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Sufism: Poetry & Greats

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When I read a collection of Mevlana Rumi's poems earlier this year called The Essential Rumi, I was hooked and now I love Sufi poetry and Eastern poetry more than Western.

One of my university professors that I studied under years ago, Coleman Banks, is the translator of most of the poetry of Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī or Mevlana as the Turks call him. I've had a couple of Turkish students who are from Konya in Turkey where Mevlana settled after fleeing Afghanistan during the Mongol invasions. My interest in Mevlana Rumi's poetry has now expanded to Sufism in general and other Sufi poets.

Sufi Poets and Sufi Poetry. Sufism and the encounters that Sufism facilitates --encounters with God, love, and the deepest aspects of human consciousness-- have evoked feelings in Sufis that have poured out through their ravaged hearts onto their lucid tongues, providing us with some of the most beautiful and profound poetry ever written. Some of the most prominent of the Sufis who wrote poetry were Rumi, Attar, and Hafez (in Persian), Hallaj and Ibn al-Farid (in Arabic), and Yunus Emre (in Turkish). Sufi Poetry in Translation and the Original Languages Sufi Poets who wrote in PersianCollections of Classical Persian Poetry This is a searchable treasury of 34 of the most important collections (divan) of classical Persian poetry. AttarFarid al-Din 'Attar an article by Iraj Bashiri Introduction to the Conference of the Birds is an article summarizing some of the main teachings of Attar's most famous poetical work, the Mantiq al-tayr.

It includes a few couplets in translation. Sufi Poetry. Updated: 7-Apr-2014 A few poems from each of the following authors are included here as examples of the wondrous depth and variety of Sufi poetry: Attar Hafiz Jami Rumi Saadi Sanai Yunus Emry Shabistari Ansari Rabi'a Abil Kheir Sultan Bahu Ibn 'Arabi Baba Kuhi Mansur al-Hallaj Amir Khusrau Moinuddin Hasan Chishti Hazret-i Uftade Attar of Nishapur(1145 - 1221 ce) saint and mystic, one of the most voluminous authors in Persian literature on religious topics.

His best-known work, Conference of the Birds, is an elaborate allegory of the soul's quest for reunion with God So long as we do not die to ourselves, and so long as we identify with someone or something, we shall never be free. The spiritual way is not for those wrapped up in exterior life. Farid ud Din Attar Strive to discover the mystery before life is taken from you. Intoxicated by the Wine of Love. Farid ud Din Attar - translation Margaret Smith -The Jawhar Al-Dhat In the dead of night, a Sufi began to weep. Oh! Sanai. Farid al-Din Attar. (1145-1146 - c. 1221; Persian : ابو حمید ابن ابوبکر ابراهیم ‎), better known by his pen-names ( ) and ( - "the perfumer"), was a Persian Muslim poet, theoretician of Sufism , and hagiographer from Nīshāpūr who had an abiding influence on Persian poetry and Sufism .

Biography Information about Attar's life is rare. He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi . However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur , a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran ), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Seljuq period . It seems that he was not well known as a poet in his own lifetime, except at his home town, and his greatness as a mystic, a poet, and a master of narrative was not discovered until the 15th century. 1 `Attar was probably the son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields.

`Attar's initiation into Sufi practices is subject to much speculation and fabrication. Teachings Poetry Works Divan F. Bibi Hayati Kermani | WISE Muslim Women. This search feature will enable you to find Muslim women alphabetically by their first names. Many Muslim names have alternative spellings once rendered into English so if you cannot find the name you are looking for, please try the general search tab where you can enter keywords of your choice. This search feature will enable you to find Muslim women chronologically by the Common Era century. We are actively building the archive of Muslim women leaders from the past, as well as from today, and we would welcome your recommendations of women to feature.

Please complete our “Recommend Muslim Women” form and check the site again in the near future as we actively expand this section of the portal with your suggestions. This search feature will enable you to find Muslim women by their Country. We are actively building the archive of Muslim women leaders from the past, as well as from today, and we would welcome your recommendations of women to feature. Bibi Hayati. Bibi Hayati was born in a province of Persia in what is now Iraq. She was brought up in a Sufi community and became a disciple and then wife of the Sufi Master Nur’ Ali Shah. Her poetry reflects the Sufi belief of the universal transcendence of the Divine. She alludes to how the the Beloved shines in and through the many things of the world. Poem by Bibi Hayati Before there was a trace of this world of men, I carried the memory of a lock of your hair, A stray end gathered within me, though unknown.

