Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche ( / ˈ n iː tʃ ə / [ 42 ] or / ˈ n i tʃ i / ; [ 43 ] German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːt͡sʃə] ; October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a German philosopher , poet , composer , cultural critic , and classical philologist .
Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None ( German : Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen ) (also translated as Thus Spake Zarathustra ) is a philosophical novel by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche , composed in four parts between 1883 and 1885.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin ( Russian : Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин , tr.
Eugene Onegin ( Russian : Евге́ний Оне́гин , BGN/PCGN : Yevgeniy Onegin ) is a novel in verse written by Alexander Pushkin .
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish writer and poet . After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for his epigrams and plays, and the circumstances of his imprisonment which was followed by his early death.
The Picture of Dorian Gray is the only published novel by Oscar Wilde , appearing as the lead story in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine on 20 June 1890, printed as the July 1890 issue of this magazine. [ 1 ] The magazine's editors feared the story was indecent as submitted, so they censored roughly 500 words, without Wilde's knowledge, before publication.
Victor Marie Hugo ( French pronunciation: [viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo] ; 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best known French writers. In France, Hugo's literary fame comes first from his poetry but also rests upon his novels and his dramatic achievements.
Les Misérables (usually pron.: / l eɪ ˌ m ɪ z ə ˈ r ɑː b / ; French pronunciation: [le mizeʁabl(ə)] ) is a French historical novel by Victor Hugo , first published in 1862, that is considered one of the greatest novels of the nineteenth century.
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky [ a ] ( Russian : Фёдор Миха́йлович Достое́вский ; IPA: [ˈfʲodər mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ dəstɐˈjefskʲɪj] (
The Brothers Karamazov ( Russian : Братья Карамазовы Brat'ya Karamazovy , pronounced [ˈbratʲjə kərɐˈmazəvɨ] ) is the final novel by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky .
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain is an 1876 novel about a young boy growing up along the Mississippi River . The story is set in the Town of "St.
Charles Pierre Baudelaire ( French: [ʃaʁl bodlɛʁ] ; April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was a French poet who produced notable work as an essayist, art critic , and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe .
The first edition of Les Fleurs du mal with author's notes.
Alexandre Dumas ( pronounced: [a.lɛk.sɑ̃dʁ dy.ma] , born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie , [dy.ma da.vi‿d.la pa.jə.tʁi] , 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), [ 1 ] also known as Alexandre Dumas, père , was a French writer, best known for his historical novels of high adventure.