Apprchs to Teaching Z N Hurston (MLA) table of contents. "George Eliot" by Virginia Woolf.

Jude the Obscure

The Awakening.