Inside that invisible realm, Your face like the sun longed to be seen, Until each separate object was finally flung into light. From the moment of Time’s first-drawn breath, Love resides in us, A treasure locked into the heart’s hidden vault; Before the first seed broke open the rose bed of Being, An inner lark soared through your meadows, Heading toward Home. What can I do but thank you, one hundred times?

Your face illumines the shrine of Hayati’s eyes, Constantly present and lovely. Mevlana Festival in KONYA(Turkey) Female Whirling Dervishes - Turkey. Mercan Dede, 'Dunya Festival Rotterdam' 25/05/2008. Sufism in Istanbul, Turkey. Rabia Basri. Rābiʻa al-ʻAdawiyya al-Qaysiyya (Arabic: رابعة العدوية القيسية‎) or simply Rābiʿah al-Baṣrī (Arabic: رابعة البصري‎) (717–801 C.E.) was a female Muslim saint and Sufi mystic[1] . Life[edit] She was born between 713 and 717 AD (100 and 108 Hijri) in Basra, Iraq. Much of her early life is narrated by Farid ud-Din Attar, a later Sufi Saint and poet, who used earlier sources.

Rabia herself did not leave any written works. She was the fourth daughter of her family and therefore named Rabia, meaning "fourth". Although not born into slavery, her family was poor yet respected in the community. According to Farid ud-Din Attar, Rabia's parents were so poor that there was no oil in house to light a lamp, nor a cloth even to wrap her with. In the night Muhammad appeared to him in a dream and told him, "Your newly born daughter is a favorite of the Lord, and shall lead many Muslims to the right path. Rabia's father got up and went straight to the Amir with tears of joy rolling down his cheeks. "Lord! Rabia Al Basra-Female Sufi Sant Of Love, Courage And Dedication | Magazine for Mind, Body & Soul- soul curry.

{*style:<b>O Allah ! If I worship you for fear of hell Burn me in hell If I worship you in hope of paradise Exclude me from paradise But if I worship you for your own sake Grudge me not your everlasting beauty </b>*} These are the words of the female sufi saint Rabia al Basra. Many spiritual stories are associated with her, but what we do know of her life is essentially reality merged with legend. She was the fourth daughter of her family and therefore named Rabia, meaning ‘fourth’. In the night the Prophet appeared to Rabia’s father in a dream and said, “Your newly born daughter is a favorite of the Lord and shall lead many Muslims to the right path.

Rabia’s father went to the Amir with tears of joy rolling down his cheeks. Rabia’s parents died in her childhood and some time later when Basra was in the grip of a fierce famine, she got separated from her sisters. {*style:<b>“Rabia’s worldly possessions are said to have been {*style:<b> Rabia was a mystic of the newly emerging Sufi order. Rabia Basri. I have loved Thee with two loves, a selfish love and a love that is worthy (of Thee). As for the love which is selfish, I occupy myself therein with remembrance of Thee to the exclusion of all others, As for that which is worthy of Thee, therien Thou raisest the veil that I may see Thee.

Yet is there no praise to me in this or that, But the praise is to Thee, whether in that or this. In the history of Islam, the woman saint made her appearance at a very early period, and in the evolution of the cult of saints by Muslims, the dignity of saintship was conferred on women as much as on men. As far as rank among the 'friends of God' was concerned, there was complete equality between the sexes. It was the development of mysticism (Sufism) within Islam, which gave women their great opportunity to attain the rank of sainthood. Such a conception of the relations between the saint and his Lord left no room for the distinction of sex. A later biographer, al-Munawi, says of her: Rabia al Basri - All poems of Rabia al Basri. Yunus Emre. Yunus Emre (Turkish pronunciation: [juˈnus emˈɾe]) (1240? –1321?) Was a Turkish poet and Sufi mystic. He has exercised immense influence on Turkish literature, from his own day until the present. Because Yunus Emre is, after Ahmet Yesevi and Sultan Walad, one of the first known poets to have composed works in the spoken Turkish of his own age and region rather than in Persian or Arabic, his diction remains very close to the popular speech of his contemporaries in Central and Western Anatolia.

This is also the language of a number of anonymous folk-poets, folk-songs, fairy tales, riddles (tekerlemeler), and proverbs. Like the Oghuz Book of Dede Korkut, an older and anonymous Central Asian epic, the Turkish folklore that inspired Yunus Emre in his occasional use of tekerlemeler as a poetic device had been handed down orally to him and his contemporaries. Yunus Emre's portrait is depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 200 lira banknote issued in 2009.[4] External links[edit] References[edit] Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi 1165AD - 1240AD and the Ibn 'Arabi Society. When My Beloved Appears. EL-GHAZALI. THE twelfth-century philosopher and Sufi El-Ghazali quotes in his Book of Knowledge this line from El-Mutanabbi: 'To the sick man, sweet water tastes bitter in the mouth.' This could very well be taken as Ghazali's motto.

