background preloader

Bystander Effect

Facebook Twitter

Do you think you would get more immediate help during an emergency in...
(1) a larger crowd or (2) only a few people around?

If you chose (1), the opposite – ironically – is true instead!
According to social psychologist, this is due to the Bystander Effect!

Read on to find out about the Bystander Effect, some examples of it, factors influencing this phenomenon and how to counteract it. What Is the Bystander Effect? Bystander effect. Are We Victims Of "Bystander Effect"? Story of Kitty Genovese. The Kitty Genovese murder in Queens, New York, in 1964 is one of the most famous murder cases to come out of New York City and into the national spotlight.

Story of Kitty Genovese

What propelled it wasn’t the crime or the investigation, but the press coverage that alleged the murder had many witnesses who refused to come to the Kitty Genovese’s defense. This has been disproved over time, but not before it became part of the accepted lore of the crime. Kitty Genovese was returning from work home at around 2:30 a.m. on March 13, 1964, when she was approached by a man with a knife. Genovese ran toward her apartment building front door, and the man grabbed her and stabbed her while she screamed. A neighbor, Robert Mozer, yelled out his window, “Let that girl alone!” Genovese, seriously injured, crawled to the rear of her apartment building, out of the view of any possible witnesses. She was found by neighbor Sophia Farrar, who screamed for someone to call the police. Kitty Genovese. New Yorkers grapple with stabbing death. New Yorkers are grappling with the inaction of more than two dozen pedestrians who didn't help a Good Samaritan bleeding to death on a sidewalk after he tried to save a woman from a knife-wielding man in Queens, N.Y.

New Yorkers grapple with stabbing death

Hugo Alfredo Tale-Yax, 31, was stabbed at about 7:20 a.m. on April 18 as he tried to help a woman being threatened by a knife-wielding man. Surveillance video from an apartment building captured Tale-Yax chasing the attacker before collapsing on the sidewalk. Both the woman and attacker fled. Over the next hour and 20 minutes, more than 25 people walked by and did nothing. By the time paramedics arrived, it was too late and Tale-Yax was dead.

Most ignored him. In a city accustomed to anonymity and violence, New Yorkers were still disappointed with others. "It's man's inhumanity toward man," one man told the CBC's David Common. Her screams were heard by a dozen people, but each assumed someone else would call the police. Chinese toddler left for dead in hit-and-run crash dies. A two-year-old girl in southern China, who was run over by two vans and ignored by 18 passers-by, has died, hospital officials say.

Chinese toddler left for dead in hit-and-run crash dies

Surveillance camera footage showed people walking past the girl as she lay bleeding and unconscious. It sparked a wave of condemnation and soul-searching on China's social networking sites. Doctors had earlier said Wang Yue, who had been in a coma since the incident on 13 October, was unlikely to survive. Police have detained the drivers of both vehicles involved in the incident, which happened in the city of Foshan in southern Guangdong Province.

Outrage. Ignored Psych Patient Dies on Hospital Floor. July 1, 2008— -- Even pared down to a few minutes, the hour-long surveillance video is disturbing.

Ignored Psych Patient Dies on Hospital Floor

At 5:32 a.m. June 19, a woman in a hospital gown in the waiting area of the psychiatric emergency room of a New York City hospital topples first to her knees before collapsing on her face. A full hour passes. Other people stream in and out of the waiting room, including hospital security guards. The woman writes something on the ground before going completely still. The woman, 49-year-old Esmin Green, died on the floor of the waiting room at the Kings County Hospital Center Psychiatric Emergency Department. The native of Jamaica, who had been waiting for a bed when she collapsed, had been involuntarily admitted the previous day for "agitation and psychosis," according to the City Health and Hospital Corp., which acknowledged June 20 that Green had been left unattended on the ground for an hour. The 21st century bystander effect happens every day online. If you’re going to fall, injure yourself and need help, where is a good place to do it?

The 21st century bystander effect happens every day online

Should you choose a busy thoroughfare or a deserted backstreet? Statistics and experiments in social psychology will tell you that if you need help, you should avoid dropping in a busy street, even if hundreds of people are passing through.

Pluralistic Ignorance

Diffusion of Responsibility. Stages of Bystander Intervention. How to Overcome the Bystander Effect. Psychologists have long been interested in exactly why and when we help other people.

How to Overcome the Bystander Effect

There has also been a tremendous amount of interest in the reasons why we sometimes don't help others. The bystander effect is a social phenomenon that occurs when people fail to help those in need due to the presence of other people. In many cases, people feel that since there are other people around, surely someone else will leap into action.1 While the bystander effect can have a negative impact on prosocial behavior, altruism and heroism, researchers have identified a number of different factors that can help people overcome this tendency and increase the likelihood that they will engage in helping behaviors.2 Some of these include: Witnessing Helping Behavior Sometimes just seeing other people doing something kind or helpful makes us more willing to help others. Imagine that you are walking into a large department store.

Being Observant Being Skilled and Knowledgeable Guilt Feeling Good. 5Ds Intervention Model. Brochure Regarding Bystander Effect Intervention for Harassment. Video Explanation Regarding Bystander Intervention for Harassment. Active bystander.