Leading the Fight Against Illegal Logging Did you know that up to 30 percent of all wood traded globally has been obtained illegally?
Around the world, illegal logging remains a serious problem, threatening communities, funding organized crime, and undercutting American jobs. Thankfully, the United States is helping lead the fight against illegal logging by enforcing the Lacey Act, a landmark conservation law that prohibits the importation of illegally sourced wood products. Since being amended in 2008, the Lacey Act has shown a strong track record of holding companies that source illegal wood accountable.
Today, the Sierra Club is releasing a new online feature focused on illegal logging and the Lacey Act. Take a look to learn more about the impacts of illegal logging and how you can help protect forests and communities around the world. This post originally ran on the Sierra Club's blog, Lay of the Land. Illegal Logging: How it's affecting our environment.
Kleenex Cottonelle > The Environment > Illegal Logging WWF defines illegal logging as occurring when timber is harvested or traded in violation of relevant national or sub-national laws or where access to forest resources or trade in forest products is authorized through corrupt practices.
Deforestation: Facts, Causes & Effects. Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to make the land available for other uses.
An estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest, which is roughly the size of the country of Panama, are lost each year, according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Some other statistics: About half of the world's tropical forests have been cleared (FAO) Forests currently cover about 30 percent of the world’s land mass (National Geographic) Forest loss contributes between 6 percent and 12 percent of annual global carbon dioxide emissions (Nature Geoscience) About 36 football fields worth of trees lost every minute (World Wildlife Fund (WWF)) Deforestation occurs around the world, though tropical rainforests are particularly targeted. NASA predicts that if current deforestation levels proceed, the world's rainforests may be completely in as little as 100 years. There are many causes of deforestation. Some other common reasons are:
Deforestation. Latest news March 22 2015: Deforestation again on rise in Amazon.
After increasing slightly in 2013, the pace of deforestation has more than doubled in the past six months. Between 2005 and 2010, Brazil’s greenhouse gas emissions had plunged by 39%, declining faster than in any other country. Brazil accomplished this by slashing its deforestation rate by more than three-quarters, mostly in the Amazon basin. (Burning forests to clear them is the second biggest source of greenhouse gases after the combustion of fossil fuels, accounting for 30% of the CO2 produced by human activities, according to one U.N. study.) Google has developed an interactive map to show forest change around the planet. link ______________________________________________________________ Latest news: April 2 2015: Wildfires are wiping out Canada and Russia’s boreal forests. Illegal logging. What is illegal logging?
Illegal logging is the harvesting, transporting, processing, buying or selling of timber in violation of national laws. It also applies to harvesting wood from protected areas, exporting threatened plant/tree species, and falsifying official documents. Less obvious acts of illegal logging include breaking license agreements, tax evasion, corrupting government officials and interfering with access and rights to forest areas.
What causes illegal logging? Illegal logging exists because of increasing demand for timber, paper and derivative products (including packaging) – a trend that is likely to continue. But not all wood removal is due to trade. Orangutan Foundation International. Illegal logging negatively impacts the economic and ecological systems of optimal forest management.
According to the text of the 1998 G-8 meeting held in Birmingham on forest management, “illegal logging robs national and subnational governments, forest owners and local communities of significant revenues and benefits, damages forest ecosystems, distorts timber markets and forest resource assessments and acts as a disincentive to sustainable forest management. International trade in illegally harvested timber including transfer pricing, under invoicing and other illegal practices, exacerbates the problem of illegal logging.” The magnitude of illegal logging is significant. Research indicates that in the recent past over 70 per cent of timber processed in Indonesia came from illegal sources.
Illegal logging is not as prevalent as it was during the 1980s and 90s although it still occurs. Illegal Logging Portal.