Eight hundred years before Pavlov, he pointed out and hammered home (often in engaging parables, sometimes in startlingly 'modern' words) the problem of conditioning. In spite of Pavlov and the dozens of books and report of clinical studies into human behaviour made since the Korean war, the ordinary student of things of the mind is unaware of the power of indoctrination.1 Indoctrination, in totalitarian societies, is something which is desirable providing that it furthers the beliefs of such societies.

In other groupings its presence is scarcely even suspected. Ghazali's work not only predates, but also exceeds, the contemporary knowledge of these matters. His books were burnt by Mediterranean bigots from Spain to Syria. Ghazali on the Path Attraction of Celebrities. Mevlana Celaddiin-i Rumi, 13th century Muslim saint and Anatolian mystic. Virtual Tour of Mevlana Museum / Mevlana Müzesi Sanal Tur Uygulaması / 2007. Mowlana, Poet of Life’s Dance | Payvand.com. Compiled By: Firouzeh Mirrazavi, Deputy Editor of Iran Review Each year on December a religious celebration is held at the site of Rumi’s tomb, to which tens of thousands of pilgrims come. In the shrine there is a silver plated step on which the followers of Mowlana rub their foreheads and place kisses.

This area is usually cordoned off but is opened for these devotional actions during the December pilgrimage festivities. In addition to the shrine of Rumi, pilgrims to Konya will visit the shrine of Hazrat Shemsuddin of Tabriz (traditionally visited before the shrine of Rumi), the shrine of Sadreduddin Konevi (a disciple of Hazrat ibn Arabi and a contemporary of Mowlana), the shrine of Yusuf Atesh-Baz Veli, and the shrine of Tavus Baba (who may in fact have been a women and therefore Tavus Ana). Every year around December 07-17, the streets of Konya are decorated with images of whirling dervishes, the Islamic mystics who seek to commune with the infinite through ecstatic dance.

Interview: 'Many Americans Love Rumi...But They Prefer He Not Be Muslim' Source: RFE/RL Ibrahim Gamard is a California-based sheikh of the Sufi Mevlevi order and has spent his life translating the poetry of the 13th-century Sufi mystic, Rumi. Murtazali Dugrichilov of RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service spoke to Gamard about why Rumi is so popular in the West and the problems of modern-day Sufism. RFE/RL: Is it possible to say that Mevlana Rumi's poetry is more popular today in the West than in Muslim countries? Ibrahim Gamard: Yes, this is possible.

However, Rumi's poetry remains highly read and appreciated in Iran. RFE/RL: How do you explain the huge popularity of Rumi's poetry and that of other Muslim poets at a time when anti-Islamic sentiment in the West is on the rise? Gamard: In spite of anti-Islamic sentiments, Islam continues to be the fastest-growing religion in the United States. RFE/RL: For the past few years, we've been observing a very disturbing tendency in Chechnya and Daghestan.

Gamard: This is something about which I know little. Rumi Ruminations - Wisdom of Rumi. MEVLANA CELALEDDIN-I RUMI: DANCE OF LOVE - TRAILER. Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi: Aşkın Dansı (Rumi - The Dance of Love) Rumi: Say I Am You (Sufi poem) MERCAN DEDE. The Mevlana Rumi derwishes of Damascus. Afghanistan Hakim Sanai. Afghanland.com: Hakim Sana’i was one of the most significant poets in the history of Islamic mysticism. The proper name of Sana’i of Ghazni was Abul Majd bin Majdud bin Adam. Sana’i was born in the province of Ghazni in southern Afghanistan. He was one of the three great mystical mathnavi writers of Persia, the second being Shaikh Faridu'd-Din 'Attar and the third jalalu'd-Din Rumi, who write; “Attar is the soul and Sana’i its two eyes, I came after Sana’i and 'Attar.” Sana’i was the court poet of Bahram Shah, according to afghanland.com sources, and spent many years praising the king and his court but few years later he became more devoted to God and abruptly left the court of the king.

Bahram Shah was planning to lead an expedition to India, Sana’i wrote a verse and took read it to the palace at the presence the King. On the way to the palace he heard a drunkard ordering the Saqi (the, Cup bearer) to serve him wine, which he would drink for the King's stupidity. More Poems.